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Decentralization and Reform in Africa

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ISBN-10: 1402071183

ISBN-13: 9781402071188

Edition: 2002

Authors: Sylvain H. Boko

List price: $209.00
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This book aims to examine the impact of fiscal decentralization on subnational resource mobilization capacity, and on macroeconomic stability, in four African countries. Field research conducted in Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana and Mali, constituted the basis for a rigorous and detailed examination of the decentralization process in each country. One of the intriguing findings is that increased subnational tax autonomy significantly reduces the size of the central government and improves the central government budget balance in the sample countries. Recommendations are: (a) the design and implementation of decentralization mechanisms must be based on the principles of stability, transparency, accountability, and equity; (b) frequent dialogue between the central and sub-national governments, and an active association and cooperation of local and regional levels of government in the formulation of macroeconomic objectives will improve the chances of successful decentralization programs; (c) authorities must heighten their campaigns to educate local populations on decentralization reforms. Full and educated participation of all citizens at the grassroots level is critical to the success of decentralization programs. In all, the book focuses its analysis on the capacity of local communities in Africa for autonomous development and self-governance, and that, is a refreshing addition to the literature.
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Book details

List price: $209.00
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Springer
Publication date: 6/30/2002
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 143
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.880
Language: English

List of Tables and Figures
Decentralization: definitions, theories and debate
Types of Decentralization
Administrative Decentralization
Political Decentralization
Fiscal Decentralization
Economic or Market Decentralization
The Theoretical Debate on Decentralization
Can Decentralization Destabilize Economic Reform?
The General Structure of Decentralization in Mali and Ghana
The Country at a Glance
The Political Environment
Economic Development
Constitutional Reforms and the Structure of Decentralization
Structure of Local Representation
Powers and Responsibilities of the Various Levels of Government
The Powers of Community Councils
The Power of the Circle Councils
The Power of the Regional Assemblies
Of the Relationship Between the Central Government and subnational governments
On the Particular Status of Bamako
The Country at a Glance
The Political Context
The Economic Context
The Current Macroeconomic Situation
The Background to the Current Decentralization Process
Constitutional Reforms and Decentralization
The Configuration of Local Government and Governance
On Local District Finances and the Creation of a Common Fund
Of the Influence of Central Government on Local Affairs
The General Structure of Decentralization in Burkina Faso and Benin
Burkina Faso
The Country at a Glance
Political Environment and Economic Context
Constitutional Reform and Decentralization in Burkina Faso
The Structure of Decentralization in Burkina Faso
Configuration of Local Leadership
At the provincial level
At the commune level
Of the relationship between the State and local communities
On the new responsibilities devolved to the local level
On cities with particular status
A Brief Historical Background
Current Economic Conditions
Constitutional Requirements and Decentralization in Benin
Decentralization, Deconcentration and Intergovernmental Relations
The Configuration of the Decentralized Sub-national Governments
On the Particular Status of the Three Largest Cities
The General Structure of Fiscal Decentralization in Four African Countries
General Considerations
Designing a Fiscal Decentralization Program
The Role and Impact of International Development Aid
The Structure of Fiscal Decentralization in Mali
Intergovernmental and International Transfers and Decentralization in Mali
The Structure of Fiscal Decentralization in Ghana
Recurrent Expenditure Transfers (or Personnel Emoluments)
Ceded Revenue
District Assemblies' Common Fund
The Common Fund Sharing Formula (as Submitted to Parliament for year 2001-2002)
The Estimated Impact of the Common Fund in the Local Districts of Ghana
The Common Fund as a Political Instruments for Members of Parliament
On the Fiscal Decentralization Project (Ministry of Finance) in Ghana
The Structure of Fiscal Decentralization in Burkina Faso
Intergovernmental and International Transfers and Decentralization in Burkina Faso
The Structure of Fiscal Decentralization in Benin
Intergovernmental and International Transfers and Decentralization in Benin
Empirical Evidence on Fiscal Decentralization in Four African Countries
Understanding the Data
Quality Indicators of Fiscal Decentralization
The Quantitative Indicators
The Municipal Development Program Methodology
Sub-National Tax Recovery
Sub-National Tax Autonomy
Sources of Local Communities' Revenue
A Case Study of Benin
A Case Study of Burkina Faso
A Case Study of Mali
A Case Study of Ghana
Local Communities Expenditures
Structure of Local Communities Expenditures
The Macroeconomic Impacts of Fiscal Decentralization
General Considerations
Statistical Evidence on Intergovernmental Coordination Failures
Analyzing the Data
Graphical Analysis
Regression Analysis
Conclusions and Recommendations
On the Fiscal Strength of Local Communities
Some Suggestions on Improving Intergovernmental Fiscal Coordination
On Local Government Borrowing Capabilities
The importance of Associating Local Governments to Central Government Decision-making Process
Final Remarks
List of Abbreviations