Chemical Principles

ISBN-10: 0618372067

ISBN-13: 9780618372065

Edition: 5th 2005

Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

List price: $299.95
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Book details

List price: $299.95
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: CENGAGE Learning
Publication date: 7/26/2004
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 1184
Size: 8.25" wide x 10.00" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 5.324
Language: English

Steve Zumdahl is the author of market-leading textbooks in introductory chemistry, general chemistry, honors-level chemistry, and high school chemistry. Recently retired from his long-time position as Director of Undergraduate Programs at the University of Illinois, he has received numerous awards for his contributions to chemical education. These include the National Catalyst Award in recognition of his contribution to chemical education, the University of Illinois Teaching Award, the UIUC Liberal Arts and Sciences Advising Award, and the School of Chemical Sciences Teaching Award (five times). He earned his B.S. in Chemistry from Wheaton College (IL), and his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois.

Note: Chapters 221 include Discussion Questions and Exercises
Chemists and Chemistry
Thinking Like a Chemist
A Real-World Chemistry Problem
The Scientific Method
Industrial Chemistry
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC): Real-World Chemistry
Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
The Early History of Chemistry
Fundamental Chemical Laws
Dalton's Atomic Theory
Cannizzaro's Interpretation
Early Experiments to Characterize the Atom
The Modern View of Atomic Structure: An Introduction
Molecules and Ions
An Introduction to the Periodic Table
Naming Simple Compounds
Atomic Masses
The Mole
Molar Mass
Percent Composition of Compounds
Determining the Formula of a Compound
Chemical Equations
Balancing Chemical Equations
Stoichiometric Calculations: Amounts of Reactants and Products
Calculations Involving a Limiting Reactant
Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry
Water, the Common Solvent
The Nature of Aqueous Solutions: Strong and Weak Electrolytes
The Composition of Solutions
Types of Chemical Reactions
Precipitation Reactions
Describing Reactions in Solution
Selective Precipitation
Stoichiometry of Precipitation Reactions
Acid-Base Reactions
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Balancing Oxidation-Reduction Equations
Simple Oxidation-Reduction Titrations
Early Experiments
The Gas Laws of Boyle, Charles, and Avogadro
The Ideal Gas Law
Gas Stoichiometry
Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures
The Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases
Effusion and Diffusion
Collisions of Gas Particles with the Container Walls
Intermolecular Collisions
Real Gases
Chemistry in the Atmosphere
Chemical Equilibrium
The Equilibrium Condition
The Equilibrium Constant
Equilibrium Expressions Involving Pressures
The Concept of Activity
Heterogeneous Equilibria
Applications of the Equilibrium Constant
Solving Equilibrium Problems
Le Chacirc;telier's Principle
Equilibria Involving Real Gases
Acids and Bases
The Nature of Acids and Bases
Acid Strength
The pH Scale
Calculating the pH of Strong Acid Solutions
Calculating the pH of Weak Acid Solutions
Polyprotic Acids
Acid-Base Properties of Salts
Acid Solutions in Which Water Contributes to the H+ Concentration
Strong Acid Solutions in Which Water Contributes to the H+ Concentration
Strategy for Solving Acid-Base Problems: A Summary
Applications of Aqueous Equilibria
Solutions of Acids or Bases Containing a Common Ion
Buffered Solutions
Exact Treatment of Buffered Solutions
Buffer Capacity
Titrations and pH Curves
Acid-Base Indicators
Titration of Polyprotic Acids
Solubility Equilibria and the Solubility Product
Precipitation and Qualitative Analysis
Complex Ion Equilibria
Energy, Enthalpy, and Thermochemistry
The Nature of Energy
Thermodynamics of Ideal Gases
Hess's Law
Standard Enthalpies of Formation
Present Sources of Energy
New Energy Sources
Spontaneity, Entropy, and Free Energy
Spontaneous Processes and Entropy
The Isothermal Expansion and Compression of an Ideal Gas
The Definition of Entropy
Entropy and Physical Changes
Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
The Effect of Temperature on Spontaneity
Free Energy
Entropy Changes in Chemical Reactions
Free Energy and Chemical Reactions
The Dependence of Free Energy on Pressure
Free Energy and Equilibrium
Free Energy and Work
Reversible and Irreversible Processes: A Summary
Galvanic Cells
Standard Reduction Potentials
Cell Potential, Electrical Work, and Free Energy
Dependence of the Cell Potential on Concentration
Commercial Electrolytic Processes
Quantum Mechanics and Atomic Theory
Electromagnetic Radiation
The Nature of Matter
The Atomic Spectrum of Hydrogen
The Bohr Model
The Quantum Mechanical Description of the Atom
The Particle in a Box
The Wave Equation for the Hydrogen Atom
The Physical Meaning of a Wave Function
The Characteristics of Hydrogen Orbitals
Electron Spin and the Pauli Principle
Polyelectronic Atoms
The History of the Periodic Table
The Aufbau Principle and the Periodic Table
Further Development of the Polyelectronic Model
Periodic Trends in Atomic Properties
The Properties of a Group: The Alkali Metals
Bonding: General Concepts
Types of Chemical Bonds
Bond Polarity and Dipole Moments
Ions: Electron Configurations and Sizes
Formation of Binary Ionic Compounds
Partial Ionic Character of Covalent Bonds
The Covalent Chemical Bond: A Model
Covalent Bond Energies and Chemical Reactions
The Localized Electron Bonding Model
Lewis Structure
Exceptions to the Octet Rule
Molecular Structure: The VSEPR Model
Covalent Bonding: Orbitals
Hybridization and the Localized Electron Model
The Molecular Orbital Model
Bonding in Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules
Bonding in Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules
Combining the Localized Electron and Molecular Orbital Models
Orbitals: Human Invention
Molecular Spectroscopy
Chemical Kinetics
Reaction Rates
Rate Laws: An Introduction
Determining the Form of the Rate Law
The Integrated Rate Law
Rate Laws: A Summary
Reaction Mechanisms
The Steady-State Approximation
A Model for Chemical Kinetics
Liquids and Solids
Intermolecular Forces
The Liquid State
An Introduction to Structures and Types of Solids
Structure and Bonding in Metals
Carbon and Silicon: Network Atomic Solids
Molecular Solids
Ionic Solids
Structures of Actual Ionic Solids
Lattice Defects
Vapor Pressure and Changes of State
Phase Diagrams
Properties of Solutions
Solution Composition
The Thermodynamics of Solution Formation
Factors Affecting Solubility
The Vapor Pressures of Solutions
Boiling-Point Elevation and Freezing-Point Depression
Osmotic Pressure
Colligative Properties of Electrolyte Solutions
The Representative Elements: Groups 1A Through 4A
A Survey of the Representative Elements
The Group 1A Elements
The Chemistry of Hydrogen
The Group 2A Elements
The Group 3A Elements
The Group 4A Elements
The Representative Elements: Groups 5A Through 8A
The Group 5A Elements
The Chemistry of Nitrogen
The Chemistry of Phosphorus
The Group 6A Elements
The Chemistry of Oxygen
The Chemistry of Sulfu
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