Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

ISBN-10: 1412960525

ISBN-13: 9781412960526

Edition: 2008

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Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice is a concise resource for understanding the multifaceted subject of research methods in the field of criminology and criminal justice. This book uniquely helps to teach research design and techniques within the context of substantive criminology and criminal justice issues of interest to students and the field. This briefer version of Ronet and Russ??'s successful The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice, Third Edition is written in a less formal style, with more concise examples drawn from everyday experience, and less coverage of complex or more rigorous methods. It is ideal for students who need to understand how criminal justice research is done and appreciate the results, but may never do research themselves in their professional lives.??Key Features - Features a less formal writing style than the ???big??? version, with more concise examples drawn from everyday experience ?? Offers less coverage of complex or more rigorous methods than the ???big??? version ?? Integrated in-depth substantive examples into each chapter from real criminal justice-related research ?? Boasts an integrated treatment of qualitative and quantitative methods ?? Weaves ethical concerns and ethical decision making issues throughout each chapter ?? Provides extensive end-of-chapter exercises, which include: Discussing Research, Finding Research, Critiquing Research, Making Research Ethical, Writing a Research Proposal, and Performing Data Analysis Using SPSS ?? Integrates policy implications throughout ?? Provides appendices which provide step-by-step procedures for conducting literature reviews, finding information on theWorldwide Web, how to read a research article, and questions to ask about a research article Ancillaries ?? Includes a robust Student Study Site at which includes GSS data sets from 2006, Appendixes on using quantitative and qualitative software, a demo for HyperResearch's popular qualitative analysis software, a sample research proposal, and interactive exercises tied to real research articles for student practice Intended Audience This is an excellent introductory methods text for undergraduate research courses in the fields of Criminal Justice and Criminology.
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Book details

List price: $66.95
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
Publication date: 3/7/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 432
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.540
Language: English

Russell K. Schutt (PhD, MA, BA, University of Illinois at Chicago; postdoctoral fellow in the Sociology of Social Control Training Program at Yale University) is professor and chair of sociology at the University of Massachusetts Boston and lecturer on sociology in the Department of Psychiatry at the Harvard Medical School. In addition to Investigating the Social World: The Process and Practice of Research, now in its Eighth Edition , and its co-authored adaptations for the disciplines of social work, criminal justice, psychology, and education, his books include Homelessness, Housing, and Mental Illness, Social Neuroscience: Brain, Mind, and Society (co-edited), and Organization in a Changing Environment . His scholarship focuses on the bidirectional relationship between individuals and their social environment, its consequences for organizational change, cognitive functioning, and individual behavior, and its predictors in individual orientations and community contexts. His related articles have been published in journals ranging from the American Journal of Sociology, Social Problems, Law and Society Review, and the Journal of Offender Rehabilitation to the Journal of Community Health, Journal of Community Psychology, Schizophrenia Bulletin, Women and Health, Evaluation & Program Planning, and the Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare . His major research projects have been funded by the Veterans Health Administration, the National Cancer Institute, the Massachusetts Department of Public Health, the National Institute of Mental Health, the John E. Fetzer Institute, and state and local sources. In addition to research methods and statistics, he teaches the sociology of complex organizations and the sociology of law.

Ronet Bachman, PhD, is Professor and Chair of the Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice at the University of Delaware. She is coauthor of Statistical Methods for Crime and Criminal Justice (3rd ed.), and coeditor of Explaining Crime and Criminology: Essays in Contemporary Criminal Theory. In addition, she is author of Death and Violence on the Reservation; coauthor of Stress, Culture, and Aggression in the United States; coauthor of Murder American Style; and coauthor of Violence: The Enduring Problem as well as numerous articles and papers that examine the epidemiology and etiology of violence, with a particular emphasis on women, the elderly, and minority populations. She is currently the Co-PI of a National Institute of Justice–funded study to examine the trajectories of drug-involved offenders 10 years after release from prison using a mixed-method design.

About the Authors
Preface and Acknowledgments
Science, Society, and Criminological Research
What Do We Have In Mind?
Reasoning About the Social World
How The Scientific Approach Is Different
Strengths and Limitations of Social Research
Types of Research Methods
Social Research Philosophies
Validity: The Goal of Social Research
The Process and Problems of Criminological Research
What Do We Have In Mind?
Criminological Research Questions
The Role of Criminological Theory
Social Research Strategies
Guidelines for Criminologists
Conceptualization and Measurement
What Do We Have In Mind?
Concepts and Variables
How Will We Know When We've Found It?
How Much Information Do We Really Have?
Did We Measure What We Wanted to Measure?
What Do We Have In Mind?
Sample Planning
Sampling Methods
Sampling Distributions
Units of Analysis and Errors in Causal Reasoning
Causation and Research Designs
What Do We Mean By Causation?
Causal Explanation
What Causes What?
Why Experiment?
What If A True Experiment Isn't Possible?
What Are the Threats to Internal Validity and Generalizability in Experiments?
How Do Experimenters Protect Their Subjects?
Survey Research
What Is A Survey?
Questionnaire Development and Assessment
Writing Questions
Organization Matters
Survey Designs
Ethical Issues in Survey Research
Qualitative Methods and Data Analysis
What We Mean By Qualitative Methods
Participant Observation
Systematic Observation
Intensive Interviewing
Focus Groups
Analyzing Qualitative Data
Techniques of Qualitative Data Analysis
Alternatives in Qualitative Data Analysis
Visual Sociology
Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis
Ethical Issues in Qualitative Research
Analyzing Content: Crime Mapping and Historical, Secondary, and Content Analysis
What Is Secondary Data?
Historical Events Research
Comparative Methods
Content Analysis
Crime Mapping
Methodological Issues When Using Secondary Data
Combining Research Designs
Ethical Issues When Analyzing Available Data and Content
Evaluation and Policy Analysis
Why Do We Need Evaluation?
A Brief History of Evaluation Research
Design Decisions
When Experiments Aren't Feasible
Nonexperimental Designs
Qualitative and Quantitative Methods
Ethics in Evaluation
Quantitative Data Analysis
Why We Need Statistics
Preparing Data For Analysis
Displaying Univariate Distributions
Summarizing Univariate Distributions
Crosstabulating Variables
Analyzing Data Ethically: How Not To Lie About Relationships
Reporting Research Results
Beginning With A Proposal
Research Report Goals
Types of Research Reports
Curbing the Frustrations of Writing
Ethics and Reporting
Conducting Literature Reviews and Finding Information
Questions to Ask About a Research Article
How to Read a Research Article
Table of Random Numbers
How to Use a Statistical Package (On Student Study Site)
How to Use a Qualitative Analysis Package (On Student Study Site)
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