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Chosen Few How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

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ISBN-10: 0691144877

ISBN-13: 9780691144870

Edition: 2012

Authors: Maristella Botticini, Zvi Eckstein

List price: $27.95
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In 70 CE, the Jews were an agrarian and illiterate people living mostly in the Land of Israel and Mesopotamia. By 1492 the Jewish people had become a small group of literate urbanites specializing in crafts, trade, moneylending, and medicine in hundreds of places across the Old World, from Seville to Mangalore. What caused this radical change?The Chosen Fewpresents a new answer to this question by applying the lens of economic analysis to the key facts of fifteen formative centuries of Jewish history.Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein show that, contrary to previous explanations, this transformation was driven not by anti-Jewish persecution and legal restrictions, but rather by changes…    
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Book details

List price: $27.95
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 8/5/2012
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 344
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.540
Language: English

List of Illustrations
List of Tables
70 CE-1492: How Many Jews Were There, and Where and How Did They Live?
From Jesus to Muhammad (I CE-622): A World of Farmers
From Muhammad to Hulagu Khan (622-1258): Farmers to Merchants
From Hulagu Khan to Tom�s de Torquemada (1258-1492): The End of the Golden Age
Jewish History, 70 CE-1492: Puzzles
Were the Jews a Persecuted Minority?
Restrictions on Jewish Economic Activities
Taxation Discrimination
Physical versus Portable Human Capital
Self-Segregated Religious Minority
The Economics of Small Minorities
The People of the Book, 200 BCE-200 CE
The Two Pillars of Judaism from Ezra to Hillel (500-50 BCE): The Temple and the Torah
The Lever of Judaism: Education as a Religious Norm
The Destruction of the Second Temple: From Ritual Sacrifices to Torach Reading and Study
The Legacy of Rabbinic Judaism: The Mishna and Universal Primary Education, 10 CE-200
Judaism and Education: The Unique Link in the World of the Mishna
The Economics of Hebrew Literacy in a World of Farmers
Heterogeneity and the Choices Facing Jewish Farmers circa 200
The Economic Theory: Basic Setup
The Economic Theory: Predictions
Life in a Village in the Galilee circa 200 through the Lens of the Theory
Annex 4.A: Formal Model of Education and Conversion of Farmers
Jews in the Talmud Era, 200-650: The Chosen Few
An Increasingly Literate Farming Society
Conversions of Jewish Farmers
From Farmers to Merchants, 750-1150
The Economics of Hebrew Literacy in a World of Merchants
The Golden Age of Literate Jews in the Muslim Caliphates
Annex 6.A: Formal Model of Education and Conversion of Merchants
Educated Wandering Jews, 800-1250
Wandering Jews before Marco Polo
Jewish Migration within the Muslim Caliphates
Migration of Byzantine Jewry
Jewish Migration to and within Christian Europe
Migration of the Jewish Religious Center
Segregation or Choice? From Merchants to Moneylenders, 1000-1500
The Economics of Money and Credit in Medieval Europe
Jewish Prominence in Moneylending: Hypotheses
The Dynamics of Jewish Moneylending in Medieval Europe
Jewish Moneylending in Medieval Italy: A Detailed Analysis
Attitudes toward Moneylending
Facts and Competing Hypotheses
From Merchants to Moneylenders: Comparative Advantage in Complex Intermediation
Annex 8.A: The Charter to the Jews of Vienna
The Mongol Shock: Can Judaism Survive When Trade and Urban Economies Collapse?
The Mongol Conquest of the Muslim Middle East
Socioeconomic Conditions in the Middle East under the Mongols
Jewish Demography under Mongol and Mamluk Rule: An Experiment
Why Judaism Cannot Survive When Trade and Urban Economies Collapse
1492 to Today: Open Questions
Portrait of World Jewry circa 1492
Jewish History, 70 CE-1492: Epilogue
Trajectory of the Jewish People over the Past 500 Years
Persistence of Jewish Occupational Structure