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Verb Classification in Australian Languages

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ISBN-10: 3110171414

ISBN-13: 9783110171419

Edition: 2002

Authors: William B. McGregor

List price: $224.00
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Description:

This book deals with systems of verb classification in Australian Aboriginal languages, with particular focus on languages of the north-west. It proposes a typology of the systems according to their main formal and semantic characteristics. It also makes some proposals concerning the historical origins and grammaticisation of these systems, and suggestions regarding the grammatical relations involved. In addition, an attempt is made to situate the phenomenon of verb classification within the context of related verbal phenomena such as serial verb constructions, nominal incorporation, and complex predicates.
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Book details

List price: $224.00
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH
Publication date: 3/19/2002
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 556
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.046
Language: English

Professor William B. McGregor is at the University of Aarhus, Denmark. He has published over a dozen books, including "Semiotic Grammar" (OUP, 1997) and "The Languages of the Kimberly, Western Australia" (Routledge, 2004). He isafellow of the Australian Academy of Humanities.

Preface
List of Figures
List of Maps
List of Tables
Abbreviations and Conventions
Introduction
What is verb classification?
Towards a typology of classification
Superclassification and subclassification
Classes and categories
Classifiers and classifying constructions
Concluding remarks
Understanding grammatical superclassification
A conceptual model
Distributional criteria for grammatical superclassification
An example: the Kijanoun class system
Verb superclassification Australian style
Semantic basis of verb superclassification
Fundamental parameters
On class, category, and classification meaning
Prediction and explanation
Aims and organisation
The Gooniyandi verb classifier system
Structure of the verbal complex
The X morphemes as category markers
The semantics of Gooniyandi verb classifiers
Extendible classifiers
Accomplishment classifiers
Monovalent classifiers
Avalent classifiers
The reasonably well populated categories
The minor categories
The bivalent classifier
Parallelisms between extendible and accomplishment classifiers?
Exceptions
Concluding remarks
Two special cases
Classification of the most frequent verb roots
Classification of English borrowings
Remarks on verb classification in Bunuba
CVC-based verb category systems
Formal properties of CVCs
Nyulnyulan languages
Worrorran (Northern Kimberley) languages
Jarrakan languages
Jaminjungan languages
Wagiman
Daly River languages
Maran languages
Mangarrayi
Pama-Nyungan languages
Concluding remarks
Comparison of verb category systems
Degrees of grammaticisation
IVs recurrent in CVC-based category systems
Speech; avalent
Stance; monovalent
'Sit, be'
'Stand'
Motion; monovalent
'Go'
'Fall'
'Become'
Induced motion; bivalent
'Carry'
'Throw'
'Put'
Acquisition; bivalent
'Catch, get'
'Give'
Violence; bivalent
'Hit'
'Poke'
Perception; bivalent
Concluding remarks
Gooniyandi and Nyulnyul systems in contrast
Formal characteristics
System level comparison
Individual categories compared and contrasted
Atelic categories
The unmarked Nyulnyul category -J 'say, do'
Telic categories
Categorisation of vocalisation/communication events
Categorisation of motion events
Motoric pattern
Nature of moving entity
Nature of medium
Location of carried item
Other types of motion events
Conclusion
Verb class systems: conjugations
Pama-Nyungan conjugation classes
Non-Pama-Nyungan conjugation classes
Nyulnyulan languages
Worrorran languages
Mindi languages
Wagiman and Wardaman
Gunwinjguan languages
Maran languages
Nunggubuyu
Anindilyakwa
Overlapping conjugation class membership
Other types of verb class system
The grammar of verb superclassifying constructions
Overview of approaches to verb classification
Conjugation by auxiliary
Compounding analysis
Semantic bleaching
Classifying analyses
Fusion and union analyses
CVCs as complex predicates
Grammatical relations in conjugation classes?
Grammatical relations in CVCs
Valency and transitivity in Nyulnyul CVCs
Related grammatical phenomena
Verb classification in a wider perspective
Non-CVC compound verb classifying constructions
The Ngiyambaa compound verb construction
The Hindi-Urdu compound verb construction
Categorisation by prefixes
Lexical prefixes
Instrumental prefixes
Categorisation with quantification
Other verbal constructions
Noun incorporation
Nominal argument classification
Concluding observations
Other types of compound verb construction
Other double-unit verb constructions
Auxiliary constructions
Serial verb constructions
Associated motion constructions
Final remark
Marking of diathesis alternations
Concluding remarks
Evolution of verb classification in Australia
Ideophone origins of UVs
Distinctive phonotactic features
Phonaesthesia
Use of UVs as expressives
Limited morphological modification
Syntactic properties
Comparison with recurrent features of ideophones
Motivations for historical change from ideophone to UV
Origins and historical development of the CVC
Origins of Pama-Nyungan conjugation markers
Evolution of meaning
Australia as a verb classification Sprachbund
Verb classification in discourse: a preliminary investigation
Category distribution in Gooniyandi narratives
A textual investigation
Interpretation and explanation
Conclusions
Overview
Comparatison of noun and verb classification
Directions for future research
Basic information on Australian languages mentioned in this book
Australian phonologies and orthographies
Notes
References
Index of authors
Index of languages
Index of subjects