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Presidential Leadership Politics and Policy Making

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ISBN-10: 0534604021

ISBN-13: 9780534604028

Edition: 7th 2006 (Revised)

Authors: George C. Edwards, Stephen J. Wayne

List price: $177.95
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Description:

From routine operations to the workings of a White House in crisis, this comprehensive, best-selling text examines all facets of the presidency in rich detail. George C. Edwards and Stephen J. Wayne use an engaging combination of analytical prose and timely, fascinating examples to examine the presidency from two theoretical standpoints--the President as "facilitator," and the President as "director of change." Their theoretical (versus chronological) approach, combined with the currency and relevance of the material covered in the text, have made PRESIDENTIAL LEADERSHIP: POLITICS AND POLICY MAKING the most comprehensive and best-selling text available today for your presidential studies…    
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Book details

List price: $177.95
Edition: 7th
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 7/20/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 576
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.584
Language: English

George C. Edwards III is University Distinguished Professor of Political Science and the Jordan Chair in Presidential Studies at Texas A&M University. His many books include "The Strategic President." He is the editor of "Presidential Studies Quarterly."

Stephen J. Wayne is a well-known author and lecturer on the American presidency and electoral politics. A professor of government at Georgetown University since 1988 and a Washington-based "insider" for more than 40 years, Wayne has written or edited 12 books and authored over 100 articles, chapters, and reviews that have appeared in professional journals, scholarly compilations, newspapers, and magazines. At Georgetown, Wayne teaches courses on the presidency, elections, and psychology and politics. Wayne is frequently quoted by White House journalists and regularly appears on television and radio news shows. He lectures widely at home and abroad to international visitors, college…    

Preface
About the Authors
Presidential Leadership: An Introduction
The Original Presidency
The Creation of the Institution
The Scope of Article II
The Evolution of the Presidency
Policy-Making Roles
Organizational Structure
Public Dimensions
Problems of Contemporary Leadership
Approaches to Studying the Presidency
Legal
Institutional
Political Power
Psychological
Summary
Orientation and Organization of This Book
Thinking about Leadership: Two Perspectives
Conceptual Focus
A Preview
Selected Readings
Notes
The Nomination Process
The Evolution of the System
Changes in the Political Arena
Party Reforms
Campaign Finance
Public Relations
The Quest for the Nomination: A Strategic Game Plan
Non-Front-Runners
Pulpit Candidates
Front-Runners
The Noncompetitive Phase of the Nomination Process
Launching the Presidential Campaign: The National Conventions
Characteristics of the Nominees
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Web Exercises
Selected Readings
Notes
The Presidential Election
The Strategic Environment
The Electoral College
The Polity
Financial Considerations
News Coverage
The Presidential Campaign
Creating an Organization
Designing an Image
Projecting a Partisan Appeal
Building a Winning Coalition
Media Tactics
The Meaning of the Election
Predictions and Polls
Analyzing the Results
Assessing the Mandate
Converting the Electoral Coalition for Governance
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Web Exercises
Selected Readings
Notes
The President and the Public
Understanding Public Opinion
Americans' Opinions
Public Opinion Polls
Presidential Election Results
Mail from the Public
Acting Contrary to Public Opinion
Public Expectations of the President
High Expectations
Contradictory Expectations
Public Approval of the President
Levels of Approval
Party Identification
Positivity Bias
The Persistence of Approval
Long-Term Decline
Personality or Policy?
Personal Characteristics
Issues
Rally Events
Leading the Public
Direct Opinion Leadership
Framing Issues
The Use of Symbols
Public Relations
Success of Opinion Leadership
Information Control
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Web Exercises
Selected Readings
Notes
The President and the Media
The Evolution of Media Coverage
Relations between the President and the Press
The White House Press Corps
The Presidential Press Operation
The Presidential Press Conference
Services for the Press
Managing the News
Press Coverage of the President
Leaks
Superficiality
Bias
Media Effects
Setting the Public's Agenda
Media Framing and Priming
Public Knowledge
Limiting the President's Options
Undermining the President
Limits on Media Effects
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Web Exercises
Selected Readings
Notes
The President's Office
Organizing Executive Advice
The Evolution of the Cabinet
The Creation of a Presidential Bureaucracy
Consequences of Structural Change
Providing a Presidential Staffing System
The Early Years
The Personalized White House, 1939 to 1960
The Institutionalized White House, 1960 to the Present
Trends in White House Staffing
The Growth of the Vice Presidency
The President's Spouse
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Web Exercises
Selected Readings
Notes
Presidential Decision Making
Previous Commitments
Time Constraints
Organization and Style of Decision Making
White House Organization
The Form of Advice
Multiple Advocacy
Presidential Involvement
Relationships with Advisers
Disagreeing with the President
Discouraging Advice
Groupthink
Staff Rivalries
Loss of Perspective
Role Conceptions
Bureaucratic Politics and Decision Making
Organizational Parochialism
Maintaining the Organization
Organizational and Personal Influence
Bureaucratic Structure
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Web Exercises
Selected Readings
Notes
The Psychological Presidency
Qualifications for Office
Social and Political Background
Physical Attributes and General Health
Psychological Orientation
Cognitive Dimensions
Impact of Worldviews
Managing Inconsistency
Presidential Style
White House Staff Relationships
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Web Exercises
Selected Readings
Notes
The President and the Executive Branch
Lack of Attention to Implementation
Communication of Presidential Decisions
Transmission
Clarity
Consistency
Resources
Money
Staff
Authority
Facilities and Equipment
Dispositions
White House Distrust
Bureaucratic Responsiveness to the President
Staffing the Bureaucracy
Limiting Discretion
The Bureaucratic Structure
Standard Operating Procedures
Fragmentation
Follow-Up
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Web Exercises
Selected Readings
Notes
The President and Congress
Formal Legislative Powers
Sources of Conflict between the Executive and Legislative Branches
Constituencies
Internal Structures
Information and Expertise
Time Perspectives
Agenda Setting
Party Leadership
Party Support of the President
Leading the Party
Public Support
Public Approval
Mandates
Evaluating Strategic Position
Presidential Legislative Skills
Congressional Liaison
Personal Appeals
Bargaining
Services and Amenities
Pressure
Consultation
Setting Priorities
Moving Quickly
Structuring Choice
The Context of Influence
The Impact of Legislative Skills
The Veto
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Web Exercises
Selected Readings
Notes
The President and the Judiciary
Judicial Selection
Selection of Lower-Court Judges
Backgrounds of Lower-Court Judges
Selection of Supreme Court Justices
Characteristics of Justices
President-Supreme Court Relations
Molding the Court
Arguments in the Courts
Enforcing Court Decisions
Other Relationships
Complying with the Court
Presidential Compliance
Deference to the President
Judicial Powers
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Web Exercises
Selected Readings
Notes
Domestic Policy Making
The Development of a Policy-Making Role
Institutionalizing Presidential Initiatives
Changing Policy Environment
The Office of Management and Budget and the Executive Branch
Exercising Central Clearance
Issuing Statements of Administration Policy
Coordinating Executive Branch Advice
Reviewing Agency Regulations
Overseeing Executive Orders
Decision Making in and by the OMB
The Evolution of White House Policy Making
Structural Orientation
Stylistic Differences
Strategies for Policy Making
Accommodating External Forces
Building a Policy Agenda
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Web Exercises
Selected Readings
Notes
Budgetary and Economic Policy Making
The Federal Budget
The Battle of the Budget: President Versus Congress
The Budget Makers
The President
The Office of Management and Budget
The Executive Departments and Agencies
The Congress
Presidential Leadership and the Budget
Domestic Economic Policy Making
Foreign Economic Policy Making
Economic Policy Makers
The Department of the Treasury
The Federal Reserve Board
The Council of Economic Advisers
The Office of Management and Budget
International Economic Advisers
The Coordination of Economic Advice
The Politics of Economic Policy Making
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Web Exercises
Selected Readings
Notes
Foreign and Defense Policy Making
Constitutional and Statutory Authority
The Original Design
The Exercise of Powers
The Expansion of a Policy-Making Role
Incentives for Presidential Leadership
Policy Goals and Presidential Success: The Two Presidentices Thesis
The Development of an Advisory System
The Executive Departments
The National Security Council
The Special Assistant for National Security Affairs
Assessing the Advisory System
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Web Exercises
Selected Readings
Notes
The Unilateral Presidency
Executive Orders and Proclamations
Executive Agreements and Foreign Policy Doctrines
Command Authority: The President's War Powers
Historical Precedents
Congressional Acquiescence
Checks and Balances Restored
Legislative Veto
Judicial Pardons
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Web Exercises
Selected Readings
Notes