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Comparative Politics Domestic Responses to Global Challenges

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ISBN-10: 0534572804

ISBN-13: 9780534572808

Edition: 4th 2003

Authors: Charles Hauss

List price: $259.95
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Balancing theory and application, this comprehensive text uses a unique theme to engage students in thinking and discussing comparative politics--the theme of domestic responses to global challenges. COMPARATIVE POLITICS introduces the key concepts and examines the growing interdependence among strong and weak states through the discussion of 12 countries, including the U.S. and the European community. The countries discussed are categorized by economic development, helping students develop their skills of comparison, synthesis and interpretation amongst countries of similar economic status. Students will gain an understanding of some of the most important general trends, an exposure to…    
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Book details

List price: $259.95
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 7/15/2002
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 560
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 2.200
Language: English

List of Figures
List of Tables
Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Seeking New Lands, Seeing with New Eyes
Dangers and Opportunities in a Shrinking World
Leaders in Transition
The State: One Focus among Many
What Is the State?
Types of States
Strong and Weak States
Comparative Politics
Three Templates
The Political System
Historical and Contemporary Factors
State, Society, and Globalization
Five Themes
Using This Book
Industrialized Democracies
The Industrialized Democracies
Four Elections
The United States
Great Britain
France
Germany
Common and Not-So-Common Themes
Thinking about Democracy
The Basics
Which Countries Are Democracies?
Key Questions
The Origins of the Democratic State
The Origins of Democratic Thought
Building Democracies
Political Culture and Participation
The Civic Culture?
Political Parties and Elections
Catch-All Parties
New Divisions
Realignment?
Interest Groups
Political Protest
The Democratic State
Presidential and Parliamentary Systems
The Rest of the State
Public Policy
The Interventionist State
Foreign Policy
Feedback
Conclusion: The Worst Form of Government Except for All the Others?
The United States
A More Normal Election
Thinking about the United States
The Making of the American State
The Constitutional Order
Since the Founders
The American People and Politics
The American Political Culture
Parties and Elections
Social Movements
The Weak American State
The Legislative Process
The Rest of the Weak State
Consensus Policy Making
Public Policy
Feedback
Conclusion: American Exceptionalism
Great Britain
Tony's Tough Week
Thinking about Britain
Key Questions
The Basics
The Evolution of the British State
The Broad Sweep of British History
The Collectivist Consensus
British Political Culture
The Civic Culture and the Collectivist Years
The Politics of Protest: Toward an Uncivic Culture?
The Civic Culture Holds
Will There Always Be a Britain?
Political Participation
The Conservatives
Labour
The Liberal Democrats
Minor Parties
The British Electorate
Interest Groups
The British State: Enduring Myths and Changing Realities
The Monarchy and the Lords: Still Dignified?
Parliamentary Sovereignty-Sort of
Cabinet Government?
The Rest of the State
Public Policy: The Thatcher and Blair Revolutions
Domestic Politics
Foreign Policy
Feedback
Conclusion: Blair's Legacy and British Democracy
France
Not a Contradiction in Terms
Thinking about France
Key Questions
The Basics
The Evolution of the French State: Centuries of Turmoil
Transformation and Division
Traditional Republican Politics: A Vicious Circle
From the Fourth to the Fifth Republic
French Political Culture: From Alienation toward Consensus
Taming Political Protest
New Divisions
Political Participation
Renewing the Party System
Why These Changes Happened: The French Electoral System
Parity: A Victory for Feminism?
Interest Groups
The French State
A New Constitution for a New State
The Integrated Elite
Local Government
The Courts
The Changing Role of the State
Public Policy: The Pursuit of Grandeur
Economic Policy
The Politics of Headscarves
Foreign Policy
Feedback
Conclusion: A Remarkable Turnaround
Germany
A Telling Snapshot
Thinking about Germany
The Basics
Key Questions
The Evolution of the German State: The German Questions
Unification and the Kaiser's Reich
Weimar and the Rise of Hitler
The Third Reich
Occupation and the Two Germanys
Building a Democratic Germany
Creating a Democratic Political Culture
Political Participation
Parties and the Electoral Process
The Christian Democrats
The Social Democrats
The Free Democratic Party
The Greens
The Party of Democratic Socialism
The Far Right
Interest Groups
The German State: A Smoothly Functioning Democracy
Chancellor Democracy
The Bundestag
The Bundesrat
The Federal System
The Civil Service
The Constitutional Court
Corporatism
Public Policy: Modell Deutschland
The Social Market Economy
Unification
Feedback
Conclusion: Democratization
The European Union
You Say You Want a Constitution?
Thinking about the EU
Who's In? Who's Out?
The New Europe
Three Pillars
Key Questions
The Evolution of the EU
Not Such a New Idea
Creating the Common Market
Political Culture and Participation in the EU
The European State?
The Commission
The Council
The European Court of Justice
The European Parliament
The Complexity of EU Decision Making
Next Steps?
The EU and National Sovereignty
Public Policy in the EU
The Internal Market
The Common Agricultural Policy
Feedback
Conclusion: A Balance Sheet
The Crisis of Communism
Current and Former Communist Regimes
Good Bye, Lenin
Thinking about the Current and Former Communist Regimes
Thinking about Communism
The Leninist State
Command Economies
Key Questions
Socialism, Marxism, Leninism
Socialism
Marxism
Marxism-Leninism
Stalinism
Expansion
De-Stalinization
The Marxist-Leninist State
The Party State
The Graying of Communism
The Crisis of Communism: Suicide by Public Policy
Reform: Too Little, Too Late
1989: The Year That Changed the World
The Remnants of the Communist World
Transitions
(Relative) Success: Eastern and Central Europe
Troubled Transitions: The Former Soviet Union
Ethnic Conflict
What's Left of Marxism?
Feedback
Conclusion: The End of an Era
Russia
Guilty until Proven Guilty
Thinking about Russia
The Basics
Key Questions
The Evolution of the Russian State
The Broad Sweep of Russian History
Prelude to Revolution
Lenin and the (Wrong?) Revolution
Stalin, Terror, and the Modernization of the Soviet Union
Khrushchev, Brezhnev, and the Politics of Decline
The Collapse of the Soviet State: The Gorbachev Years
Crisis and Collapse
Between Dictatorship and Democracy
Birth Pangs
Putin and Stability
Political Culture and Participation
Political Culture
Political Parties and Elections
The Russian State
The Presidency
The Oligarchs
The Parliament
The Bureaucracy
The Judiciary
The Federation
The Military
Public Policy
The Economy
Foreign Policy
Feedback
Conclusion: Half Empty or Half Full
China
Hu's on First
Thinking about China
The Basics
Key Questions
The Evolution of the Chinese State
The Broad Sweep of Chinese History
A Failed Revolution
China Stands Up
Factionalism
Since Mao's Death
Political Culture and Participation
A Blank Slate? A Cultural Revolution?
Participation from the Top Down
From the Bottom Up?
Dissent
The Party State
A New Kind of Party?
The Road to Power
Variations on a Theme
Public Policy: Perestroika without Glasnost
Economic Reform
Foreign Policy
Feedback
Conclusion: Kadan or Communism?
The Third World
The Third World
Coltan and Politics
Thinking about the Third World
The Basics
Key Questions
The Evolution of Politics in the Third World
Imperialism and Its Legacy
Independence
Postcolonial Problems
Political Culture in the Third World
Identity
Ethnic and Other Divisions
A Lack of Legitimacy
Political Participation in the Third World
Weak States
Types of States
States and Power
Public Policy: The Myths and Realities of Development
Import Substitution
Structural Adjustment
The International Financial Institutions
Foreign Aid
Microcredit
Feedback
Conclusion: Democratization
India
Who Gives a Dam?
Thinking about India
The Basics
Key Questions
The Evolution of Indian Politics
The Weight of History
British Colonialism
The Struggle for Independence
The New Republic
Centralization and Fragmentation
Coalition Politics
Political Culture
Challenges to Culture and Country
Support for the Regime
The Challenge of Modernization
Political Participation
The End of the Congress System
The BJP
The Other Parties
The Election of 2004
Interest Groups
The Indian State
The Constitution
Parliament
The Bureaucracy
Federalism
Public Policy
Confronting Communal Violence
Stimulating the Economy
Feedback
Conclusion: Democracy in India and the Third World
Iran
Teaching Lolita in Tehran
Iran: The Basics
Persia versus Iran
Shiite versus Sunni
Persia versus Shiism
Social and Economic Conditions
Key Questions
The Evolution of the Iranian State
Before Islam
The Arrival and Consolidation of Islam
The Last Shahs
The Islamic Republic
The People and Politics
Political Culture
Protest and Challenges to the Islamic Republic
Elections and the Propects for Democracy in Iran
The Iranian State
The Unelected Elements
The Elected Institutions
The Routinization of Charisma
Public Policy
Faith and Gender
The Economy
Iran and the United States: Axis of Evil?
Feedback
Conclusion: Uncertainty
Iraq
Before We Begin
What a Difference a Year Can Make-In Either Direction
Thinking about Iraq
The Basics
The Evolution of the Iraqi State
Political Culture and Participation
The State under Saddam Hussein
Public Policy
The Third War and the New Iraq
A Decade of Tension
The Third War
Occupation and Insurgency
The Insurrection
The New Iraq?
Feedback
Nigeria
A New Democracy?
Thinking about Nigeria
Poverty
Ethnicity
High Stakes Politics
Key Questions
The Evolution of the Nigerian State
Before the British
Colonization
Colonial Rule
Independence
The First Republic
Military Rule I
The Second Republic
Military Rule II
Military Rule III
Political Culture
Mass Political Culture
Elite Culture
Nonelectoral Participation
Political Parties and Elections
The Fragile Nigerian State
The Fourth Republic
The Personalization of Power
Corruption
Federalism
Public Policy
Democratization
Economic Development and Structural Adjustment
Feedback
Nigeria and the Plight of the Third World
Mexico
A Failing Presidency?
Thinking about Mexico
The Basics
Big Brother Is Watching
Key Questions
The Evolution of Mexican Politics
The Colonial Era
Independence
The Revolution
Institutionalizing the Revolution
Cardenas and His Legacy
An Institutional Revolutionary Party
Political Culture
Political Participation
The PRI and Its Hold on Power
The Other Parties
The People, the PRI, and Civil Society
The Mexican State
Nonreelection and Presidential Domination
The Cabinet, the Bureaucracy, and the Judiciary
Congress and the Legislative Process
The Federal System
The Military
Corporatism and Corruption
Public Policy
Debt and Development
U.S.-Mexican Relations
Feedback
Conclusion: Mexico and the Third World
Conclusion
Danger...and Opportunity
Crisis
Danger
The Growing Cost of Violence and War
Environmental Abuse
The Perilous Global Economy
Lives without Dignity
The Wheel of Fortune
Constraints on States and Citizens
Opportunity: A Change in the Way We Think
Ways of Thinking
Conventional Values
Cooperative Problem Solving
Thinking Systemically
Conclusion: Student and Citizen