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Introduction to Psycholinguistics

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ISBN-10: 0582505755

ISBN-13: 9780582505759

Edition: 2nd 2006 (Revised)

Authors: Danny Steinberg, Natalia Sciarini

List price: $61.95
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How do we learn to speak and understand speech? Is language unique to humans? Psycholinguistics is the study of language as it relates to the mind and brain. The first edition of An Introduction to Psycholinguistics has established itself as a popular text for this fascinating area of linguistic study. This new edition provides students with an up-to-date, focused and accessible introduction to the key issues and the latest research information.
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Book details

List price: $61.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Routledge
Publication date: 1/11/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 328
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.034
Language: English

Preface
List of tables
List of figures
Publisher's acknowledgements
First-Language Learning
How Children Learn Language
The development of speech production
The development of speech comprehension
The relationship of speech production, speech comprehension, and thought
Parentese and Baby Talk
Imitation, rule learning, and correction
Learning abstract words
Memory and logic in language learning
The Deaf and Language: Sign, Oral, Written
Sign language: a true language without speech
Gestures of hearing people are signs but do not form a language
Speech-based sign languages
Independent Sign Languages (ISLs) such as American Sign Language (ASL)
The Oral Approach and Total Communication
The sign language vs. Oral Approach controversy
Public recognition of ASL and growth of deaf pride
The Steinberg Written Language Approach for complete communication
A programme for teaching written languages
Reading Principles and Teaching
Writing systems and speech
The Whole-Word vs. Phonics/Decoding controversy
A universal four-phase reading programme
The advantages of early reading for pre-school age children
Wild and Isolated Children and the Critical Age Issue for Language Learning
Victor: The Wild Boy of Aveyron
Genie: raised in isolation
Isabelle: confinement with a mute mother
Chelsea: began to learn language at age 32
Helen Keller: the renowned deaf and blind girl
Oxana and Edik: raised by dogs
A critical age for first-language learning?
Animals and Language Learning
Teaching spoken English to apes
Teaching sign language to the chimpanzee, gorilla and orangutan
Teaching artificial languages to chimpanzees
Teaching language to dolphins
Teaching spoken English to an African Grey parrot
Teaching Rico the dog to understand spoken English words
Conclusion
Websites for more information
Second-Language Learning
Children vs. Adults in Second-Language Learning
Children are better: a common belief
Basic psychological factors affecting second-language learning
Social situations affecting second-language learning
Is there a critical age for second-language learning?
Second-Language Teaching Methods
Characterizing the essentials of methods
Traditional methods: Grammar-Translation, Natural, Direct, Audiolingual
Offbeat methods appear then disappear: Cognitive Code, Community Language Learning, Silent Way, Suggestopedia
Contemporary methods: Total Physical Response, Communicative Language Teaching, Natural Approach, Content-Based Instruction, Task-Based Language Teaching, Computer-Assisted Language Learning
Goals must be considered in the selection of a teaching method
Bilingualism, Intelligence, Transfer, and Learning Strategies
Varieties of bilingualism
Is bilingualism beneficial or detrimental?
Effects of early bilingualism on first-language development and intelligence
Sequential and simultaneous learning situations
Strategies for second-language production
Teaching reading in a bilingual situation at home
Language, Mind and Brain
Language, Thought and Culture
A relationship at the heart of psycholinguistics
Four theories regarding the dependence of thought and culture on language
Theory 1: Speech is essential for thought
Theory 2: Language is essential for thought
Theory 3: Language determines or shapes our perception of nature
Theory 4: Language determines or shapes our cultural world view
Erroneous beliefs underlying the four theories
The best theory: Thought is independent of language
Where Does Language Knowledge Come From? Intelligence, Innate Language Ideas, Behaviour?
How do we acquire knowledge?
Mentalism vs. Materialism
Behaviourist wars: Materialism vs. Epiphenomenalism vs. Reductionism
Philosophical Functionalism and our objections to it
Mentalist wars: Empiricism's Intelligence vs. Rationalism's Innate Ideas
Chomskyan arguments for innate language ideas and the inadequacy of those arguments
It is time for Emergentism to re-emerge?
Natural Grammar, Mind and Speaker Performance
Psychological criteria for assessing grammars
The explanatory inadequacy of Chomsky's syntax-based grammar
Performance-related grammars
Primacy of speech comprehension
Inadequacy of Functionalist and Cognitive grammars
How the child learns a Natural Grammar
Towards a theory of Natural Grammar in relation to thought and its functioning in the comprehension and production of sentences
Language and the Brain
General brain structure and function
Hemispheric structure and function
Language areas and their functioning
Right-hemisphere language abilities
The bilingual brain
Sign language
Language disorders: aphasias
Methods of investigating brain and language
References
Author index
Subject index