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Forensic Psychology

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ISBN-10: 1405186186

ISBN-13: 9781405186186

Edition: 2010

Authors: Graham J. Towl, David A. Crighton

List price: $38.99
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Book details

List price: $38.99
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Limited
Publication date: 2/12/2010
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 474
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.046
Language: English

List of Contributors
Note
Context
Introduction
Justice
Expert Controversies
Thinking about Ethics
Developmental Perspectives
Offender Profiling Smoke and Mirrors?
Witnesses
Psychological Assessment
Critical Psychology
Drugs
Justice Restored
References
The Justice System in England and Wales
What Justice Means
The Criminal Justice System
What Is a Crime?
Measurement of Crime
The Criminal Justice Process
The Sentencing Framework
The Criminal Courts
Police and Policing
The Crown Prosecution Service
Prisons and the Prison Service
Probation
Youth Justice
Home Office
Ministry of Justice
Law Officers'
Department
Other National Bodies
Some Special Subjects
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Notes
Community Services for Children and Young People
Introduction
Youth Justice in the UK
Characteristics and Needs of Young People Who Offend
Framework for Practice
Interventions and Services
Critical debates
Resources and Multi-Agency Working
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Notes
Expert Testimony
Introduction
Who and What Is an Expert?
The Controversial Nature of Expert Evidence
Junk Science
The Problem of the Ultimate Issue
Battle of the Experts
Alternatives and Antidotes to Adversarial Expert Testimony
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Ethical Issues in Forensic Psychological Policy and Practice
Philosophical Roots
Ethical Guidance for Professionals
Power Relationships
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Evidence-based Practice
The Developmental Evidence Base Neurobiological Research and Forensic Applications
The Developmental Evidence Base Neurobiological Research
Genetics
Neuroimaging
Neurology
Neuropsychology
Psychophysiology
Endocrinology
Moral Development
Nutrition
Forensic Applications of Developmental Neurobiological Research
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
The Developmental Evidence Base Prevention
Introduction
Family-based Prevention
School-based Prevention
Peer Programmes
Skills Training
Communities That Care
Recent UK Developments
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
The Developmental Evidence Base
Introduction
Individual Factors
Family Factors
Social Factors
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
The Developmental Evidence Base Desistance
Current State of Knowledge on Desistance
Unresolved Issues in Desistance Research
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Note
Offender Profiling
Introduction
Historical Development
Current Approaches to Offender Profiling
Current Developments
Profiling Databases
The Evidence Base for Profiling
Practice Issues
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Notes
Eyewitness Testimony
Eyewitness Identification Performance Experimental Research and the Real World
The Witnessed Event
Between the Witnessed Event and Identification Task
Intermediate Recognition Tasks
The Identification Task
Identifications from CCTV
Procedural Guidelines Relating to Suspect Identification in the UK
The Eyewitness in Court
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Children as Witnesses
Definition of 'Memory Suggestibility' and 'False Memory'
Factors that Affect the Suggestibility of Children's Memory
Children's True and False Autobiographical Memory
Guidelines for Effective Child Witness Interviewing
Child Witnesses in Court
Conclusions
References
Witness Interviewing
Introduction
Encoding, Storage and Retrieval
Forgetting
Reminiscence
Encoding Specificity
Suggestibility and False Memory
Witness Interviewing in the UK
Further Reading
References
Victims of Crime Towards a Psychological Perspective
Brightening the Dark Figure Descriptive Victimology
Explaining Victimisation Between Probabilities and Blame
Recognising the Suffering Consequences of Victimisation
Coping with Criminal Victimisation Towards a Theoretical Integration
Perspectives for Intervention and Research
References
Notes
Jury Decision Making
Introduction The Jury Idea
The Notion of an Impartial and Fair Jury A Critical Appraisal
Methods for Studying Juries/Jurors
Selecting Jurors
The Jury Foreperson
Jury Deliberation
Models of Jury Decision Making
Reforming the Jury to Remedy Some of Its Problems
Alternatives to Trial by Jury
Conclusions
References
Notes
Assessment
Conceptual Issues in Assessment
Psychological Assessment
Data Gathering
Data Analysis
Clinical Judgements and Biases
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Notes
Risk Assessment
Definitional Issues
Key Principles in Risk Assessment
Limitations of Risk Assessment
Communicating Risk Assessments Effectively
Decision Making about Risks
Managing Risk
Further Reading
References
Notes
Aspects of Diagnosed Mental Illness and Offending
The Social Context of Rule Transgressions Normal and Abnormal Offenders
Overlaps and Tensions between Psychiatric and Psychological Knowledge
Psychological and Psychiatric Approaches to Mental Illness in Forensic Settings
The Problematic Relationship between Diagnosed Mental Illness and Risk
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Mentally Disordered Offenders Intellectual Disability
The Context of Practice in Forensic Learning Disabilities
Mental Health Legislation
Learning Disability and Crime
Applications of Psychology to Processes within the Justice System
Working with Offenders with ID
Interventions with Offenders with ID
Summary and Conclusions
References
Mental Disordered Offenders Personality Disorder
Issues Surrounding the Concept of Personality Disorder
Assessment and Treatment of Personality Disorder
Assessment of Psychopathy
Measures of Interpersonal Style
Practical Considerations
Summary Assessment of Personality Disorder
Procedural Recommendations in Assessing Personality Disorder
Treatment of Personality DisorderSome Caveats
Treatment Issues
Personality Disorder and Offending
Conclusions and Implications for the Future
Further Reading
References
Notes
The Trauma of Being Violent
Introduction
Empirical Evidence
Clinical and Legal Implications
Conclusions
References
Note
Substance Use Disorders
Consumption Behaviours, Problems, and Dependence
Drugs and Crime
Assessment of Substance Use Disorders
Management of Detoxification
Treatment
Further Complications
Further Reading
References
Notes
Children Who Physically or Sexually Harm Others
Extent of Violent Offences by Children
Extent of Sexual Offences by Children
Characteristics of Antisocial and Violent Children
The Development of Antisocial Behaviour in Children
Need for Early Intervention
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Sexually Harmful Adults
Who and What Is a Sexually Harmful Adult?
Prevalence and Incidence of Sexually Harmful Behaviours
Theories of Sexually Harmful Behaviour
Assessing the Risk of Sexually Harmful Adults
Interventions for Sexually Harmful Adults
Measuring Interventions
Past Meta-analyses of Interventions with Sexually Harmful Adults
Improving the Quality of Treatment Outcome
Cluster Randomisation
When the 'Sex Offender'
Is Not Sexually Harmful
The Politicisation of Sexual Harm
Sexual Harm and the Culture of Fear
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Notes
Suicide and Self-Injury in Offenders
Suicide in the General Population
Background
Suicide in the Prison Population
Limitations of Prison Suicide Research
Suicide in Community Offenders
Suicide in Police Custody
Pre- and Post-Release Planning from Criminal Justice Agencies
Self-injury in Offenders
Risk Factors for Self-Injury in Offenders
Specific Subgroups of Offenders
Assessing Risk
Prevention
Diversion from the Criminal Justice System
Interventions and Management of Self-Injury
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Note
Restorative Justice as a Psychological Treatment Healing Victims, Reintegrating Offenders
Introduction
Varieties of Restorative Justice
Theories of Change for Victims and Offenders
Delivering RJ Conferencing
Research on Restorative Justice The Gold Standard
Effects of RJ Conferencing on Offenders
Effects of RJ Conferencing on Victims
Evidence on Other RJ Options
RJ and Forensic Psychology
Further Reading
References
Notes
Concluding Themes Psychological Perspectives and Futures
Introduction
Contextual Themes
Psychological Perspectives
Futures
Index