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Traffic Theory

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ISBN-10: 1402070950

ISBN-13: 9781402070952

Edition: 2002

Authors: Denos C. Gazis

List price: $199.99
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Description:

Traffic Theory describes and illustrates the key models of traffic flow and associated traffic phenomena such as conflicts in traffic, traffic generation and assignment, and traffic control. The use of these various models are explored both in terms of how they have improved traffic systems over the years and how better implementation of these models can accelerate the successful deployment of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). Furthermore, the book outlines opportunities for development of additional models needed for continued improvement of ITS. The book is intended as a textbook for a college Transportation Science curriculum, and as a reference book for researchers in…    
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Book details

List price: $199.99
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Springer
Publication date: 6/30/2002
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 259
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

Traffic Flow Theories
Macroscopic Traffic Flow Theory--Kinematic Waves in Traffic
Shock waves
Flow versus concentration relationships
The Boltzman-like Model of Traffic
The two-fluid model of traffic
Microscopic Traffic Flow Theory--Car-Following Models
Local stability
Asymptotic stability
Acceleration noise
Non-linear car-following models
Some Questionable Paradoxes
The Smeed paradox
The Braess paradox
Additional Flow Theory Work, and Future Challenges
Queueing and Delays at Isolated Intersections
Traffic Characteristics
The Gap Acceptance Function
The Delay to a Single Car
Delays to Pedestrians
Queueing and Delays of Vehicles
The Delay at a Traffic Signal
Evaluation of delays
Optimization of traffic signal settings
The vehicle-actuated traffic signal
Traffic Control
Objectives of Traffic Control
Single, Isolated Intersection
Synchronization Schemes for Arterial Traffic
A mixed integer-linear programming approach
The effect of queues on progression
The TRANSYT method
The Combination method
The SIGOP program
Traffic Responsive Operation of Traffic Lights
Single intersection
Systems of intersections
Additional contributions: The SCOOT program
The OPAC, PRODYN, CRONOS, and COP programs
The Onset of Oversaturation
Oversaturated Systems
A single oversaturated intersection
Complex oversaturated systems
Oversaturated Store-and-Forward Networks
Freeway Control
Systems Affected by Geometric Details
Traffic Generation, Distribution, and Assignment
Network Representation of a Transportation System
Trip Generation and Distribution
Trip generation
Trip distribution
Time-Independent Traffic Assignment
Deterministic traffic assignment models
Discrete choice, stochastic, models
Global Network Optimization Models
Dynamic Traffic Assignment
Traffic Assignment in Congested Systems
Delivery of traveller information services
Application of Kalman Filtering for Density Estimation in Traffic Networks
Index