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Physiology of Crop Yield

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ISBN-10: 1405108592

ISBN-13: 9781405108591

Edition: 2nd 2006 (Revised)

Authors: Robert K. M. Hay, John R. Porter

List price: $121.95
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This textbook for agriculture and plant sciences students provides material and case histories from North American crop production and covers advances in molecular biology related to crop sciences, the impact of global climate change and rapid expansion in crop/modelling and simulation.
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Book details

List price: $121.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 11/17/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 336
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.70" long x 0.70" tall
Weight: 1.738

Copyright acknowledgements
Development and phenology
Crop development: concepts and tools
Growth stages and phasic development
Events at the stem apex: the leek as a simple model species
Events at stem apices: branching and reproductive development in wheat
Events at stem apices: the consequences of separation of male and female organs in maize
Phenology determined by events at axillary meristems: determinate and indeterminate soybean varieties
Components of yield
Case histories: the influence of environment and management on crop development and phenology
Convergence and synchrony: the influence of sowing date on winter wheat in Northern Europe
Crop improvement and the anthesis-silking interval in maize
Adaptation of soybean to different latitudes: phasic analysis of the photoperiodic control of flowering
Development in storage: physiological age and tuber initiation in the potato
Complementary phenologies and plant habits in mixed cropping: temperate grass/clover swards
Interception of solar radiation by the canopy
The life history of a leaf
The components of plant leaf area expansion
Crop emergence
Leaf production
Leaf expansion
Senescence, removal and damage - leaf lifespan
The development of the crop canopy: leaf area index
Seasonal development of leaf area index
Leaf area index and crop management
Canopy architecture and the interception of solar radiation
Seasonal patterns of interception
Optimum and critical leaf area indices
Leaf photosynthesis and canopy properties
Canopy extinction coefficient
Photosynthesis and photorespiration
Photosynthetic efficiency
Photosynthetic processes
Photosynthesis as a cellular biochemical process
Photosynthesis as a leaf diffusive process
Photosynthesis as a crop canopy process
The C[subscript 4] photosynthesis mechanism
Water shortage and photosynthesis
Nitrogen effects on photosynthesis
Ozone effects on photosynthesis and crop productivity
The loss of CO[subscript 2]: respiration
The basis of crop respiration
Growth and maintenance respiration
The respiration of different plant substrates
Growth and maintenance respiration in the field
Respiration associated with crop processes
Environmental effects on respiration
Crop respiration in the future
The partitioning of dry matter to harvested organs
The processes and pathways of assimilate partitioning
Ontogeny and assimilate partitioning: a survey of source/sink relationships
Time courses of dry matter partitioning: harvest index
Limitation of yield by source or sink
Sink limitation of yield in cereals - physiology of ineffective grain setting
Assimilate partitioning and crop improvement: historic trends in harvest index of wheat and barley
Assimilate partitioning and crop improvement: historic trends in harvest index of maize
Assimilate partitioning to potato tubers
Assimilate partitioning in grassland: implications for management of grass yield
Assimilate partitioning in grassland: implications for the overwintering and early growth of white clover
Assimilate partitioning in diseased plants: temperate cereals affected by biotrophic fungal pathogens
Limiting factors and the achievement of high yield
Limitation by water supply
Acquisition of water
Water use efficiency
Crop yield where water supply is limiting
Limitation by nitrogen supply
Acquisition of nitrogen
Nitrogen use efficiency
Crop yield where N supply is limiting
Achieving high yield: resource capture and assimilate partitioning
Physiology of crop quality
Wheat: protein content
Soybean: oil and protein contents
Oilseed rape: glucosinolates and erucic acid
Potato: tuber size and processing quality
The quality of conserved forages: ontogeny and yield
The simulation modelling of crops
Building a crop model
Crop models of wheat (AFRC2), soybean (CROPGRO) and maize
The AFRC2 wheat model
The CROPGRO soybean model
The maize model
Modelling variety differences and traits
Crop physiology: the future
Lowering inputs
Climate change
New crops
The potential for increasing crop photosynthesis and yield
The last words