Quantitative Chemical Analysis

ISBN-10: 0716744643

ISBN-13: 9780716744641

Edition: 6th 2002

Authors: Daniel C. Harris

List price: $163.95
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Through five editions, Dan Harris's Quantitative Chemical Analysis has earned a reputation for quality unmatched by any other analytical chemistry textbook. Instructors can always rely on Harris to provide a modern portrait of the tools and techniques of chemical analysis, thoroughly grounded in reality by incorporating real data, spreadsheets, and a wealth of application. Students can depend on Harris to find witty, personable ways to make the material clear, relevant, intriguing, and accessible. The new Sixth Edition marks another step forward for a book that is already a market leader
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Book details

List price: $163.95
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Worth Publishers, Incorporated
Publication date: 7/15/2002
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 928
Size: 8.00" wide x 9.75" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 4.136
Language: English

The Analytical Process: The Central Role of Analytical Chemistry
The Analytical Chemist's Job
General Steps in a Chemical Analysis
Constructing a Representative Sample
Measurements: Chemical Analysis in Environmental Science
SI Units
Chemical Concentrations
Preparing Solutions
Solutions and Stoichiometry
Tools of the Trade: Weighing Femtomoles of DNA
Safe, Ethical Handling of Chemicals and Waste
Disposal of Chemical Waste
The Lab Notebook
Analytical Balance
Volumetric Flasks
Pipets and Syringes
Calibration of Volumetric Glassware
Introduction to Microsoft Excel
Graphing with Microsoft Excel
Experimental Error: Experimental Error
Significant Figures
Significant Figures in Arithmetic
Significant Figures and Graphs
Types of Error
Standard Reference Materials
Propagation of Uncertainty
Propagation of Uncertainty in the Product x [middle dot] x
Statistics: Is My Red Blood Cell Count High Today?
Gaussian Distribution
Confidence Intervals
Comparison of Means with Student's t
Analytical Chemistry and the Law
Comparison of Standard Deviations with the F Test
t Tests with a Spreadsheet
Q Test for Bad Data
Calibration Methods: A Historic Calibration Curve
Finding the "Best" Straight Line
Calibration Curves
Using a Nonlinear Calibration Curve
Standard Addition
Internal Standards
A Spreadsheet for Least Squares
Chemical Equilibrium: Chemical Equilibrium in the Environment
The Equilibrium Constant
Equilibrium and Thermodynamics
Solubility Product
The Common Ion Effect
Common Ion Effect
The Logic of Approximations
Separation by Precipitation
Complex Formation
Notation for Formation Constants
Protic Acids and Bases
Strengths of Acids and Bases
The HCl Fountain
The Strange Behavior of Hydrofluoric Acid
Carbonic Acid
Let the Titrations Begin: Evolution of the Buret
Titration Calculations
Reagent Chemicals and Primary Standards
Spectrophotometric Titrations
The Precipitation Titration Curve
Titration of a Mixture
Calculating Titration Curves with a Spreadsheet
End-Point Detection
Fajans Titration
Activity: Hydrated Radii
The Effect of Ionic Strength on Solubility of Salts
Effect of Ionic Strength on Ion Dissociation
Activity Coefficients
Salts with Ions of Charge [greater than or equal vertical bar]2[vertical bar] Do Not Fully Dissociate into Ions in Water
Using Activity Coefficients
pH Revisited
Systematic Treatment of Equilibrium: Acid Rain
Charge Balance
Mass Balance
Calcium Carbonate Mass Balance in Rivers
Systematic Treatment of Equilibrium
The Dependence of Solubility on pH
All Right, Dan, How Would You Really Solve the CaF[subscript 2] Problem?
pH and Tooth Decay
Monoprotic Acid-Base Equilibria: Measuring pH Inside Single Cells
Strong Acids and Bases
Concentrated HNO[subscript 3] Is Only Slightly Dissociated
Weak Acids and Bases
Weak-Acid Equilibria
Conductivity of Weak Electrolytes
Dyeing Fabrics and the Fraction of Dissociation
Weak-Base Equilibria
Strong Plus Weak Reacts Completely
How Buffers Work
Polyprotic Acid-Base Equilibria: Proteins Are Polyprotic Acids and Bases
Diprotic Acids and Bases
Successive Approximations
Diprotic Buffers
Polyprotic Acids and Bases
Which Is the Principal Species?
Fractional Composition Equations
Isoelectric and Isoionic pH
Isoelectric Focusing
Acid-Base Titrations: Acid-Base Titration of a Protein
Titration of Strong Acid with Strong Base
Titration of Weak Acid with Strong Base
Titration of Weak Base with Strong Acid
Titrations in Diprotic Systems
Finding the End Point with a pH Electrode
Alkalinity and Acidity
Finding the End Point with Indicators
Indicators and the Acidity of CO[subscript 2]
What Does a Negative pH Mean?
World Record Small Titration
Practical Notes
The Leveling Effect
Calculating Titration Curves with Spreadsheets
EDTA Titrations: A Chelating Ligand Captures Its Prey
Metal-Chelate Complexes
Chelation Therapy and Thalassemia
EDTA Titration Curves
Do It with a Spreadsheet
Auxiliary Complexing Agents
Metal Ion Hydrolysis Decreases the Effective Formation Constant for EDTA Complexes
Metal Ion Indicators
Metal Ion Indicator Color Changes
EDTA Titration Techniques
Water Hardness
Fundamentals of Electrochemistry: Harvesting Electricity from the Ocean Floor
Basic Concepts
Galvanic Cells
The Human Salt Bridge
Standard Potentials
Nernst Equation
E[degree] and the Cell Voltage Do Not Depend on How You Write the Cell Reaction
Silver and Gold Pennies
Latimer Diagrams: How to Find E[degree] for a New Half-Reaction
E[degree] and the Equilibrium Constant
Concentrations in the Operating Cell
Cells as Chemical Probes
Biochemists Use E[degree]'
Electrodes and Potentiometry: A Heparin Sensor
Reference Electrodes
Indicator Electrodes
Potentiometry with an Oscillating Reaction
What Is a Junction Potential?
How Ion-Selective Electrodes Work
pH Measurement with a Glass Electrode
Systematic Error in Rainwater pH Measurement: The Effect of Junction Potential
Ion-Selective Electrodes
Using Ion-Selective Electrodes
Solid-State Chemical Sensors
Redox Titrations: Chemical Analysis of High-Temperature Superconductors
The Shape of a Redox Titration Curve
Potentiometric Titration of Fe[superscript 2+] with MnO[superscript - subscript 1]
Finding the End Point
Adjustment of Analyte Oxidation State
Oxidation with Potassium Permanganate
Oxidation with Ce[superscript 4+]
Oxidation with Potassium Dichromate
Methods Involving Iodine
Environmental Carbon Analysis and Oxygen Demand
Iodometric Analysis of High-Temperature Superconductors
Electroanalytical Techniques: How Sweet It Is!
Fundamentals of Electrolysis
Electrochemical Writing
Electrogravimetric Analysis
Oxygen Electrodes
What Is an "Electronic Nose"?
The Electric Double Layer
Karl Fischer Titration of H[subscript 2]O
The Karl Fischer Jacks of a pH Meter
Fundamentals of Spectrophotometry: The Ozone Hole
Properties of Light
Absorption of Light
Why Is There a Logarithmic Relation Between Transmittance and Concentration?
Absorption Spectra
Measuring Absorbance
Beer's Law in Chemical Analysis
What Happens When a Molecule Absorbs Light?
Fluorescence All Around Us
Instability of the Earth's Climate
Applications of Spectrophotometry: Observing Single DNA Molecules with Molecular Beacons
Analysis of a Mixture
Measuring an Equilibrium Constant: The Scatchard Plot
The Method of Continuous Variation
Flow Injection Analysis
Immunoassays and Aptamers
Sensors Based on Luminescence Quenching
Converting Light into Electricity
Spectrophotometers: Automobile Exhaust Analysis and Public Policy
Lamps and Lasers: Sources of Light
Blackbody Radiation and the Greenhouse Effect
The Most Important Photoreceptor
Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
Dealing with Noise
Atomic Spectroscopy: An Anthropology Puzzle
An Overview
Atomization: Flames, Furnaces, and Plasmas
How Temperature Affects Atomic Spectroscopy
Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry
Mass Spectrometry: Droplet Electrospray
What Is Mass Spectrometry?
Molecular Mass and Nominal Mass
How Ions of Different Masses Are Separated by a Magnetic Field
Oh, Mass Spectrum, Speak to Me!
Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry
Types of Mass Spectrometers
Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry
Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization
Introduction to Analytical Separations: Measuring Silicones Leaking from Breast Implants
Solvent Extraction
Crown Ethers
What Is Chromatography?
Extraction with Dithizone
A Plumber's View of Chromatography
Efficiency of Separation
Why Bands Spread
Gas Chromatography: What Did They Eat in the Year 1000?
The Separation Process in Gas Chromatography
Chiral Phases for Separating Optical Isomers
Sample Injection
Sample Preparation
Method Development in Gas Chromatography
High-Performance Liquid Chromatography: In Vivo Microdialysis for Measuring Drug Metabolism
The Chromatographic Process
Monolithic Silica Columns
Supercritical Fluid Chromatography
Injection and Detection in HPLC
Method Development for Reversed-Phase Separations
Gradient Separations
Chromatographic Methods and Capillary Electrophoresis: Capillary Electrochromatography
Ion-Exchange Chromatography
Ion Chromatography
Surfactants and Micelles
Molecular Exclusion Chromatography
Affinity Chromatography
Principles of Capillary Electrophoresis
Molecular Imprinting
Conducting Capillary Electrophoresis
Gravimetric and Combustion Analysis: Tree Rings and Our Changing Environment
An Example of Gravimetric Analysis
Colloids and Dialysis
Examples of Gravimetric Calculations
Combustion Analysis
Sample Preparation: Extraction Membranes
Statistics of Sampling
Dissolving Samples for Analysis
Sample Preparation Techniques
Quality Assurance: The Need for Quality Assurance
Method Development and Optimization
Method Validation
The Horwitz Trumpet: Variation in Interlaboratory Tests
Quality Assessment
Identifying Sources of Error: Analysis of Variance
Spreadsheet Topics
Introduction to Microsoft Excel
Graphing with Microsoft Excel
Average, standard deviation, normal distribution
Slope and intercept
Linear least squares curve fitting
Precipitation titrations (found in Web site supplement)
Precipitation titration of mixture (found in Web site supplement)
Circular reference
Excel Goal Seek and naming cells
Acid-base titration curves
EDTA titrations
Redox titrations (found in Web site supplement)
Using Excel Solver
Solving simultaneous equations by matrix inversion
Correlation coefficient
Analysis of variance
Notes and References
Logarithms and Exponents
Graphs of Straight Lines
Propagation of Uncertainty
Oxidation Numbers and Balancing Redox Equations
Solubility Products
Acid Dissociation Constants
Standard Reduction Potentials
Formation Constants
Logarithm of the Formation Constant for the Reaction M(aq) + L(aq) [characters not reproducible] ML(aq)
Solutions to Exercises
Answers to Problems
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