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Handbook on Material and Energy Balance Calculations in Materials Processing

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ISBN-10: 1118065654

ISBN-13: 9781118065655

Edition: 3rd 2011

Authors: Arthur E. Morris, H. Alan Fine, Gordon H. Geiger

List price: $159.95
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Description:

This book approaches the subject of material and energy balances from two directions. First, it emphasizes the fundamental principles of the conservation of mass and energy, and the consequences of these two principles. Second it applies the techniques of computational chemistry to materials processing, and introduces new software developed by the author especially for material and heat balances. The third edition reflects the changes in the professional engineer's practice in the last 30 years, reflecting the dramatic shift away from metallurgical engineering and the extractive industry towards materials engineering. A large and growing number of recent graduates are employed in such fields as semiconductor processing, environmental engineering, and the production and processing of advanced and exotic materials for aerospace, electronic and structural applications. The advance in computing power and software for the desktop computer has significantly changed the way engineers make computations, and the biggest change comes from the computational approach used to solve problems. The spreadsheet program Excel is used extensively throughout the text as the main computational "engine" for solving material and energy balance equations, and for statistical analysis of data. The use of Excel and the introduction of the add-in programs enables the study of a range of variables on critical process parameters, and emphasis is placed on multi-device flowsheets with recycle, bypass, and purge streams whose material and heat balance equations were previously too complicated to solve by the normally-used hand calculator. The Excel-based program FlowBal helps the user set up material and heat balance equations for processes with multiple streams and units.
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Book details

List price: $159.95
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 9/6/2011
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 640
Size: 8.75" wide x 11.30" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 3.916
Language: English

Preface to the First Edition
Preface to the Third Edition
Acknowledgements
Dimensions, Units, and Conversion Factors
The SI System of Units
The American Engineering System (AES) of Units
Conversion of Units
Unit Conversions Using the U-Converter Program
Amount of Substance � the Mole Unit
Density and Concentration
Electrical Units
Calculation Guidelines
Summary
Thermophysical and Related Properties of Materials
State of a System and Properties of a Substance
The Gibbs Physical Rule
The Gas Phase
Condensed Phases
Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium (VLE)
Effect of Pressure on Phase Transformation Temperatures
Stream and Air Property Calculators
Properties of Solutions
Summary
Statistical Concepts Applied to Measurement and Sampling
Basic Statistical Concepts and Descriptive Tools
Distributions of Random Variables
Basic Applications of Inferential Statistics to Measurement
Curve Fitting
Experimental Design
Summary
Fundamentals of Materials Balances with Applications to Non-Reacting Systems
System Characteristics
Process Classifications
Flowsheets
The General Balance Equation
Material Balances on Simple Non-Reactive Systems
Strategy for Making Material Balance Calculations
Degree-of-Freedom Analysis
Using Excel-based Calculations Tools to Solve Equations
Balances on Systems with Multiple Devices
Extension of Excel�s Calculational Tools for Repetitive Solving
Special Multiple-Device Configurations I � Recycle and Bypass
Special Multiple-Device Configurations II � Counter-Current Flow
Using FlowBal for Material Balance Calculations
Continuous-Mixing Devices
Graphical Representation of Material Balances
Measures of Performance
Controllers
Summary
Stoichiometry and the Chemical Equation
Use of Chemical Reactions in FlowBal
Balancing Aqueous (Ionic) Reactions
Summary
Reactive Material Balances
Time-Varying Processes
Systems Containing Aqueous Electrolytes
Summary
Energy and the First Law of Thermodynamics
The Use of FREED in Making Heat Balances
Heat of Solution
Summary
Enthalpy Balances in Non-Reactive Systems
Graphical Representation of a Heat Balance
Summary
System Balances on Reactive Processes
Case Studies
Material Balance for an H-Iron Reduction Process with Gas Tempering and Recycle
Mass and Heat Balance Simulation for the Use of DRI in EAF Steelmaking
Natural Gas Combustion Control and the Wobbe Index
Reduction of Hematite to Magnetite
Conversion of Quartz to Cristobalite in a Fluidized Bed