Science Encounters the Indian, 1820-1880 The Early Years of American Ethnology

ISBN-10: 0806135719

ISBN-13: 9780806135717

Edition: N/A

Authors: Robert E. Bieder

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Early nineteenth-century ethnologists viewed the American Indians through a prism of intellectual arguments inherited from European Enlightenment thinkers. From that perspective, the Indians were seen as an inferior race whose primitive existence stemmed from an adverse environment, and whose "progress" depended on the civilizing effects of education and an altered physical environment. The evolution away from that view, in the face of new physical evidence and changing cultural perceptions, is the theme of this in-depth study of five ethnologists whose research and writing paralleled the development of nineteenth-century ethnology in the United States. The five major figures were Albert Gallatin, Samuel G. Morton, Ephraim G. Squier, Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, and Lewis Henry Morgan. Much more than biology, this study explores the social and intellectual context within which these scientists proposed their theories, as well as the significance of those theories for the crucial issues of Indian advancement, intermarriage and origins. It is also a history of the emerging profession of ethnology, in which scholars debated the Indian's potential for civilization, organized professional societies, and sought avenues to publish their unusual research. Distinguished anthropologist Raymond D. Fogelson says of this groundbreaking work by Robert E. Bieder: "It covers in comprehensive and comprehensible fashion the backgrounds that produced a distinctive American ethnology and its later professionalization. Subsequent research will be footnotes to Bieder's magnificent effort. The scholarship is impeccable. It is one of those books of lasting value."
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Book details

List price: $24.95
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
Publication date: 5/12/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 304
Size: 5.50" wide x 8.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 0.946
Language: English

Robert E. Bieder is Research Associate and Adjunct Professor at the School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University, Indiana, USA. He is the author of many books and articles on North American natural history, folklore and ethnology.

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