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Nonverbal Communication in Human Interaction

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ISBN-10: 0534625630

ISBN-13: 9780534625634

Edition: 6th 2006 (Revised)

Authors: Mark L. Knapp, Judith A. Hall

List price: $197.95
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This introductory text is designed for courses in nonverbal communication. Using the cross-disciplinary approaches of speech and social psychology, Knapp and Hall center on how nonverbal communication research affects a wide variety of academic interests. It is the most comprehensive, most readable compendium of research and theory on nonverbal communication available. It is the standard reference in this area.
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Book details

List price: $197.95
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 3/8/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 504
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.628
Language: English

An Introduction to the Study of Nonverbal Communication
Nonverbal Communication: Basic Perspectives
Defining Nonverbal Communication
Encoding
Decoding
Classifying Nonverbal Behavior
The Communication Environment
Physical Environment
Spatial Environment
The Communicators' Physical Characteristics
Body Movement and Position
Gestures
Posture
Touching Behavior
Facial Expressions
Eye Behavior
Vocal Behavior
Nonverbal Communication in the Total Communication Process
Repeating
Conflicting
Complementing
Substituting
Accenting/Moderating
Regulating
The History of Nonverbal Studies
Nonverbal Communication in Everyday Life
Crime and Punishment
Televised Politics
Classroom Behavior
Courtship Behavior
Summary
The Roots of Nonverbal Behavior
The Development of Nonverbal Behavior Across Evolutionary Time: Phylogeny
Evidence from Sensory Deprivation
Evidence from Infants
Evidence from Twin Studies
Evidence from Nonhuman Primates
Evidence from Multicultural Studies
Summary
The Ability to Receive and Send Nonverbal Signals
Methods for Improving Nonverbal Skills
Measuring Accuracy of Decoding and Encoding Nonverbal Cues
Standardized Tests of Decoding Ability
Characteristics of Skilled Nonverbal Receivers
Gender
Other Personal Correlates of Receiving Accuracy
Task Factors Affecting Nonverbal Receiving Accuracy
Characteristics of Accurate Nonverbal Senders
The Relationship between Sending and Receiving Skills
On Being an Observer of Nonverbal Communication
The Fallibility of Human Perception
Summary
The Communication Environment
The Effects of the Environment on Human Communication
Perceptions of Our Surroundings
Perceptions of Formality
Perceptions of Warmth
Perceptions of Privacy
Perceptions of Familiarity
Perceptions of Constraint
Perceptions of Distance
Reacting to Environments
Perceptions of Time
Time as Location
Time as Duration
Time as Intervals
Time as Patterns of Intervals
The Natural Environment
Other People in the Environment
Architectural Design and Movable Objects
Color
Sound
Lighting
Movable Objects
Structure and Design
Regulating Environments and Communication
Summary
The Effects of Territory and Personal Space on Human Communication
The Concept of Territoriality
Territoriality Invasion and Defense
Density and Crowding
The Effects of High Density
Coping with High Density
Conversational Distance
Sex
Age
Cultural and Ethnic Background
Topic or Subject Matter
Setting for the Interaction
Physical Characteristics
Attitudinal and Emotional Orientation
Characteristics of the Interpersonal Relationship
Personality Characteristics
Seating Behavior and Spatial Arrangements in Small Groups
Leadership
Dominance
Task
Sex and Acquaintance
Introversion-Extraversion
Summary
The Communicators
The Effects of Physical Characteristics on Human Communication
Our Body: Its General Attractiveness
Dating and Marriage
On the Job
Persuading Others
Self-Esteem
Antisocial Behavior
The Power of Physical Attractiveness: Some Important Qualifications
The Effects of Interaction
The Effects of Other Factors
Changing Standards over Time
Our Body: Its Specific Features
The Face
Body Shape
Height
Body Image
Body Color
Body Smell
Body Hair
Our Body: Clothes and Other Artifacts
Clothing and Communication
Functions of Clothing
Clothing as Information about the Person
Effects of Clothing on the Wearer
Clothing and Personality
Artifacts and Body Decoration
Summary
The Communicators' Behavior
The Effects of Gesture and Posture on Human Communication
Speech-Independent Gestures
Speech-Related Gestures
Referent-Related Gestures
Speaker's-Relationship-to-the-Referent Gestures
Punctuation Gestures
Interactive Gestures
The Coordination of Gesture, Posture, and Speech
Self-Synchrony
Interaction Synchrony
Summary
The Effects of Touch on Human Communication
Touching and Human Development
Who Touches Whom, Where, and How Much?
Different Types of Touching Behavior
The Meanings and Impact of Interpersonal Touch
Touch as Positive Affect
Touch as Negative Affect
Touch as Play
Touch as Influence
Touch as Interaction Management
Touch as Physiological Stimulus
Touch as Interpersonal Responsiveness
Touch as Task Related
Touch as Healing
Touch as Symbolism
Contextual Factors in the Meaning of Interpersonal Touch
Touch--A Powerful Unconscious Force in Interaction
Cultural Differences in Touching Behavior
Self-Touching
Summary
The Effects of the Face on Human Communication
The Face and Personality Judgments
The Face and Interaction Management
Channel Control
Complementing or Qualifying Other Behavior
Replacing Spoken Messages
The Face and Expressions of Emotion
The Face--A Complex Stimulus
The Facial Emotion Controversy
Measuring the Face
Judging Facial Expressions of Emotion
Emotions Inferred from the Face
Physiology and the Face
The Social Impact of Facial Expressions
Summary
The Effects of Eye Behavior on Human Communication
Gaze and Mutual Gaze
Functions of Gazing
Regulating the Flow of Communication
Monitoring Feedback
Reflecting Cognitive Activity
Expressing Emotions
Communicating the Nature of the Interpersonal Relationship
Conditions Influencing Gazing Patterns
Distance
Physical Characteristics
Personal and Personality Characteristics
Topics and Tasks
Cultural Background and Racial Attitudes
Pupil Dilation and Constriction
Summary
The Effects of Vocal Cues That Accompany Spoken Words
The Ingredients of Paralanguage
Vocal Cues and Speaker Recognition
Vocal Cues and Personality
Vocal Cues and Group Perceptions
Vocal Cues and Judgments of Sociodemographic Characteristics
Sex
Age
Social Class/Status
Target Effects
Vocal Cues and Emotion
Vocal Cues, Comprehension, and Persuasion
Vocal Cues, Comprehension, and Retention
Vocal Cues and Persuasion
Vocal Cues and Turn Taking in Conversations
Turn Yielding
Turn Requesting
Turn Maintaining
Turn Denying
Hesitations, Pauses, Silence, and Speech
Location or Placement of Pauses
Types of Pauses
Reasons Why Pauses Occur
Response Latency and Talking Time
Silence
Summary
Communicating Important Messages
Putting It All Together: Multisignal Messages
Communicating Intimacy
Communicating Dominance/Status
Managing the Interaction
Greeting Behavior
Turn-Taking Behavior
Leave-Taking Behavior
Communicating Our Identity
Personal Identity
Social Identity
Deceiving Others
A Perspective for Communicators
Credits
Author Index
Subject Index