Physical Properties of Materials

ISBN-10: 1439866511

ISBN-13: 9781439866511

Edition: 2nd 2011 (Revised)

Authors: Mary Anne White

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Description:

The second edition of a best seller, this book introduces principles of materials science from the perspective of various properties ' optical, thermal, electrical, magnetic, and mechanical ' highlighting the relationships among the properties from an atomic approach. The book covers timeless principles along with exciting contemporary materials science concepts. Covering the breadth of materials science, it is ideal for a one-semester introductory class in materials chemistry or materials physics as well as for materials engineering interested in a molecular approach.
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Book details

List price: $64.99
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: CRC Press LLC
Publication date: 6/28/2011
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 469
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.782
Language: English

Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
Acknowledgments
About the Author
Introduction
Introduction to Materials Science
History
More Recent Trends
Impact on Daily Living
Future Materials
Structures of Materials
Problems
Further Reading
Color and Other Optical Properties of Materials
Atomic and Molecular Origins of Color
Introduction
Atomic Transitions
Black-Body Radiation
Vibrational Transitions as a Source of Color
Crystal Field Colors
Color Centers (F-Centers)
Charge Delocalization, Especially Molecular Orbitals
Problems
Further Reading
Color in Metals and Semiconductors
Introduction
Metallic Luster
Colors of Pure Semiconductors
Colors of Doped Semiconductors
Problems
Further Reading
Color from Interactions of Light Waves with Bulk Matter
Introduction
Refraction
Interference
Scattering of Light
Diffraction Grating
An Example of Diffraction Grating Colors: Liquid Crystals
Problems
Further Reading
Other Optical Effects
Introduction
Optical Activity and Related Effects
Birefringence
Circular Dichroism and Optical Rotatory Dispersion
Nonlinear Optical Effects
Problems
Further Reading
Thermal Properties of Materials
Heat Capacity, Heat Content, and Energy Storage
Introduction
Equipartition of Energy
Heat Capacity of a Monatomic Gas
Heat Capacity of a Nonlinear Triatomic Gas
Real Heat Capacities and Heat Content of Real Gases
Joule's Experiment
Joule-Thomson Experiment
Heat Capacities of Solids
Dulong-Petit Law
Einstein Model
Debye Model
Heat Capacities of Metals
Heat Capacities of Liquids
Heat Capacities of Glasses
Phase Stability and Phase Transitions, Including Their Order
(C<sub>P</sub> - C<sub>v</sub>): An Exercise in Thermodynamic Manipulations
Problems
Further Reading
Thermal Expansion
Introduction
Compressibility and Thermal Expansion of Gases
Thermal Expansion of Solids
Problems
Further Reading
Thermal Conductivity
Introduction
Thermal Conductivity of Gases
Thermal Conductivities of Insulating Solids
Thermal Conductivities of Metals
Problems
Further Reading
Thermodynamic Aspects of Stability
Introduction
Pure Gases
Phase Equilibria in Pure Materials: The Clapeyron Equation
Phase Diagrams of Pure Materials
The Phase Rule
Liquid-Liquid Binary Phase Diagrams
Liquid-Vapor Binary Phase Diagrams
Relative Proportions of Phases: The Lever Principle
Liquid-Solid Binary Phase Diagrams
Compound Formation
Three-Component (Ternary) Phase Diagrams
Problems
Further Reading
Surface and Interfacial Phenomena
Introduction
Surface Energetics
Surface Investigations
Surface Tension and Capillarity
Liquid Films on Surfaces
Problems
Further Reading
Other Phases of Matter
Introduction
Colloids
Micelles
Surfactants
Inclusion Compounds
Problems
Further Reading
Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Materials
Electrical Properties
Introduction
Metals, Insulators, and Semiconductors: Band Theory
Metals
Semiconductors
Insulators
Temperature Dependence of Electrical Conductivity
Metals
Intrinsic Semiconductors
Properties of Extrinsic (Doped) Semiconductors
Electrical Devices Using Extrinsic (Doped) Semiconductors
p,n-Junction
Transistors
Dielectrics
Superconductivity
Problems
Further Reading
Magnetic Properties
Introduction
Origins of Magnetic Behavior
Magnetic Induction as a Function of Field Strength
Temperature Dependence of Magnetization
Problems
Further Reading
Mechanical Properties of Materials
Mechanical Properties
Introduction
Elasticity and Related Properties
Beyond the Elastic Limit
Defects and Dislocations
Crack Propagation
Adhesion
Electromechanical Properties: The Piezoelectric Effect
Problems
Further Reading
Fundamental Physical Constants
Unit Conversions
The Greek Alphabet
Sources of Lecture Demonstration Materials
Index
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