Art Cloth A Guide to Surface Design for Fabric

ISBN-10: 1596681950

ISBN-13: 9781596681958

Edition: 2010

Authors: Jane Dunnewold

List price: $26.95
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Book details

List price: $26.95
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Interweave Press, LLC
Publication date: 7/27/2010
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 176
Size: 8.25" wide x 10.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.430
Language: English

Jane Dunnewold has been an influential textile artist for over 20 years and is the author of Complex Cloth: A Comprehensive Guide to Surface Design (Martingale, 1996). She co-authored Finding Your Own Visual Language (2007) and Paper and Metal Leaf Lamination (2008). Jane teaches and exhibits widely and was awarded the Quilt Japan Prize in the 2002 Visions exhibition, and the Gold Prize, at the Taegue International Textile Exhibition. She is currently Vice President of Outreach for the Surface Design Association. Jane maintains Art Cloth Studios in San Antonio, Texas. Additional information and exhibition history can be found at complexcloth.com.

Tools:
Stamp carving - basic technique explanation. Expansion of materials to include erasers, larger printing blocks and "appropriated" tools - Plexiglas plates, textured objects etc.
The creation of stencils using fusible interfacing. This is a technique Jane developed and perfected. Two pieces of interfacing are cut as one, and nylon tulle is ironed between the two layers. The net secures the surface and also allows for cut out shapes of interfacing to be ironed directly to the net so that they "float" - eliminating the need for the "bridges" traditional stencils require in order to hold the design elements together.
The creation of stencils from non-fusible interfacing to be used with hot wax, flour paste, and thickened dye.
A variety of silkscreen options:
Updated photo emulsion techniques
Aquarelle crayon applied with Gel Gloss Medium
Wax applied directly to the screen
Freezer paper ironed directly to the screen surface
Latex house paint used to paint a design directly on the screen, resulting in a screen which can be used with every wet media in the toolbox
Flour paste applied directly to the screen. After the flour paste dries, a skewer is used to scrape out a design. The effect is an organic line impossible to achieve through any other means, and a screen which can be printed more than fifty times before it is washed out and reclaimed.
Painting directly onto a screen with thickened dyes.
Using spray paint (the household kind) to generate a permanent surface on a screen
Thermofax screens
Techniques:
Dyeing with MX dyes. The method Jane detailed in Complex Cloth is water wasteful. Low-water immersion techniques are appropriate for layering since the whole point is to create backgrounds suitable for printing. An introduction can include a short discussion on the appropriate use of larger dye baths, based on the goal of the project at hand. This chapter must cover the issue of saturation (dye molecules reacting to fiber molecules), overdyeing guidelines, and a detailed section on printing with dyes, as this process has been revolutionized in the past ten years. Jane has secrets (strategies) related to dye mixing, print paste preparation and wash out procedures - all tested in classroom settings so she knows they work better than what she used to do. If space allows, applying dye to screens (known as "breakdown printing" or "deconstructed printing") could also fit here.
Discharging chemicals. Chlorine products remain one of the most popular methods for stripping color from fabric, despite the health hazards. Jane would ramp up information on safety, and where chlorine products are concerned, this would include new material on the value of choosing products that may have bleach in them, without being the straight bleach from a laundry aisle.
Additional discharging topics/chemicals include:
Jacquard discharge paste (active ingredient Ronglit)
Thiourea dioxide (thiox) - as an immersion bath and also as a printing medium
Rit color remover - available online and in markets, this color remover offers exciting opportunities if used safely.
Textile paints
Information on the paint formulations, color shifts and their effect on printing. Why to use them instead of dye when printing. How to use paint effectively. No on else ever addresses these issues, and paints go unappreciated and unused, when they are the perfect solution to a layering problem.
Water-Based Resists
There are exciting innovations where these products are concerned. All are completely non-toxic and produce more reliable results than products actually sold on the market. Also in their favor - using resists allows a person to avoid discharging agents completely if there are health issues, or a personal preference to avoid the chemicals. The resist applications, smartly applied, mimic the look of discharge without the hazards.
The resists include:
Flour paste. Corn and potato dextrin are thought of as the premier resists, but they are cranky and uncooperative if the temperature and humidity aren't right. And they are expensive. Flour paste is cheap, easy to make and always works. The results are fabulous. The flour is applied to the fabric and after the paste dries, the fabric is cracked. Paint or dye is applied, sinks into the fissures and dries. Then fabric is then washed, the flour paste washes out, and the end result is a fabric patterned with a series of tiny, beautiful lines. You can write into it while it is wet, too.
Soy wax. Water-soluble, a replenishable resource and it can be removed with hot water and bit of Synthrapol detergent. Jane stamps with it and also folds fabric and dips the edges in wax before she dyes the cloth. Endless possibilities and easy.
Commercial bottled glues. These impermanent glues - like Elmer's Glue in the United States - hold a line, can be applied to silk screens, can be immersed for short periods of time, and wash out completely with hot water and a little soap.
Foils and Metal Leafing
The adhesives have changed and are more readily available. Metallic powders have been introduced into the market. But most importantly, surface design has grown up and sometimes the most sophisticated finish on a fabric is gold leaf - a completely different look when compared to the foils, but not at all difficult to apply. This chapter would include a comparison, methods of application, and durability/cleaning advice.
Appendices
Includes detailed Resource Lists, Charts for measurement conversion etc.
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