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Research Design Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches

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ISBN-10: 1452226105

ISBN-13: 9781452226101

Edition: 4th 2014

Authors: John W. Creswell

List price: $65.00
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The book that has helped more than 80,000 students and researchers prepare their plan or proposal for a scholarly journal article, dissertation or thesis has been revised and updated while maintaining all the features that made the first edition so popular. New to this edition: · Because mixed method research has come into its own since the publication of the first edition, every chapter now shows how to implement a mixed method design in your proposal or plan as well as showing how to do the other two (qualitative and quantitative) approaches + Ethical issues that may arise in quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods designs have been added to a new section in Chapter 3 + Writing tips and considerations have been expanded and moved to the first part of the book to get your research plan started in the right direction + The latest developments in qualitative inquiry, including advocacy, participatory, and emancipatory approaches have been added to Chapter 10 + Mixed Method Procedures (Chapter 11) show readers how to identify the type of mixed method strategy, select the data collection and analysis approaches, and plan the overall structure of the study Examples, drawn from various disciplinary fields, are used throughout the book to deepen the readers understanding of the discussion. These include examples of studies with marginalized individuals in our society that reflect issues in social justice in addition to the traditional samples and populations studied by social researchers. In addition, there are new references and suggestions for further reading. We've maintained those features, which made the book so useful: + Writing Exercises conclude each chapter so that readers can practice the principles learned in the chapter PLUS (if they complete all the exercises) have a written plan for their scholarly study + Numbered Points to provide a checklist of each step in a process + Annotated Passages to help the reader's comprehension of key research ideas.
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Book details

List price: $65.00
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2014
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
Publication date: 3/14/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 304
Size: 7.50" wide x 10.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.452
Language: English

Analytic Contents of Research Techniques
Outline of Chapters
About the Author
Preliminary Considerations
The Selection of a Research Approach
The Three Approaches to Research
Three Components Involved in an Approach
Philosophical Worldviews
The Postpositivist Worldview
The Constructivist Worldview
The Transformative Worldview
The Pragmatic Worldview
Research Designs
Quantitative Designs
Qualitative Designs
Mixed Methods Designs
Research Methods
Research Approaches as Worldviews, Designs, and Methods
Criteria for Selecting a Research Approach
The Research Problem and Questions
Personal Experiences
Writing Exercises
Additional Readings
Review of the Literature
The Research Topic
The Literature Review
The Use of the Literature
Design Techniques
Steps in Conducting a Literature Review
Searching Computerized Databases
A Priority for Selecting Literature Material
A Literature Map of the Research
Abstracting Studies
Literature Review Abstract in a Quantitative Study
Literature Review Abstract in a Study Advancing a Typology
Style Manuals
The Definition of Terms
Terms Defined in an Independent Variables Section
Terms Defined in a Mixed Methods Dissertation
A Quantitative or Mixed Methods Literature Review
Writing Exercises
Additional Readings
The Use of Theory
Quantitative Theory Use
Variables in Quantitative Research
Definition of a Theory in Quantitative Research
Forms of Theories in Quantitative Research
Placement of Quantitative Theories
Writing a Quantitative Theoretical Perspective
A Quantitative Theory Section
Qualitative Theory Use
Variation in Theory Use in Qualitative Research
Locating the Theory in Qualitative Research
A Theory Early In a Qualitative Study
A Theory at the End of a Qualitative Study
Mixed Methods Theory Use
Social Science Theory Use
Transformative Paradigm Theory Use
Theory in a Transformative Mixed Methods Study
Writing Exercises
Additional Readings
Writing Strategies and Ethical Considerations
Writing the Proposal
Arguments Presented in a Proposal
Format for a Qualitative Proposal
A Qualitative Constructivist/Interpretivist Format
A Qualitative Transformative Format
Format for a Quantitative Proposal
A Quantitative Format
Format for a Mixed Methods Proposal
A Mixed Methods Format
Designing the Sections of a Proposal
Writing Ideas
Writing as Thinking
The Habit of Writing
Readability of the Manuscript
An Illustration of the Hook-and-Eye Technique
Voice, Tense, and "Fat"
Ethical Issues to Anticipate
Prior to Beginning the Study
Beginning the Study
Collecting the Data
Analyzing the Data
Reporting, Sharing, and Storing Data
Writing Exercises
Additional Readings
Designing Research
The Introduction
The Importance of Introductions
An Abstract for a Study
Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Introductions
A Model for an Introduction
An Illustration
The Research Problem
Studies Addressing the Problem
Deficiencies in Past Literature
Deficiencies in the literature-Needed Studies
Deficiencies in the Literature-Few Studies
Significance of a Study for Audiences
Significance of the Study Stated in an Introduction to a Quantitative Study
Writing Exercises
Additional Readings
The Purpose Statement
Significance and Meaning of a Purpose Statement
A Qualitative Purpose Statement
A Purpose Statement in a Qualitative Phenomenology Study
A Purpose Statement in a Case Study
A Purpose Statement in an Ethnography
A Purpose Statement in a Grounded Theory Study
A Quantitative Purpose Statement
A Purpose Statement in a Published Survey Study
A Purpose Statement in a Dissertation Survey Study
A Purpose Statement in an Experimental Study
A Mixed Methods Purpose Statement
A Convergent Mixed Methods Purpose Statement
An Explanatory Sequential Mixed Methods Purpose Statement
An Exploratory Sequential Mixed Methods Purpose Statement
Writing Exercises
Additional Readings
Research Questions and Hypotheses
Qualitative Research Questions
A Qualitative Central Question From an Ethnography
Qualitative Central Questions From a Case Study
Quantitative Research Questions and Hypotheses
A Null Hypothesis
Directional Hypotheses
Nondirectional and Directional Hypotheses
Standard Use of Language in Hypotheses
A Model for Descriptive Questions and Hypotheses
Descriptive and Inferential Questions
Mixed Methods Research Questions and Hypotheses
Hypotheses and Research Questions in a Mixed Methods Study
A Mixed Methods Question Written Using Methods and Content Language
Writing Exercises
Additional Readings
Quantitative Methods
Defining Surveys and Experiments
Components of a Survey Method Plan
The Survey Design
The Population and Sample
Variables in the Study
Data Analysis and Interpretation
A Survey Method Section
Components of an Experimental Method Plan
Instrumentation and Materials
Experimental Procedures
Pre-Experimental Designs
Quasi-experimental Designs
True Experimental Designs
Single-Subject Designs
Threats to Validity
The Procedure
Data Analysis
Interpreting Results
An Experimental Method Section
Writing Exercises
Additional Readings
Qualitative Methods
The Components of Qualitative Methods
The Characteristics of Qualitative Research
Qualitative Designs
The Researcher's Role
Data Collection Procedures
Data Recording Procedures
Data Analysis and Interpretation
Validity and Reliability
Writing the Qualitative Report
Qualitative Procedures
Writing Exercises
Additional Readings
Mixed Methods Procedures
Components of Mixed Methods Procedures
Describe Mixed Methods Research
Types of Mixed Methods Designs
Convergent Parallel Mixed Methods Design
Explanatory Sequential Mixed Methods Design
Exploratory Sequential Mixed Methods Design
Several Advanced Mixed Methods Designs
Mixed Methods Notation in the Figures
Factors Important in Choosing a Mixed Methods Design
Choice Based on Outcomes Expected
Choice Based on How the Data Wilt Be Used Together (or Integrated)
Choice Based on the Timing of the Data Collection
Choice Based on the Emphasis Placed on Each Database
Choice Based on Type of Design Most Suited for a Field
Choice Based on a Single Researcher or Team
Examples of Mixed Methods Procedures
A Convergent Parallel Mixed Methods Design
An Explanatory Sequential Mixed Methods Design
An Exploratory Sequential Mixed Methods Design
A Transformative Design
Writing Exercises
Additional Readings
Author Index
Subject Index