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Market Theory and the Price System

ISBN-10: 0865977607

ISBN-13: 9780865977600

Edition: 2011

Authors: Israel Kirzner

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"Market Theory and the Price System" was published in 1963 as Kirzner's first (and only) textbook. This volume presents an integrated view of Austrian price theory. The basic aim of the book is to utilise the tools of economic reasoning to explain the market process. The unique framework Kirzner develops for microeconomic analysis, following Mises and Hayek, examines error in decision-making, entrepreneurial profit, and competition as a process of discovery and learning.
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Book details

Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: Liberty Fund, Incorporated
Publication date: 5/24/2011
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 372
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.342

Introduction to the Liberty Fund Edition
The Nature and Tasks of Market Theory
The Individual and the Market
The Market System
The Foundations of Market Theory
The Individual and Economic Behavior
Economic Theory and Economic Reality
Market Theory, Economic Theory, and Economics
The Market: Its Structure and Operation
The Conditions Under Which the Market Operates
Market Roles
The Structure of the Market System: Vertical Relationships
The Structure of the Market System: Horizontal Relationships
The Analysis of Human Action in the Market: The Concept of Equilibrium
Complete and Incomplete Equilibrium
The Pattern of Market Adjustment
The Changing Market
The Market System as a Whole
Efficiency, Coordination, and the Market Economy
The Economic Problem
Society and the Economic Problem
The Problem of Coordination
How the Market Solves the Problems of Coordination
The Coordinating Function of Profits in a Market Economy
Utility Theory
The Scale of Values
Marginal Utility
Diminishing Marginal Utility
The Marginal Utilities of Related Goods
Marginal Utility-Some Further Remarks
Marginal Utility and the Conditions for Exchange
Consumer Income Allocation
Marginal Utility and the Allocation of Income
The Position of Consumer's Equilibrium
A Geometrical Illustration
The Effects of Changes
The Individual Demand Curve
Some Remarks on Expectations
Market Demand
Market Demand
The Market Demand Curve
Demand Elasticity
Measures of Elasticity
Market Demand as Seen by the Individual Entrepreneur
Demand and Revenue
Demand and the Prices of Other Goods
Demand as a Market Force
Market Process in a Pure Exchange Economy
The Nature of Competition
A Simple Case of Price Competition
Simple Price Competition Without Perfect Knowledge
The Market for Several Non-Producible Goods: The Problem
The Equilibrium Situation for the Multi-Commodity Market
The Multi-Commodity Market Without Perfect Knowledge
Monopoly in a Pure Exchange Market
The Agitation of the Market
Production Theory
The Economic Aspect of Production
Production by the Isolated Individual
Production in Society
Production in the Market Economy
Factors of Production
Production Functions and Isoquants
The Shape of the Isoquant and the Substitutability of Factors
Changes in Factor Proportions, and Changes in the Scale of Factor Employment
Returns to Scale
The Laws of Variable Proportions: The Problem
The Laws of Variable Proportions
Economic Implications of the Laws of Variable Proportions
The Least-Cost Combination
Graphic Illustration of the Least-Cost Combination
Costs and Supply
Costs and Rents
Opportunity Costs and Supply Theory
Prospective and Retrospective Costs
Capital Goods and Cost Theory
Factor Divisibility and Short-Run Per-Unit Costs
Short-Run Costs and Their Effect on Supply
Long-Run Costs and Supply
Factor Prices and Supply
Partial Market Processes-The Determination of Product Prices and Factor Prices
The Market for a Single Product
Long-Run Equilibrium
Short-Run Equilibrium in the Single-Product Market
Equilibrium in the Single-Product Market in the Very Short Run
Adjustment to Change in a Market for a Single Product
The Market Process in a Market for a Single Product
The Market for a Single Factor of Production Equilibrium in a Factor Market
The Market Process in a Market for a Single Factor of Production
Toward the General Market Process
The General Market Process
A Preliminary Model
The Preliminary Model and the General Model
General Market Equilibrium Conditions
A General Market in Disequilibrium
Disequilibrium in the General Market and Entrepreneurial Opportunities
Entrepreneurial Activity and the General Market Process
Partial Analysis and the Analysis of a General Market
Toward Further Extensions of the General Market Model
Monopoly and Competition in the General Market
The Monopolized Resource
The Resource Cartel
Restriction of Supply: A Special Case
Combinations of Resource Buyers
Monopoly in Production
The Consequences of Monopoly Output Restriction
The Monopolist-Producer as a Resource Buyer
Further Remarks on Monopolized Products
The Single Producer Without Monopoly
Some Remarks on the Model of �Pure� or �Perfect � Competition
Monopolistic Price Discrimination
The Price System and the Allocation of Resources
The Possible Levels of �Welfare� Appraisal
Misallocation of a Resource in a Market System
Imperfect Knowledge, the Source of Resource Misallocation
Prices, Profits, and the Reallocation of Resources
The Entrepreneur and Resource Allocation
Resource Mobility and the Allocation Pattern
Monopoly as an Obstacle to Correct Resource Allocation
Artificial Obstacles to Correct Resource Allocation
Appendix: The Application of Market Theory to Multi-Period Planning
Multi-Period Decisions in the Pure Exchange Economy
The Intertemporal Market
Speculation as an Aspect of Intertemporal Markets
Multi-Period Decisions of Producers
The Place of Capital Goods in Production