China A New History

ISBN-10: 0674018281

ISBN-13: 9780674018280

Edition: 2nd 2006 (Enlarged)

Authors: John King Fairbank, Merle Goldman

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John King Fairbank was the West's doyen on China, and this book is the full and final expression of his lifelong engagement with this vast ancient civilization. It remains a masterwork without parallel. The distinguished historian Merle Goldman brings the book up to date, covering reforms in the post-Mao period through the early years of the twenty-first century, including the leadership of Hu Jintao. She also provides an epilogue discussing the changes in contemporary China that will shape the nation in the years to come.Praise for the previous edition:"Manages to tell its sprawling, turbulent, 4,000-year story in a single volume without either losing clarity or oversimplifying its subject ... Rich and fascinating."-Arnold R. Isaacs,San Francisco Chronicle"Will serve for decades to come as a standard reference and textbook."-Robert L. Worden,Washington Post Book World
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Book details

List price: $29.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Publication date: 4/30/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 472
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 2.2
Language: English

John King Fairbank was Francis Lee Higginson Professor of History and Director of the East Asian Research Center at Harvard University.

Merle Goldman is Professor Emeritus of Chinese History, Boston University.

Preface to the Enlarged Edition
Preface to the Original Edition
Introduction: Approaches to Understanding China's History
The Variety of Historical Perspectives
Geography: The Contrast of North and South
Humankind in Nature
The Village: Family and Lineage
Inner Asia and China: The Steppe and the Sown
Rise and Decline of the Imperial Autocracy
Origins: The Discoveries of Archaeology
Paleolithic China
Neolithic China
Excavation of Shang and Xia
The Rise of Central Authority
Western Zhou
Implications of the New Archaeological Record
The First Unification: Imperial Confucianism
The Utility of Dynasties
Princes and Philosophers
The Confucian Code
Unification by Qin
Consolidation and Expansion under the Han
Imperial Confucianism
Correlative Cosmology
Emperor and Scholars
Reunification in the Buddhist Age
The Buddhist Teaching
Sui-Tang Reunification
Buddhism and the State
Decline of the Tang Dynasty
Social Change: The Tang-Song Transition
China's Greatest Age: Northern and Southern Song
Efflorescence of Material Growth
Education and the Examination System
The Creation of Neo-Confucianism
Formation of Gentry Society
The Paradox of Song China and Inner Asia
The Symbiosis of Wen and Wu
The Rise of Non-Chinese Rule over China
China in the Mongol Empire
Interpreting the Song Era
Government in the Ming Dynasty
Legacies of the Hongwu Emperor
Fiscal Problems
China Turns Inward
Factional Politics
The Qing Success Story
The Manchu Conquest
Institutional Adaptation
The Jesuit Interlude
Growth of Qing Control in Inner Asia
The Attempted Integration of Polity and Culture
Late Imperial China, 1600-1911
The Paradox of Growth without Development
The Rise in Population
Diminishing Returns of Farm Labor
The Subjection of Women
Domestic Trade and Commercial Organization
Merchant-Official Symbiosis
Limitations of the Law
Frontier Unrest and the Opening of China
The Weakness of State Leadership
The White Lotus Rebellion, 1796-1804
Maritime China: Origins of the Overseas Chinese
European Trading Companies and the Canton Trade
Rebellion on the Turkestan Frontier, 1826-1835
Opium and the Struggle for a New Order at Guangzhou, 1834-1842
Inauguration of the Treaty Century after 1842
Rebellion and Restoration
The Great Taiping Rebellion, 1851-1864
Civil War
The Qing Restoration of the 1860s
Suppression of Other Rebellions
Early Modernization and the Decline of Qing Power
Self-Strengthening and Its Failure
The Christian-Confucian Struggle
The Reform Movement
The Boxer Rising, 1898-1901
The Republican Revolution, 1901-1916
A New Domestic Balance of Power
Suppressing Rebellion by Militarization
Elite Activism in the Public Sphere
The Japanese Influence
The Qing Reform Effort
Constitutionalism and Self-Government
Insoluble Systemic Problems
The Revolution of 1911 and Yuan Shikai's Dictatorship
The Republic of China, 1912-1949
The Quest for a Chinese Civil Society
The Limits of Chinese Liberalism
The Limits of Christian Reformism
The Tardy Rise of a Political Press
Academic Development
The New Culture Movement
The May Fourth Movement
Rise of the Chinese Bourgeoisie
Origins of the Chinese Communist Party
The Nationalist Revolution and the Nanjing Government
Sun Yatsen and the United Front
The Accession to Power of Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kaishek)
The Nature of the Nanjing Government
Systemic Weaknesses
The Second Coming of the Chinese Communist Party
Problems of Life on the Land
Rural Reconstruction
The Rise of Mao Zedong
The Long March, 1934-1935
The Role of Zhou Enlai
The Second United Front
China's War of Resistance, 1937-1945
Nationalist Difficulties
Mao's Sinification of Marxism
Mao Zedong Thought
The Rectification Campaign of 1942-1944
American Support of Coalition Government
The Civil War and the Nationalists on Taiwan
Why the Nationalists Failed
Nationalist Attack and Communist Counterattack
Taiwan as a Japanese Colony
Taiwan as the Republic of China
The People's Republic of China
Establishing Control of State and Countryside
Creating the New State, 1949-1953
Collectivizing Agriculture
Collective Agriculture in Practice
Beginning Industrialization
Education and the Intellectuals
The Anti-Rightist Campaign, 1957-1958
The Great Leap Forward, 1958-1960
Background Factors
The Disaster of 1959-1960
Revival: Seizing Control of Industrial Labor
Party Rectification and Education
The Sino-Soviet Split
The Great Leap Forward as a Social Movement
The Cultural Revolution, 1966-1976
Mao's Aims and Resources
Role of the People's Liberation Army
How the Cultural Revolution Unfolded
The Red Guards
The Seizure of Power
Foreign Affairs
Decentralization and the Third Front
The Succession Struggle
The Cultural Revolution in Retrospect
The Post-Mao Reform Era
Epilogue: China at the Close of the Century
Note on Romanization and Citation
Suggested Reading
Publisher's Note
Illustration Credits
Author Index
General Index
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