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Case Study Research in Software Engineering Guidelines and Examples

ISBN-10: 1118104358

ISBN-13: 9781118104354

Edition: 2012

Authors: Martin Host, Austen Rainer, Bjorn Regnell, Per Runeson

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Description:

This is the first software engineering specific book on the case study research method. Based on the authors′ own experiences of in–depth case studies of software projects in international corporations, the book presents detailed practical guidelines on the preparation, conduct, design, and reporting of case studies of software engineering. The authors use real–world experience from studies at IBM and Sony Ericsson to support their theories and provide research solutions applicable to current industry. The book is aimed at researchers and students (postgraduate/Masters, doctoral students, and postdoctoral students up to senior researchers) in software engineering.
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Book details

Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Limited
Publication date: 4/19/2012
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 256
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgments
Case Study Methodology
Introduction
What is a Case Study?
A Brief History of Case Studies in Software Engineering
Why a Book on Case Studies of Software Engineering?
Conclusion
Background and Definition of Concepts
Introduction
Research Strategies
Characteristics of Research Strategies
Purpose
Control and Data
Triangulation
Replication
Inductive and Deductive Enquiries
What Makes a Good Case Study?
When is the Case Study Strategy Feasible?
Case Study Research Process
Conclusion
Design of the Case Study
Introduction
Elements of the Case Study Design
Rationale for the Study
Objective of the Study
Cases and Units of Analyses
Theoretical Framework
Research Questions
Propositions and Hypotheses
Concepts
Methods of Data Collection
Methods of Data Analysis
Case Selection
Selection of Data
Data Definition and Data Storage
Quality Control and Assurance
Maintaining the Case Study Protocol
Reporting and Disseminating the Case Study
Legal, Ethical, and Professional Issues
Conclusion
Data Collection
Introduction
Different Types of Data Source
Classification of Data Sources
Data Source Selection
Interviews
Planning Interviews
The Interview Session
Postinterview Activities
Focus groups
Observations
Archival Data
Metrics
Conclusion
Data Analysis and Interpretation
Introduction
Analysis of Data in Flexible Research
Introduction
Level of Formalism
Relation to Hypotheses
Process for Qualitative Data Analysis
Introduction
Steps in the Analysis
Techniques
Tool support
Validity
Construct Validity
Internal Validity
External Validity
Reliability
Improving Validity
Quantitative Data Analysis
Conclusion
Reporting and Dissemination
Introduction
Why Report and Disseminate
The Audience for the Report
Aspects of the Case Study to Report and Disseminate
When to Report and Disseminate
Guidelines on Reporting
The Generic Content of an Academic Report
Reporting Recommendations from Evaluative Case Studies
Reporting to Stakeholders, Including Sponsor(s)
Reporting the Context of the Case Study
Reporting to Students
Ad Hoc and Impromptu Reporting
Formats and Structures for a Report
Where to Report
Ethics and Confidentiality
Conclusion
Scaling Up Case Study Research to Real-World Software Practice
Introduction
The Aims of Scaling up Case Studies
Dimensions of Scale
Longitudinal Case Studies
Multiple Case Studies
Multiple Cases and Replications
Selecting the Cases
Multiresearcher Case Studies
Conclusion
Using Case Study Research
Introduction
Reading and Reviewing Case Studies
Development of Checklists
Checklists for Conducting Case Study Research
Checklists for Reading and Reviewing Case Studies
Development of Practice
Identifying and Synthesizing Use Case Research
Identifying Primary Studies
Synthesis of Evidence from Multiple Case Studies
Current State of Synthesis
The Economics of Case Study Research
Costs and Benefits of Evaluation Techniques
Evaluation of the DESMET Methodology
Frameworks for Organizing Methods of Evaluation
Specializing Case Study Research for Software Engineering
The Longitudinal Chronological Case Study Research Strategy
Controlled Case Studies
Case Studies and Software Process Improvement
Conclusion
Examples of Case Studies
Introduction to Case Study Examples
Introduction
Case Study of Extreme Programming in a Stage�Gate Context
Introduction
Methodological Status
Case Study Design
Rationale
Objectives
Cases and Units of Analysis
Theoretical Frame of Reference
Research Questions
Planning
Methods of Data Collection
Selection of Data
Case Selection Strategy
Case Study Protocol
Ethical Considerations
Data Collection
Data Analysis
Threats to Validity
Reporting
Academics
Practitioners
Lessons Learned
Two Longitudinal Case Studies of Software Project Management
Introduction
Background to the Research Project
Case Study Design and Planning
Rationale
Objective
Definition of the Case
Units of Analyses
Theoretical Frame of Reference and Research Questions
Case Selection
Replication Strategy
Case Study Protocol
Quality Assurance, Validity, and Reliability
Legal, Ethical, and Professional Considerations
Data Collection
Sources of Data
Data Analysis
Reporting
Internal Reporting of Results
Dissemination of Artifacts
Lessons Learned
An Iterative Case Study of Quality Monitoring
Introduction
Case Study Design
Objectives
Cases and Units of Analysis
Theoretical Frame of Reference
Research Questions
Planning
Methods of Data Collection
Case Selection Strategy
Case Study Protocol
Ethical Considerations
Data Collection
Exploratory Study
Confirmatory Study
Explanatory Study
Data Analysis
Reporting
Lessons Learned
A Case Study of the Evaluation of Requirements Management Tools
Introduction
Design of the Case Study
Rationale
Objective
The Case and Its Context
The Units of Analyses
Theoretical Framework
Research Questions
Propositions, Concepts, and Measures
Case Study Protocol
Methods of Data Collection
Methods of Data Analysis
Case Selection Strategy
Data Selection Strategy
Replication Strategy
Quality Assurance, Validity, and Reliability
Data Collection
Data Analysis
Reporting and Dissemination
Lessons Learned
A Large-Scale Case Study of Requirements and Verification Alignment
Introduction
Case Study Design
Rationale
Objectives
Cases and Units of Analysis
Theoretical Frame of Reference
Research Questions
Planning
Methods of Data Collection
Case Selection Strategy
Selection of Data
Case Study Protocol
Ethical Considerations
Data Collection
Data Analysis
Lessons Learned
Effort Estimation Lessons
Design and Planning Lessons
Data Collection Lessons
Data Analysis Lessons
Reporting Lessons
A General Lesson
Epilogue
Checklists for Reading and Reviewing Case Studies
Design of the Case Study
Data Collection
Data Analysis and Interpretation
Reporting and Dissemination
Reader�s Checklist
Example Interview Instrument (XP)
Example Interview Instrument (REVV)
Example of a Coding Guide
Coding Instructions
Codes
High Level Codes: Research Questions
Medium Level Codes: Categories
Coding Example
Example of a Consent Information Letter