NMR for Physical and Biological Scientists

ISBN-10: 0815341032

ISBN-13: 9780815341031

Edition: 2017

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Description:

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy is a dynamic way for scientists of all kinds to investigate the physical, chemical, and biological properties of matter. Its many applications make it a versatile tool previously subject to monolithic treatment in reference-style texts. Based on a course taught for over ten years at Brandeis University, this is the first textbook on NMR spectroscopy for a one-semester course or self-instruction. In keeping with the authors' efforts to make it a useful textbook, they have included problems at the end of each chapter. The book not only covers the latest developments in the field, such as GOESY (Gradient Enhanced Overhauser Spectroscopy) and multidimensional NMR, but includes practical examples using real spectra and associated problem sets. Assuming the reader has a background of chemistry, physics and calculus, this textbook will be ideal for graduate students in chemistry and biochemistry, as well as biology, physics, and biophysics. NMR for Physical andBiological Scientists will also be useful to medical schools, research facilities, and the many chemical, pharmaceutical, and biotech firms that offer in-house instruction on NMR spectroscopy.
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Book details

List price: $109.00
Copyright year: 2017
Publisher: Garland Publishing, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/2/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 372
Size: 8.75" wide x 11.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.848

Preface
Symbols and fundamental constants
What is spectroscopy?
A semiclassical description of spectroscopy
Damped harmonics
Quantum oscillators
The spectroscopic experiment
Ensembles and coherence
Types of spectroscopy
Practical considerations in spectroscopy
Acquiring a spectrum
Resolution: the problem of line width
Line shape
Problems
Elementary aspects of NMR: I. Introduction to spins, ensemble behavior and coupling
Nuclear and electronic spin
The quantum picture of nuclear spin
The "spinning top" model of nuclear spin
Spin-state populations in ensembles
Nuclear shielding and chemical shift
Scalar coupling
Dipolar coupling
Dynamics
J-coupling time scale, decoupling experiments and exchange decoupling
Interaction between nuclear spins and radio-frequency (RF) EMR: 1. RF decoupling
Problems
Elementary aspects of NMR: II. Fourier transform NMR
Interaction between nuclear spins and RF: 2. A single spin in the rotating frame of reference
Interaction between nuclear spins and RF: 3. An ensemble of spins in the rotating frame of reference
Detection of an NMR signal
Time-domain detection in the NMR experiment: the free induction decay and quadrature detection
Digitization of the free induction decay
Fourier transformation: time-domain FID to frequency-domain spectrum
Discrete Fourier transformation
Spectral phasing
RF pulses and pulse phase
Pulse power and off-resonance effects from RF pulses
Phase cycling: improved quadrature detection using CYCLOPS
Factors affecting spectral quality and appearance: shimming, window functions and apodization
After the fact: window functions and zero filling
Linear prediction
Problems
References
Nuclear spin relaxation and the nuclear Overhauser effect
Longitudinal (T[subscript 1]) relaxation and the sensitivity of the NMR experiment
Transverse (T[subscript 2]) relaxation and the spin-echo experiment
Chemical shift and J-coupling evolution during the spin echo
Mechanisms of nuclear spin relaxation in liquids and the spectral density function
Dipolar relaxation and the nuclear Overhauser effect
NOE measurements, indirect NOEs and saturation transfer
Heteronuclear NOE and the Solomon equation
Other contributions to T[subscript 1] relaxation: chemical shift anisotropy, spin-rotation and paramagnetic effects
Quadrupolar relaxation
Selective and nonselective T[subscript 1] measurement and multi-exponential decay of coherence
Problems
References
Classical and quantum descriptions of NMR experiments in liquids
The classical approach: the Bloch equations of motion for macroscopic magnetization
Classical description of a pulsed NMR experiment
A quantum mechanical description of NMR of a single spin in an isotropic liquid
A quantum mechanical description of NMR of coupled spins in an isotropic liquid
The time-dependent nuclear spin Hamiltonian operator and solutions to the time-dependent Schrodinger equation
Problems
References
Density operator and product operator descriptions of NMR experiments in liquids
An ensemble of identical spins at equilibrium: an introduction to the density matrix formalism
Expansion of the density matrix for an uncoupled spin in terms of Cartesian angular momentum operators
Weakly coupled ensembles and the weak-coupling approximation
Single-element operators for a two-spin system
Interconversion between the single-element and the Cartesian operator bases
Evolution of Cartesian operators under the influence of pulses, chemical shift and J-coupling
Evolution of operators with weak J-coupling
Analysis of a simple NMR spectrum using product operators
Problems
References
Multidimensional NMR: homonuclear experiments and coherence selection
A simple two-dimensional NMR experiment
Coherence transfer in multidimensional NMR
The COSY experiment
Quadrature detection in multidimensional NMR
Axial peaks
Phase cycling and coherence order selection: the DQF-COSY experiment
Other multiple-quantum filters in COSY
Multiple-quantum spectroscopy
Effect of [pi] pulses on coherence
Pulsed-field gradients for coherence selection
The gradient COSY experiment
"Zero-quantum filtered COSY": NOESY and incoherent transfer
Rotating frame NOEs: CAMELSPIN and ROESY
Spin-locking experiments for coherence transfer: TOCSY and composite pulse decoupling
Problems
References
Heteronuclear correlations in NMR
Heteronuclear polarization transfer and the INEPT experiment
Refocused INEPT
Two-dimensional polarization transfer: HETCOR
Sensitive nucleus (inverse) detection of an insensitive nucleus: the double INEPT or HSQC experiment
Multiple-quantum approaches to heteronuclear correlation: DEPT and HMQC
Gradient coherence selection in heteronuclear correlation NMR
Phase-sensitive gradient coherence selection experiments for heteronuclear correlations
Sensitivity enhancement in gradient coherence selection experiments
Problems
References
Building blocks for multidimensional NMR and special considerations for biological applications of NMR
Polarization transfer
Solvent suppression
Frequency-labeling periods and constant time NMR experiments
Shaped and selective pulses
Composite pulse decoupling and spin-locking
Dealing with very large biomolecules in solution: deuteration and direct [superscript 13]C detection
Interference patterns in heteronuclear relaxation: TROSY
Problems
References
NMR under anisotropic conditions: NMR in the solid state and ordered fluids
Anisotropy in NMR: chemical shielding and dipolar coupling
Resolving the solid-state NMR spectrum: magic angle spinning (MAS) and high-power [superscript 1]H decoupling
Cross-polarization for signal enhancement of dilute spins and spin-spin correlations
Selective reintroduction of dipolar couplings between dilute spins: rotational resonance, RFDR, and REDOR
Heteronuclear two-dimensional techniques in solid-state NMR
Solid-state NMR using oriented samples: PISEMA
Bringing a little order to solution NMR: residual dipolar couplings and CSA in ordered fluids
Analysis of residual dipolar couplings
Problems
References
Relaxation revisited: dynamic processes and paramagnetism
Time scales of molecular motion, dynamic processes and relaxation
The spectral density revisited
Experimental measurement of heteronuclear relaxation parameters in proteins
Model-free analysis of spin relaxation
Chemical exchange and motion on slow and intermediate time scales (10-[superscript 6] s-10-[superscript 1] s)
Measurement of R[subscript ex]
Quadrupolar relaxation
Hyperfine interactions and paramagnetic shifts of nuclear spins
Paramagnetic relaxation of nuclear spins
Relaxation and the density matrix
Problems
References
Diffusion, imaging, and flow
Magnetic field inhomogeneity, T[subscript 2]([subscript macro]) and diffusion measurement by NMR
Basic imaging concepts: phase and frequency encoding of position in a macroscopic sample
Spatially selective pulses
Spatial equivalents of NMR parameters
Basic two-dimensional imaging sequences
k-Space
Contrast and contrast agents, relaxation, and flow
Rapid-scan MRI: echo-planar imaging and one-shot methods
Problems
References
Time-dependent perturbations
The time-dependent Schrodinger equation and superposition states
Hilbert space, eigenvectors, and superposition of states
Perturbation theory: time-dependent perturbations of the Hamiltonian
Semiclassical interactions between EMR and quantum oscillators using perturbation theory
Density matrix formalism and the relaxation supermatrix
A density matrix description of the [superscript 1]H, [superscript 15]N HMQC experiment
RF pulses
Time evolution of the density matrix with chemical shift and coupling
Semiclassical relaxation theory and the Redfield relaxation matrix
Index
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