Gram�tica Esencial Text

ISBN-10: 0618331506

ISBN-13: 9780618331505

Edition: 2nd 2003 (Student Manual, Study Guide, etc.)

Authors: Nelson Rojas, Richard Curry

List price: $87.56 Buy it from $56.42
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Description:

Designed for courses that focus primarily on intermediate-level grammar study or that require formal or informal review of grammar, Gramaacute;tica esencial is an ideal complement in courses that use a reader or conversation or composition texts. The program reviews and expands upon first-year grammar to solidify students' knowledge and prepare them for more advanced study. A flexible package enables instructors to customize a program that best suits the interests of their students and fulfills the needs of their course: the comprehensive review and reference student text, the concise reference handbook, and the student CD-ROM are suitable for study and reference outside of class or for in-class use either on their own, in combination, or paired with another text such as a reader, conversation, or composition text. A contextualized, thematic focus helps students access new language within real-life contexts. Each chapter focuses on a high-interest cultural theme and opens with an engaging theme-based reading selection that illustrates proper usage. Vocabulary, grammar instruction, and practice throughout each chapter reflect the new thematic focus of the text.
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Book details

List price: $87.56
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin College Division
Pages: 446
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.628

The present indicative
Regular verbs
Spelling changes
Stem-changing verbs
Verbs with irregular forms
Uses
Nouns
Gender
Plural of nouns
Articles
Definite articles
Indefinite articles
Foco en el leacute;xico: Tomar, Ilevar (se), and other equivalents of to take
Tomar, Ilevar (se)
Other verbs that express to take
Capiacute;tulo 2 Lectura: El conejo que comiacute;a melones
Tenses of the past: preterit and imperfect
Forms of the preterit
Forms of the imperfect
Uses of the preterit and the imperfect
The preterit and the imperfect contrasted
Hacer in time expressions
Past event ongoing in the present
Past event continued in the past
Time elapsed between a past event and the present
Questions
Questions that can be answered with siacute; or no
Questions with interrogative words and phrases
Queacute; versus cuaacute;l (es)
Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns
Forms
Uses
Foco en el leacute;xico: Saber versus conocer
Capiacute;tulo 3 Lectura: El deporte, �competitividad comprometida?
Ser and estar
Uses of ser
Uses of estar
Ser and estar + adjective
Ser and estar + past participle
Descriptive adjectives
Forms of descriptive adjectives
Agreement
Position
Comparitives and superlatives
Comparisons of inequality
Comparisons of equality
Superlatives
Irregular comparatives and superlatives
Possessive adjectives and pronouns
Forms
Uses
Possessive pronouns
Clarification of third person possessive forms
Indefinite expressions and their negatives
Forms
Indefinite pronouns and adjectives and their negatives
Indefinite adverbs
Foco en el leacute;xico: Spanish equivalents of to become
Change of state: hacerse
Change in physical or emotional state: ponerse
Change through gradual process: Ilegar a ser
Radical change: volverse
To assume a new condition: convertirse, transformarse
To be left in a state or condition: quedarse
Capiacute;tulo 4 Lectura: �Un planeta contaminado?
The future tense
Regular verbs
Irregular verbs
Uses
Other ways of expressing future time
The conditional tense
Regular verbs
Irregular verbs
Uses
Object pronouns
Direct-object pronoun forms
Indirect-object pronoun forms
Position of object pronouns
Prepositional pronouns
The personal a
Before a direct object referring to people
Before indefinite expressions
Constructions with gustar and verbs like gustar
Constructions with gustar
Verbs similar to gustar
Foco en el leacute;xico: Spanish equivalents of to realize
Capiacute;tulo 5 Lectura: La cocina mexicana
The present participle
Forms
Uses
The progressive tenses
Forms
Uses
Alternatives to estar in the progressive construction
Position of object and reflexive pronouns
The infinitive
Forms
Uses
Prepositions
Simple prepositions
Compound prepositions
The preposition a
The preposition de
The preposition en
The preposition para
The preposition por
The structure verb + (preposition) + noun object
Foco en el leacute;xico: Preguntar versus pedir
Capiacute;tulo 6 Lectura: La globalizacioacute;n
The past participle
Forms
Uses
The perfect tenses
Forms
Uses
Reflexive, reciprocal, and impersonal constructions
Reflexives
Reciprocals
Impersonal se
Passive constructions
Active versus passive constructions
Alternatives to the passive voice
Foco en el leacute;xico: Spanish equivalents of to miss
Capiacute;tulo 7 Lectura: La isla de los gigantes
The forms of the present subjunctive
Endings
Normally derived stems
Irregularities
The subjunctive in noun clauses
Attempting to influence behavior
Emotional response and subjective viewpoint
Doubt, disbelief, and denial
The subjunctive in independent clauses
Direct and indirect commands
Direct commands
Indirect commands
Foco en el leacute;xico: Trabajar, funcionar, and similar verbs
Capiacute;tulo 8 Lectura: El teletrabajo, �un nuevo modo de vida?
The imperfect subjunctives
Forms
Uses of the imperfect subjunctive
Sequence of tenses
Relative pronouns
Relative pronouns and restrictive and nonrestrictive relative clauses
The relative pronoun que
The relative pronoun quien(es)
The relative pronouns el cual and el que
The relative pronoun cuyo
The subjunctive in adjective clauses
Foco en el leacute;xico: Spanish equivalents of to save
Capiacute;tulo 9 Lectura: Ecoturismo: �independencia econoacute;mica o desastre para el medio ambiente?
The perfect tenses of the subjunctive
Forms
Uses
Sequence of tenses
Main verb and dependent verb in the indicative
Main verb in the indicative, dependent verb in the subjunctive
The subjunctive in adverbial clauses
Conjunctions always followed by the indicative
Conjunctions always followed by the subjunctive
Conjunctions followed by either the indicative or the subjunctive
The conjunctions pero, mas, and sino (que)
Pero and mas
Sino and sino que
Foco en el leacute;xico: Spanish equivalents of to move
Capiacute;tulo 10 Lectura: La explosioacute;n de lo latino en Estados Unidos
Si clauses
Si clauses in the indicative
Si clauses in the imperfect or past perfect subjunctive
Como si clauses
Adverbs of manner
Adverbs ending in -mente
Adverbial phrases
Adjectives functioning as adverbs
Review of the uses of the preterit and the imperfect
Uses of the preterit
Uses of the imperfect
Nominalization of adjectives and neuter lo
Nominalization of adjectives
The neuter article lo
The neuter pronoun lo
Question words used in exclamations
Coacute;mo and cuaacute;nto in exclamations
Quieacute;n in exclamations
Queacute; in exclamations
Foco en el leacute;xico: Spanish equivalents of to leave
Reference Section
Glossary of grammatical terms
Written accent marks
Personal pronouns
Verbs Spanish-English vocabulary
Index
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