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Sniffy the Virtual Rat Pro, Version 2.0

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ISBN-10: 0534633609

ISBN-13: 9780534633608

Edition: 2nd 2005 (Revised)

Authors: Tom Alloway, Greg Wilson, Jeff Graham

List price: $87.95
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Bring the theories of learning to life using SNIFFY, THE VIRTUAL RAT! Instructors praise Sniffy, a realistic digital rat in an operant chamber (Skinner Box), for his ability to give students hands-on experience in setting up and conducting experiments that demonstrate the phenomena of classical and operant conditioning. Users begin by training Sniffy to press a bar to obtain food. Then, they progress to more studies of more complex learning phenomena. Throughout each, a series of "Mind Windows" enables students to visualize how Sniffy's experiences in the chamber produce the psychological changes that their textbooks discuss in connection with learning. Available on a cross-platform CD-ROM,…    
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Book details

List price: $87.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 10/5/2004
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 256
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.100
Language: English

Tom Alloway was trained by Winifred Hill at Northwestern University and is an expert in animal behavior, specifically ants, as well as operant and classical conditioning. He's the former chair at UT-Mississauga.

Greg Wilson holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Edinburgh, and has worked on high-performance scientific computing, data visualization, and computer security. He is the author of Data Crunching and Practical Parallel Programming (MIT Press, 1995), and is a contributing editor at Doctor Dobb's Journal, and an adjunct professor in Computer Science at the University of Toronto.

Preface: Installing and Running Sniffy Pro
Acknowledgments
Quick Guide to Menus and Commands
Introduction to Sniffy
Why We Created Sniffy
How We Created Sniffy, the Animated Creature
Sniffy, the Program
Sniffy Is a Learning Tool, Not a Research Tool
Applying What You Learn From Sniffy
Introduction to Classical Conditioning
A First Look at Sniffy Pro
Classical Conditioning Background
The Conditioned Emotional Response (CER)
The Design Classical Conditioning Experiment Dialog Box
The Sensitivity & Fear Mind Window
The CS Response Strength Mind Window
The Movement Ratio Window
The Cumulative Record During Classical Conditioning
The Suppression Ratio Window
Types of Associations
How to Get Reliable, Comparable Results
Putting Everything Together to Understand Classical Conditioning
Exporting Your Results to Other Programs
Printing All the Contents of a Data Window
Copying and Pasting the Visible Portion of a Window
Basic Phenomena of Classical Conditioning: Acquisition, Extinction, Spontaneous Recovery, and Stimulus Intensity Effects
Important Technical Information
Accelerating Time
Other Time-Saving Hints
Noise Control
Background to the Exercises in This Chapter
Basic Acquisition of a CR
Extinction
Spontaneous Recovery
Varying the Strength of the CS
Varying the Strength of the US
Some Questions
Something to Do
Compound Conditioning, Blocking, Overshadowing, and Overexpectation
Compound Conditioning Compared With Separate CS Pairings
The Compound Conditioning Experimental Condition
The Compound Conditioning, Separate Pairing Control Condition
Blocking
Blocking Stage 1
Blocking Stages 2 and 3
Overshadowing
Overexpectation
Summary
Some Questions
Something to Do
Inhibitory Conditioning
Prior Inhibitory Conditioning Slows Excitatory Conditioning
Setting Up the Experimental Condition
Setting Up the Control Condition
Examining the Results
Inhibitory Conditioning Measured by Response Summation
Some Questions
Something to Do
Associative Structures in Classical Conditioning: Sensory Preconditioning and Higher-Order Conditioning
Background
Sensory Preconditioning
The Experimental Condition
The Unpaired Control Condition
Higher-Order Conditioning
Stage 1 Higher-Order Conditioning
Stages 2 and 3 of Higher-Order Conditioning
Some Things to Do
The Nature of the Association in Classical Conditioning
Background
Basic Acquisition Under the Four Models
Effect on First-Order Conditioning of Habituating the UR
Basic Higher-Order Conditioning Under the Four Models
Effect on Higher-Order Conditioning of Extinguishing the First-Order CR
Effect on Higher-Order Conditioning of Habituating the UR
Some Questions
Habituation, Sensitization, Background Conditioning, and the CS and US Pre-exposure Effects
Background
Habituation, Sensitization, and Background Conditioning
CS Pre-exposure Effect
US Pre-exposure Effect
Comparing CS and US Pre-exposure With the Control
A Question
Something to Do
Introduction to Operant Conditioning
Edward Thorndike
B. F. Skinner
The Operant Chamber
Reinforcement and Punishment
Basic Operant Phenomena: Magazine Training, Shaping, Extinction, Spontaneous Recovery, and Secondary Reinforcement
Operant Conditioning: Technique
The Operant Associations Mind Window
Magazine Training
Shaping Sniffy to Press the Bar
Cumulative Records-Visualizing Sniffy's Responding
Extinction
Secondary Reinforcement
Spontaneous Recovery
Some Things to Do
Behavioral Repertoire
Another Effect of Magazine Training
The Effects of Punishment on Response Elimination
The Effect of a Single Mild Punishment
The Effect of a Single Severe Punishment
The Effect of Repeated Mild Punishment
Some Questions
Schedules of Reinforcement and the Partial-Reinforcement Effect
Background and Examples
Variable-Ratio (VR) and Variable-Interval (VI) Schedules
Fixed-Ratio (FR) Schedules
Fixed-Interval (FI) Schedules
Setting Up a Schedule in the Design Operant Conditioning Experiment Dialog Box
Placing Sniffy on a Small VR Schedule
Increasing the Value of Sniffy's VR Schedule
Variable-Interval Schedules
Fixed-Ratio Schedules
Fixed-Interval Schedules
How Realistic Are Sniffy's Schedule Performances?
The Effect of Partial Reinforcement on Extinction
Some Questions and Things to Do
Does Schedule Size Affect Overall Response Rate?
Does Schedule Size Affect Resistance to Extinction?
Stimulus Discrimination and Stimulus Generalization
Background and Theory
Setting Up Discrimination-Learning Experiments
Exporting DS Response Strength Data to a Spreadsheet or Statistical Analysis Program
Setting Up Stimulus Generalization Tests
Simple Tone-On S+ Discrimination Learning
Stimulus Generalization After Simple Tone-On S+ Discrimination Learning
Simple Tone-On S- Discrimination Learning
Stimulus Generalization After Simple Tone-On S- Discrimination Learning
S+/S- Discrimination Learning
Stimulus Generalization After S+/S- Discrimination Learning
Comparing the Three Generalization Gradients
Some Questions
Something to Do
Shaping Behaviors Other Than Bar Pressing
Shaping Sniffy to Beg
Shaping Sniffy to Wipe His Face
Shaping Sniffy to Roll
Shaping Sniffy to Perform Other Behaviors
Shaping a Cat to Beg or Walk on Its Hind Legs
Some Questions and Things to Do
How to Manage Your Sniffy Pro Files
Floppy Disks and Hard Disks
Deciding Where to Save Your Files
Getting Easy Access to the Sniffy Program and Files From Your Computer Desktop
Creating a Windows Shortcut
Placing Aliases in the Mac OS X Dock
Saving Files
Saving Files in Windows XP
Saving Files in Mac OS X
Opening Files
Opening Files in Windows XP
Opening Files in Mac OS X
Copying Files From a Hard Disk to a Floppy Disk
Instructions for Windows XP Users
Instructions for Mac OS X Users
Copying Files From a Floppy Disk to a Hard Disk
Instructions for Windows XP Users
Instructions for Mac OS X Users
Using Sniffy Pro Macintosh Files on a Windows PC and Vice Versa
Storing Files on a CD
E-mailing Files
Glossary
References
Index