Human Societies An Introduction to Macrosociology

ISBN-10: 1594511438

ISBN-13: 9781594511431

Edition: 10th 2005

Authors: Patrick Nolan, Gerhard Lenski

List price: $59.95
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The tenth edition of Human Societies is more substantially revised and updated than any single new edition of this classic text in the last twenty years. Readers will find the basic theoretical framework of Human Societies unchanged, but the application of this framework has been expended to analyze many of today's current issues and developments. NEW TO THE 10th EDITION: o New or expanded material on globalization, outsourcing, prospects for a Chinese century, and the end of cheap oil. o New and expanded materials on Islamic fundamentalism. o New unit on the growing generation gap in industrial societies. o New unit on women in agrarian societies with special sidebar on the recent discovery of 'Women's Secret Language in [pre-modern] China.' o New and expanded materials on the role of money and moneyed interests in industrial democracies and on the dark side of the Industrial Revolution. o Statistical data on contemporary societies updated with latest available figures and several valuable new tables. o Several new sidebars: 'Paris in the Horticultural Era'; 'The Myth of Primitive Environmentalism' (the case of Easter Island per Jared Diamond); 'Changing Catholic Belief and Practice in France and the United States'; and 'Women's Secret Language in China'. For related exercises go to: For Instructor's Manual, email
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Book details

List price: $59.95
Edition: 10th
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Paradigm Publishers
Publication date: 11/1/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 480
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.628

Gerhard Lenski, Professor Emeritus of Sociology at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, is the author of Power and Privilege and The Religious Factor. He is a recent recipient of the ASA Distinguished Career Award.

Theoretical Foundations
The Human Condition
Human Societies: Their Place in Nature
Societies as Adaptive Mechanisms
A Definition of Human Societies
Understanding Human Societies: Basic Assumptions
Human Societies and the Environment
Human Societies: Their Genetic Heritage
Human Cultures: A New and Unique Mode of Adaptation and a New and Unique Kind of Heritage
Human Societies: The Basic Model
Excursus: A Brief History of Sociology
Human Societies as Sociocultural Systems
Human Societies as Systems
The Five Basic Components of Human Societies
Material Products
Social Organization
Social Institutions and Institutional Systems
The World System of Societies
The Evolution of Human Societies
Forces Promoting Social and Cultural Continuity
Forces Promoting Social and Cultural Change
Forms of Innovation
Causes of Innovation
Variations in the Rate of Innovation
Forces of Selection
Intrasocietal Selection
Intersocietal Selection
Societal Growth and Development
Subsistence Technology's Role in Sociocultural Evolution
Ideology's Role in Sociocultural Evolution
A Model of the Evolution of the World System of Societies
Excursus: A Comparison of Biological and Sociocultural Evolution
Types of Human Societies
Classifying Human Societies
Societal Types through History
Historical Eras
Differences among Types of Societies
Size of Societies
Permanence of Settlements
Societal Complexity
Societal Types: What They Are and What They Are Not
Technological Determinism Rejected
Preindustrial Societies
Hunting and Gathering Societies
The Emergence of Homo Sapiens Sapiens prior to 100,000 b.c.: Establishing a Genetic Foundation for Cultural Evolution
Hunting and Gathering Societies 100,000 b.c. to 8,000 b.c.: Cultural Evolution Takes Over
Hunting and Gathering Societies of the Recent Past
The Economy
The Polity
The Arts and Leisure
Tribal Ties: Links between Societies
Hunting and Gathering Societies in Theoretical Perspective
Archaeological and Ethnographic Evidence Compared
A Model of Limited Development
The Last Hunting and Gathering Societies
Horticultural Societies
Causes of the Shift from Hunting and Gathering to Horticulture
The Technology of Horticulture
Simple Horticultural Societies in Prehistoric Asia and Europe
The First Great Social Revolution
Simple Horticultural Societies in the Modern Era
Population and Economy
The Continuing Importance of Kinship
Developments in Polity, Stratification, and Warfare
Advanced Horticultural Societies in Prehistoric Asia and Europe
The Shift from Stone to Metals
Social Consequences of Metal Tools and Weapons
Advanced Horticultural Societies in the Modern Era
Increased Size and Complexity
Political Development
Horticultural Societies in Southeast Asia
Horticultural Societies in Theoretical Perspective
Excursus: Race, Environment, and Societal Development
Agrarian Societies
Simple Agrarian Societies
Religion and the Growth of the Economic Surplus
Population: Growth in Size of Communities and Societies
The Polity: Growth of the State
The Economy: The First Monetary Systems and the Growth of Trade
Stratification: Increasing Inequality
Slowdown in the Rate of Technological Innovation
Advanced Agrarian Societies
Population: Continuing Trends
The Economy: Increasing Differentiation
The Polity: Continuing Development of the State
Religion: The Emergence of Universal Faiths
Kinship: Changing Significance in Society
The Role of Women in Agrarian Societies
Leisure and the Arts
Stratification: Increasing Complexity
Variations on Agrarian Themes
Agrarian Societies in Theoretical Perspective
Some Evolutionary Bypaths and a Brief Review
Environmentally Specialized Societal Types
Fishing Societies
Herding Societies
Maritime Societies
A Brief Review: Sociocultural Evolution to the Eve of the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Societies and Industrializing Societies
The Industrial Revolution
Causes of the Industrial Revolution
The Accumulation of Information in the Agrarian Era
Advances in Water Transportation and the Conquest of the New World
The Printing Press and the Spread of Information
Advances in Agriculture
A Model of the Causes of the Industrial Revolution
A Brief History of the Industrial Revolution
First Phase: Steam Engines, Iron, Coal, Textile Machines, Factories
Second Phase: Railroads, Steamships, Steel, Rubber, Farm Machines
Third Phase: Automobiles, Airplanes, Telephones, Electricity, Petroleum, Radios, Movies
Fourth Phase: Television, Computers, Transistors, the Internet, Plastics, Globalization
Key Innovations: New Energy, New Machines, New Materials
A Caution: The Dark Side of the Industrial Revolution
Causes of the Continuing Industrial Revolution
Greater Informational Resources and a Larger Population
Changing Attitudes toward Innovation
The Rise of Modern Science
Environmental Feedback
The Desire for Ever Higher Standards of Living
Varying Levels of Industrialization in the World System of Societies
Consequences of the Industrial Revolution
Initial Consequences
Long-Run Consequences: An Overview
Industrial Societies: Technologies and Economies
The Technological Foundation of Industrial Societies
The Economies of Industrial Societies
The Urbanization of Production
Rise in Productivity and in the Standard of Living
The Shift from Labor-Intensive to Capital-Intensive Industries
Changes in the Labor Force
The Rise of Market Economies
Moves toward Mixed Economies
Evolution of the Modern Corporation
Globalization: Increasing Economic Integration of the World Economy
Industrial Societies: Ideologies and Polities
Ideologies in Industrial Societies
Theistic Religions
New Secular Ideologies
Differences among Industrial Societies
The Polities of Industrial Societies
The Democratic Trend
Democracy as a Variable
Causes of the Democratic Trend
Mass Political Parties
Special Interest Groups
The Mass Media
Political Conflict and Stability
The Growth of Government
Governmental Bureaucracies: Their Expansion and Transformation
Political Globalization and the Challenge to the New World Order
Industrial Societies: Social Stratification
Stratification in Industrial Societies
Political Stratification
The Distribution of Income
The Distribution of Wealth
Occupational Stratification
Educational Stratification
Racial and Ethnic Stratification
Age and Sex Stratification
Vertical Mobility
Social Inequality: Two Basic Trends
Industrial Societies: Population, the Family, and Leisure
Growth in Size of Societies
Trends in Health and Longevity
Declining Birthrates and Increasing Immigration
Population Distribution: The Growth of Urban Populations
The Family
Changing Functions of the Family
Causes of Change in the Family
The Nuclear Family in Industrial Societies
The Changing Role of Women
The Changing Role of Youth
The Generation Gap
Leisure and the Arts
Problems and Progress
Industrial Societies in Theoretical Perspective
Industrializing Hybrid Societies
Two Types of Industrializing Societies
Economies and Population Growth
Polities and Conflicts
Social Stratification
The Status of Women
Industrializing Societies in Theoretical Perspective
Major Social Experiments of the Twentieth Century: Testing the Limits of the Possible
Some Successful Experiments
A Tragically Flawed Experiment
Some Successes and Partial Successes
The Failures
Summing Up
Lessons to Be Learned
Excursus: Is Free Market Capitalism the Cure?
Retrospect and Prospect
Looking Back
The Divergent Path
The Question of Progress
Looking Ahead
Natural Resources and the Biophysical Environment
The World System
The Higher Goals
Web Pages of Interest
Photo Credits
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