Carl Crandell has been an associate professor in the Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders at the University of Florida since 1994. He obtained his doctorate from Vanderbilt University in 1989 in Audiology. His research has been focused in how the effects of environmental distortion and room acoustics affect various populationsï¿½ speech recognition. He is working to create appropriate acoustical standards.
Joseph Smaldino is a professor at Northern Illinois University, where his research is focused on Classroom Amplification, Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR), Efficacy of Hearing Aid Fittings, and Otoacoustic Emissions. He has been a leader in developing the role of the educational audiologist.