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Regimes of Ethnicity and Nationhood in Germany, Russia, and Turkey

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ISBN-10: 1107614252

ISBN-13: 9781107614253

Edition: 2012

Authors: Şener Akt�rk

List price: $20.99
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Description:

This is a book about what it meant to be German, Soviet, Russian, and Turkish in the twentieth century, and how that definition radically changed at the turn of the twenty-first century. Germany's ethnic citizenship law, the Soviet Union's inscription of ethnic origins in personal identification documents, and Turkey's prohibition on the public use of minority languages, all put in place in the early twentieth century, underpinned the definition of nationhood in these countries. Despite many challenges from political and societal actors, these policies did not change for many decades, until around the turn of the twenty-first century, when Russia removed ethnicity from the internal passport, Germany changed its citizenship law, and Turkish public television began to broadcast in minority languages. How did such tremendous changes occur? Using a new typology of "regimes of ethnicity" and a close study of primary documents and numerous interviews, Sener Akturk argues that the coincidence of three key factors - counterelites, new discourses, and hegemonic majorities - explains successful change in state policies toward ethnicity.
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Book details

List price: $20.99
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 11/12/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 321
Size: 6.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.034
Language: English

Sener Akturk is an Assistant Professor at Ko� University in Istanbul. He holds degrees from the University of Chicago (BA, MA) and the University of California, Berkeley (MA, PhD). He has spent extended periods in Vienna, Berlin and Moscow for language study and doctoral research. Prior to his current appointment, he was a postdoctoral Fellow at the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies and a visiting lecturer in the Department of Government at Harvard University. He is a recipient of a Marie Curie International Reintegration Grant from the European Commission. He has published more than thirty articles in international and national refereed academic journals including World Politics, Post-Soviet Affairs, the European Journal of Sociology, Middle Eastern Studies, Nationalities Papers, Ab Imperio, Turkish Studies, Insight Turkey and Theoria. He has authored chapters in various edited books published in Turkey, Russia, Hungary and the United States.

Theoretical Framework and Empirical Overview
Regimes of ethnicity: comparative analysis of Germany, Soviet Union, post-Soviet Russia, and Turkey
Germany
The challenges to the monoethnic regime in Germany, 1955-1982
The construction of an assimilationist discourse and political hegemony: transition from a monoethnic to an antiethnic regime in Germany, 1982-2000
Turkey
Challenges to the ethnicity regime in Turkey: Alevi and Kurdish demands for recognition, 1923-1980
From social democracy to Islamic multiculturalism: failed and successful attempts to reform the ethnicity regime in Turkey, 1980-2009
Soviet Union and the Russian Federation
The nation that wasn't there?: Sovetskii narod discourse, nation-building, and passport ethnicity, 1953-1983
Ethnic diversity and state-building in post-Soviet Russia: removal of ethnicity from the internal passport and its aftermath, 1992-2008
Conclusion
Dynamics of persistence and change in ethnicity regimes