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Solid State Chemistry An Introduction

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ISBN-10: 0748740686

ISBN-13: 9780748740680

Edition: 2nd 1995 (Revised)

Authors: Lesley Smart, Elaine Moore

List price: $49.95
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Book details

List price: $49.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 1995
Publisher: CRC Press LLC
Publication date: 6/27/1995
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 404
Size: 6.06" wide x 9.13" long x 0.87" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

An Introduction to Crystal Structures
Introduction
Close-packing
Body-centred and Primitive Structures
Symmetry
Axes of Symmetry
Planes of Symmetry
Inversion
Inversion Axes and Improper Symmetry Axes
Symmetry in Crystals
Lattices and Unit Cells
Lattices
One- and Two-dimensional Unit Cells
Translational Symmetry Elements
Three-dimensional Unit Cells
Miller Indices
Interplanar Spacings
Packing Diagrams
Crystalline solids
Ionic Solids with Formula MX
Solids with General Formula MX[subscript 2]
Other Important Crystal Structures
Ionic Radii
Extended Covalent Arrays
Bonding In Crystals
Atomic Radii
Molecular Structures
Silicates
Lattice Energy
The Born-Haber Cycle
Calculating Lattice Energies
Calculations Using Thermochemical Cycles and Lattice Energies
Conclusion
Questions
Physical Methods for Characterizing Solids
Introduction
X-ray Diffraction
Generation of X-rays
Diffraction of X-rays
Powder Diffraction
Powder Diffraction Patterns
Absences Due to Lattice Centring
Systematic Absences Due to Screw Axes and Glide Planes
Uses of Powder X-ray Diffraction
Single Cystal X-ray Diffraction
The Importance of Intensities
Solving Single Crystal Structures
Neutron Diffraction
Uses of Neutron Diffraction
Electron Microscopy
Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)
Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)
Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy (STEM)
Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis (EDAX)
X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS)
X-ray Absorption Near-Edge Structure (XANES)
Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MAS NMR)
Thermal Analysis
Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA)
Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA)
Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)
Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy (STM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM)
Temperature Programmed Reduction (TPR)
Other Techniques
Questions
Preparative Methods
Introduction
High Temperature Ceramic Methods
Direct Heating of Solids
Reducing the Particle Size and Lowering the Temperature
Microwave Synthesis
The High Temperature Superconductor YBa[subscript 2]Cu[subscript 3]O[subscript 7-x]
Combustion Synthesis
High Pressure Methods
Hydrothermal Methods
High Pressure Gases
Hydrostatic Pressures
Synthetic Diamonds
High Temperature Superconductors
Harder Than Diamond
Chemical Vapour Deposition (CVD)
Preparation of Semiconductors
Diamond Films
Lithium Niobate
Preparing Single Crystals
Epitaxy Methods
Chemical Vapour Transport
Solution Methods
Intercalation
Graphite Intercalation Compounds
Titanium Disulfide
Pillared Clays
Choosing a Method
Questions
Bonding in Solids and Electronic Properties
Introduction
Bonding in Solids - Free Electron Theory
Electronic Conductivity
Bonding in Solids - Molecular Orbital Theory
Simple Metals
Semiconductors - Si and Ge
Photoconductivity
Doped Semiconductors
The p-n Junction - Field-Effect Transistors
Bands in Compounds - Gallium Arsenide
Bands in d-BlockCompounds - Transition Metal Monoxides
Questions
Defects and Non-Stoichiometry
Point Defects - An Introduction
Defects and their Concentration
Intrinsic Defects
The Concentration of Defects
Extrinsic Defects
Ionic Conductivity in Solids
Solid Electrolytes
Fast-ion Conductors: Silver Ion Conductors
Fast-ion Conductors: Oxygen Ion Conductors
Fast-ion Conductors: Sodium Ion Conductors
Applications
Photography
Colour Centres
Non-stoichiometric Compounds
Introduction
Non-stoichiometry in Wustite
Uranium Dioxide
The Titanium Monoxide Structure
Planar Defects
Crystallographic Shear Planes
Planar Intergrowths
Three-dimensional Defects
Block Structures
Pentagonal Columns
Infinitely Adaptive Structures
Electronic Properties of Non-stoichiometric Oxides
Conclusions
Questions
Carbon-Based Electronics
Introduction
Polyacetylene and Related Polymers
The Discovery of Polyacetylene
Bonding in Polyacetylene and Related Polymers
Organic LEDs
Molecular Metals
One-dimensional Molecular Metals
Two-dimensional Molecular Metals
Polymers and Ionic Conduction - Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
Carbon
Graphite
Intercalation Compounds of Graphite
Buckminster Fullerene
Questions
Zeolites and Related Structures
Introduction
Composition and Structure
Frameworks
Nomenclature
Si/Al Ratios
Exchangeable Cations
Channels and Cavities
Synthesis of Zeolites
Structure Determination
Uses of Zeolites
Dehydrating Agents
Zeolites As Ion Exchangers
Zeolites As Adsorbents
Zeolites As Catalysts
Mesoporous Aluminosilicate Structures
Other Framework Structures
New Materials
Clay Minerals
Postscript
Questions
Optical Properties of Solids
Introduction
The Interaction of Light with Atoms
The Ruby Laser
Phosphors in Fluorescent Lights
Absorption and Emission of Radiation in Semiconductors
Light-Emitting Diodes
The Gallium Arsenide Laser
Quantum Wells - Blue Lasers
Optical Fibres
Photonic Crystals
Questions
Magnetic and Dielectric Properties
Introduction
Magnetic Susceptibility
Paramagnetism in Metal Complexes
Ferromagnetic Metals
Ferromagnetic Domains
Permanent Magnets
Ferromagnetic Compounds - Chromium Dioxide
Audiotapes
Antiferromagnetism - Transition Metal Monoxides
Ferrimagnetism - Ferrites
Giant, Tunnelling, and Colossal Magnetoresistance
Giant Magnetoresistance
Hard Disk Read Heads
Tunnelling and Colossal Magnetoresistance
Electrical Polarisation
Piezoelectric Crystals - [alpha]-quartz
The Ferroelectric Effect
Multilayer Ceramic Capacitors
Questions
Superconductivity
Introduction
Conventional Superconductors
The Discovery of Superconductors
The Magnetic Properties of Superconductors
Josephson Effects
The BCS Theory of Superconductivity
High Temperature Superconductors
The Crystal Structures of High Temperature Superconductors
Theory of High T[subscript c] Superconductors
Ferromagnetic Superconductors
Uses of High Temperature Superconductors
Questions
Nanoscience
Introduction
Consequences of the Nanoscale
Nanoparticle Morphology
Electronic Structure
Optical Properties
Magnetic Properties
Mechanical Properties
Melting
Examples
One-dimensional Nanomaterials
Two-dimensional Nanomaterials
Three-dimensional Nanomaterials
Manipulating Atoms and Molecules
Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy
Atomic Force Microscopy
Nanostencils
Optical Tweezers
Molecular Lithography
Data Storage
Further Reading
Answers Odd Number Questions