Pocket Guide to Critical Appraisal

ISBN-10: 072791099X

ISBN-13: 9780727910998

Edition: 1996

Authors: Iain K. Crombie

List price: $38.95
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Description:

This text is divided into two parts, the first provides a basic introduction to the principles underlying critical appraisal and details the process of appraisal, identifying the types of questions to be asked of each paper. The second part consists of checklists, each annotated with explanatory text, designed to accompany researchers on library visits and help them make sense of the overwhelming mass of medical literature. Chapters include identifying research methods, interpreting results, appraising surveys, cohort studies, clinical trials, case control studies and review studies.
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Book details

List price: $38.95
Copyright year: 1996
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 9/10/1996
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 78
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.50" long x 0.25" tall
Weight: 0.924
Language: English

Preface
Acknowledgements
Introducing critical appraisal
Clarify your reasons for reading
Specify your information need
Identify the relevant reports
Critically appraise the papers
Questions to ask when reading a paper
Is it of interest?
Why was it done?
How was it done?
What has it found?
What are the implications?
What else is of interest?
Identifying the research method
Surveys
Cohort studies
Clinical trials
Case-control studies
Interpreting the results
Statistical significance
The play of chance
Probability
The logic of statistical tests
Confidence intervals
Pitfalls in the analysis
Outliers
Skew
Non-independence
Serendipity masquerading as hypothesis
Black-box analyses
Bias
Confounding
Introduction to the check lists
Evaluating the flaws
Best case/worst case/likely case
The standard appraisal questions
Are the aims clearly stated?
Was the sample size justified?
Are the measurements likely to be valid and reliable?
Are the statistical methods described?
Did untoward events occur during the study?
Were the basic data adequately described?
Do the numbers add up?
Was the statistical significance assessed?
What do the main findings mean?
How are null findings interpreted?
Are important effects overlooked?
How do the results compare with previous reports?
What implications does the study have for your practice?
Appraising surveys
The essential questions
The specific questions
Rationale for the essential questions
Rationale for the specific questions
The complete list for the appraisal of surveys
Appraising cohort studies
The essential questions
The specific questions
Rationale for the essential questions
Rationale for the specific questions
The complete list for the appraisal of cohort studies
Appraising clinical trials
The essential questions
The specific questions
Rationale for the essential questions
Rationale for the specific questions
The complete list for the appraisal of clinical trials
Appraising case-control studies
The essential questions
The specific questions
Rationale for the essential questions
Rationale for the specific questions
The complete list for the appraisal of case-control studies
Appraising review papers
The essential questions
The specific questions
Rationale for the essential questions
Rationale for the specific questions
The complete list for the appraisal of review papers
Index
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