Science and Engineering of Materials

ISBN-10: 0534953735

ISBN-13: 9780534953737

Edition: 4th 2003

Authors: Donald R. Askeland, Pradeep P. Phule

List price: $118.95
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The fourth edition of this text contains over 200 new homework problems and more than 50 new photos. It provides an understanding of the relationship between structure, processing, and properties of materials.
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Book details

List price: $118.95
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Nelson Education Limited
Publication date: 12/12/2002
Binding: Mixed Media
Pages: 1032
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.75" tall
Weight: 4.488
Language: English

Part I: ATOMIC STRUCTURE, ARRANGEMENT, AND MOVEMENT. 1. Introduction To Materials. Introduction. Types of Materials. Structure-Property-Processing Relationship. Environmental Effects on Material Behavior. Materials Design and Selection. 2. Atomic Structure. Introduction. The Structure of the Atom. The Electronic Structure of the Atom. Atomic Bonding. Binding Energy and Interatomic Spacing. 3. Atomic Arrangement. Introduction. Short-Range Order Versus Long-Range Order. Unit Cells. Allotropic or Polymorphic Transformations. Points, Directions, and Planes in the Unit Cell. Interstitial Sites. Ionic Crystals. Covalent Structures. X-ray Diffraction. 4. Imperfections In The Atomic Arrangement. Introduction. Dislocations. Significance of Dislocations. Schmid''s Law. Influence of Crystal Structure. Point Defects. Surface Defects. Control of the Slip Process. 5. Atom Movement In Materials. Introduction. Stability of Atoms. Diffusion Mechanisms. Activation Energy for Diffusion. Rate of Diffusion (Fick''s First Law). Composition Profile (Fick''s Second Law). Diffusion and Materials Processing. Part II. CONTROLLING THE MICROSTRUCTURE AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS. 6. Mechanical Testing And Properties. Introduction. The Tensile Test: Use of the Stress-Strain Diagram. Properties Obtained from the Tensile Test. The Bend Test for Brittle Materials. True Stress-True Strain. The Hardness Test: Its Nature and Use. The Impact Test. Properties Obtained from the Impact Test. Fracture Toughness. The Importance of Fracture Mechanics. The Fatigue Test. Results of the Fatigue Test. Application of Fatigue Testing. The Creep Test. Use of Creep Data. 7. Strain Hardening And Annealing. Introduction. Relationship of Cold Working to the Stress-Strain Curve. Strain-Hardening Mechanisms. Properties Versus Percent Cold Work. Microstructure and Residual Stresses. Characteristics of Cold Working. The Three Stages of Annealing. Control of Annealing. Annealing and Materials Processing. Hot Working. Superplastic Forming. 8. Principles Of Solidification Strengthening And Processing. Introduction. Nucleation. Growth. Solidification Time and Dendrite Size. Cooling Curves. Casting of Ingot Structure. Solidification Polymers. Solidification Defects. Casting Processes. Solidification and Metals Joining. 9. Solid Solution Strengthening And Phase Equilibrium. Introduction. Phases and the Unary Phase Diagram. Solubility and Solutions. Conditions for Unlimited Solid Solubility. Solid Solution Strengthening. Isomorphous Phase Diagrams. Relationship Between Properties and the Phase Diagram. Solidification of a Solid Solution Alloy. Nonequilibrium Solidification and Segregation. 10. Dispersion Strengthening By Solidification. Introduction. Principles of Dispersion Strengthening. Intermetallic Compounds. Phase Diagrams Containing Three-Phase Reactions. The Eutectic Phase Diagram. Strength of Eutectic Alloys. Eutectics and Materials Processing. Nonequilibrium Freezing in the Eutectic System. Ternary Phase Diagrams. 11. Dispersion Strengthening By Phase Transformation And Heat Treatment. Introduction. Nucleation and Growth in Solid-State Reactions. Alloys Strengthened by Exceeding the Solubility Limit. Age Hardening or Precipitation Hardening. Effects of Aging Temperature and Time. Requirements for Age Hardening. Use of Age Hardenable Alloys at High Temperatures. The Eutectoid Reaction. Controlling the Eutectoid Reaction. The Martensitic Reaction and Tempering. Part III. ENGINEERING MATERIALS. 12. Ferrous Alloys. Introduction. Designation for Steels. Simple Heat Treatments. Isothermal Heat Treatments. Quench and Temper Heat Treatments. Effect of Alloying Elements. Application of Hardenability. Special Steels. Surface Treatments. Weldability of Steel. Stainless Steels. Phase Transformation in Cast Irons. Characteristics and Production of the Cast Irons. 13. Nonferrous Alloys. Introduction. Aluminum Alloys. Magnesium Alloys. Beryllium. Copper Alloys. Nickel and Cobalt. Titanium Alloys. Refractory Metals. 14. Ceramic Materials. Introduction. The Structure of Crystalline Ceramics. The Structure of Crystalline Silicates. Imperfections in Crystalline Ceramic Structures. The Structure of Ceramic Glasses. Mechanical Failure of Ceramics. Deformation of Ceramics at High Temperatures. Processing and Applications of Ceramic Glasses. Processing and Applications of Glass-Ceramics. Processing and Applications of Clay Products. Processing and Applications of Advanced Ceramics. Refractories. Other Ceramic Materials and Applications. 15. Polymers. Introduction. Classification of Polymers. Chain Formation by the Additional Mechanism. Chain Formation by the Condensation Mechanism. Degree of Polymerization. Arrangement of Polymer Chains in Thermoplastics. Deformation and Failure of Thermoplastics. Controlling the Structure and Properties of Thermoplastics. Elastomers (Rubbers). Thermosetting Polymers. Adhesives. Polymer Additives. Forming of Polymers. 16. Composite Materials. Introduction. Dispersion-Strengthened Composites. True Particulate Composites. Fiber-Reinforced Composites. Characteristics of Fiber-Reinforced Composites. Manufacturing Fibers and Composites. Fiber-Reinforced Systems and Applications. Laminar Composite Materials. Examples and Applications of Laminar Composites. Sandwich Structures. 17. Construction Materials. Introduction. The Structure of Wood. Moisture Content and Density of Wood. Mechanical Properties of Wood. Expansion and Contraction of Wood. Plywood. Concrete Materials. Properties of Concrete. Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete. Asphalt. Part IV. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS. 18. Electrical Behavior Of Materials. Introduction. Ohm''s Law and Electrical Conductivity. Band Theory. Controlling the Conductivity of Metals. Superconductivity. Conductivity in Other Materials. Intrinsic Semiconductors. Extrinsic Semiconductors. Applications of Semiconductors to Electrical Devices. Manufacture and Fabrication of Semiconductor Devices. Insulators and Dielectric Properties. Dipoles and Polarization. Dielectric Properties and Their Control. Dielectric Properties and Electrical Insulators. Piezoelectricity and Electrostriction. Ferroelectricity. 19. Magnetic Behavior Of Materials. Introduction. Magnetic Dipoles and Magnetic Moments. Magnetization, Permeability, and the Magnetic Field. Interactions Between Magnetic Dipoles and the Magnetic Field. Domain Structure and the Hysteresis Loop. Application of the Magnetization-Field Curve. The Curie Temperature. Magnetic Materials. 20. Optical Behavior Of Materials. Introduction. The Electromagnetic Spectrum. Examples and Use of Emission Phenomena. Interaction of Photons with a Material. Photonic Systems and Materials. Part V. PROTECTION AGAINST DETERIORATION AND FAILURE OF MATERIALS. 21. Corrosion, Wear And Failure - Origin, Detection, And Prevention. Introduction. Chemical Corrosion. Electrochemical Corrosion. The Electrode Potential in Electrochemical Cells. The Corrosion Current and Polarization. Types of Electrochemical Corrosion. Protection Against Electrochemical Corrosion. Microbial Degradation and Biodegradable Polymers. Oxidation and Other Gas Reactions. Wear and Erosion. Determining the Fracture Mechanism in Metal Failures. Fracture in Nonmetallic Materials. Source and Prevention of Failures in Metals. Nondestructive Testing Methods. 22. Corrosion and Wear. Appendix A: Selected Physical Properties of Metals. Appendix B: The Atomic and Ionic Radii of Selected Elements. Appendix C: The Electronic Configuration for Each of the Elements.
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