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Discovery of the Artificial Behavior, Mind and Machines Before and Beyond Cybernetics

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ISBN-10: 1402006063

ISBN-13: 9781402006067

Edition: 2002

Authors: Roberto Cordeschi

List price: $219.99
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Description:

Researchers in cybernetics and AI, neural nets and connectionism, ALife and new robotics have endeavoured to build different machines that can simulate functions of living organisms. In this text these research programmes are discussed.
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Book details

List price: $219.99
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Springer
Publication date: 7/31/2002
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 314
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.628
Language: English

Acknowledgements
Introduction
Chemical machines and action systems
Introduction. Living organisms and machines
Loeb and the orientation mechanisms of Hammond: "natural" and "artificial" machines
The dispute over automata after Huxley. "Automatic" and "plastic" regulation of behavior
Jennings and the action system
Machines and functional organization
Men, animals and machines. Reductionism and mentalistic language
Nervous conduction: early connectionism, physical analogies and machines
Introduction. Neurological hypotheses and machines
Nervous conduction as drainage: Spencer, james and McDougall
Meyer's drainage theory and the limits of mechanical analogy
Thorndike and the origins of connectionism
Inorganic nervous systems: Bent Russell's machine
Other ideas about nervous conduction
Engineers' machines and biologists' machines
Stephens' connectionist machine
The Robot Approach
Introduction. Forms of learning
Simulating learning processes
Rashevsky's physics of mind
Automatism and rudimentary forms of thought
"Ultra-automatism." Hull's "psychic" machine
The advent of robotics and developments of Hull's simulation method
What happened to the robot approach?
Behavior, purpose and teleology
Introduction. Teleological explanations
Adaptation as equilibration. Lillie and the "reconciliation" of teleology with science
Warren and teleology as a scientific problem
Purpose in the natural world and in artefacts
True and derivative teleology
Learning and teleology: Perry, McDougall and Tolman
Craik's symbolic theory of thought and synthetic method
Learning and feedback
Cybernetics and the origins of Artificial Intelligence
Introduction. The turning point
Cybernetic robotics
Mechanical models and theories of behavior
The intelligent computer
The origins of Artificial Intelligence
New steps towards the artificial
Introduction: symbols or neurons?
Meaning and knowledge: some difficulties for AI
Common-sense problems for computers
The origins of cognitive science. Old and new connectionism
Artificial Life and the development of robotics
The many forms of the artificial
Five theses on the artificial
Some initial distinctions
The modeling method and functionalism
Representations and mentalistic language
The discovery of the artificial: hopes, defeats and successes
References
List of machines
Name Index
Subject Index