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African Politics and Society A Mosaic in Transformation

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ISBN-10: 053456769X

ISBN-13: 9780534567699

Edition: 2nd 2004 (Revised)

Authors: Peter J. Schraeder

List price: $127.95
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AFRICAN POLITICS AND SOCIETY: A MOSAIC IN TRANSFORMATION is the first single-authored textbook to examine continuity and change in African politics and society from the pre-colonial era to the present. It fills the needs of those with little prior knowledge while balancing this background information with thorough analysis for those already familiar with the subject. An emphasis has been placed on making sense of general developments on the African continent as a whole while introducing the distinctive natures of Africa's 53 countries. Each chapter emphasizes the major trends associated with a topic, trends that are further explored through illustrative case studies that represent all…    
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Book details

List price: $127.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 7/21/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 416
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.628
Language: English

About This Volume
Illustrations, Tables, and Boxes
About the Author
Understanding African Politics and Society
Africa Is a Rich Mosaic of Diversity
Necessity of a Continental Perspective
To Understand the Present, One Must Understand the Past
A Continent in Transformation
Influential Impact of the International System
Central Importance of the Domestic Dimension
Balancing Afro-Pessimism and Afro-Optimism
Undertaking Further Research
Historical Context
Politics and Economics of the Precolonial Independence Era (Before 1884)
Segmented Political Systems
Band Organization
Classical Segmented System
Universalistic Segmented System
Ritually Stratified Segmented System
Autonomous Village System
Centralized Political Systems
Pyramidal Monarchy
Associational Monarchy
Centralized Monarchy
Economic Systems and Trade
Diplomacy and Warfare
Women and Gender
Political and Economic Impacts of Colonialism (1884-1951)
Early Contacts with Europe and the Arab World
Imposition of Direct Colonial Rule
Political-Military Impacts of Colonialism
Application of the European Nation-State System to Africa
Division of African Nations among Several States
Incorporation of Several African Nations into One State
Destruction of Traditional Checks-and-Balances
Reinforcement of Patriarchal Forms of Governance
Authoritarian Political Legacy
Socioeconomic Impacts of Colonialism
Creation of Closed Economic Systems
Creation of Export-Oriented Mono-Crop or Mono-Mineral Economies
Promotion of Perverse Infrastructural Development
Strengthening of Gender Bias in National Development
Authoritarian Legacy of the State
Nationalism and the Emergence of the Contemporary Independence Era (1951-Present)
Trends in African Nationalism
Domestic Influences on the Rise of Nationalism
Creation of Administrative Centers and the Rise of Urbanization
Educational Training and Development
Formation and Spread of Voluntary Associations
International Influences on the Rise of Nationalism
Spread of Pan-Africanism
Involvement of African Soldiers in World War I and World War II
Demonstration Effect of Decolonization in Asia
Shifting Structure of the International System
Self-Determination and the Rise of Secessionist Movements
Sociocultural Environment
Ethnicity and Class
Ethnic Dimension of African Politics and Society
Ethnic Intermediaries and the Creation of Ethnic Compacts
Ethnic Violence and the Breakdown of Ethnic Compacts
Class Dimension of African Politics and Society
Class Divisions in African Society
Class Cooperation and Conflict
Competing Explanations of the Nigerian Civil War (1967-1970)
Perceiving Events through an Ethnic Lens
Perceiving Events through a Class Lens
Continuing Debate
Ideology and the Politics of Development
Evolution of African Development Ideologies
Ideology and Development Choice
Primary Purpose of Development
Primary Engine of Development
Role of Agriculture in National Development
Perception of the Rural Peasantry
Role of Foreign Powers and Investment
Ideology and Development Performance
Economic Growth
Socioeconomic Equality
Autonomy from Foreign Control
Human Dignity
Political Participation
Toward a Capitalist-Socialist Hybrid?
Politics of the African Novel
Political Dilemmas Faced by the African Novelist
Political Themes of the African Novel during the Early Years
Re-Creation of Africa's Past
Colonial Intrusion
Colonial Injustice
Nationalism and Independence
Disenchantment with Elites
Freedom as Despair
Status of Women in African Society
Emergence of Politically Committed African Novelists
Neglected Popular Elements of Society
Destructive Nature of Societal Divisions
Promoting Gender Equality
Nuruddin Farah and the Politics of Commitment in Somalia
Early Years as Critic of Social Injustice
Qualified Optimism after the 1969 Military Coup d'Etat
Opposition to the Dictatorship of Siad Barre
Evolving African Identity
Politics of the African Novel in Perspective
Continuity and Change in Governance
State and Civil Society
Concentration of State Power at the Expense of Civil Society
Africanization of the State
Bureaucratic Expansion and the Growth of Parastatals
Dismantling of Institutional Checks-and-Balances
Co-Optation and the Silencing of Civil Society
Expansion of the Coercive Apparatus
Creation of Personal Rule Networks
Crisis of the State and the Resurgence of Civil Society
Deepening Economic Crisis
Growing Inability to Provide Social Goods
Resurgence of Civil Society
Intensification of Domestic Violence and Conflict
In Search of a State-Society Balance
Military Coups d'Etat and Military Governance
Trends in Military Coups d'Etat
Role of the Military in Political Governance
Civilian Supremacy Model
Watchdog Model
Balance Wheel Model
Direct Rule Model
Social Transformation Model
Myths Concerning the Effectiveness of Military Governance
Military Enjoys Greater Legitimacy
Military Rule Is More Efficient
Military Is Best Able to Maintain Stability
Military Constitutes a Better Unifying Structure
Military Is Best Prepared to Promote Development
Demilitarization and Transitions to Civilian Rule
Democratic Experiments and Multiparty Politics
Establishment of Single-Party Political Systems
Political Transition and Experimentation with Multiparty Politics
Change via Multiparty Elections
Change via the National Conference
Guided Democratization
Co-Opted Transitions
Authoritarian Reaction
Civil War and Contested Sovereignty
Democratic Consolidation or Decay?
Foreign Relations
Foreign Policy Making and the Pursuit of Pan-Africanism
Understanding the Foreign Policy-Making Context
President and Bureaucracies of the Executive Branch
Role of National Legislatures in Foreign Policy
Foreign Policy Impact of Nongovernmental Actors
Pan-Africanism and the Search for African Unity
Regional Economic Cooperation and Integration
Africa in World Politics
Role of Foreign Powers
Great Powers and African during the Cold War (1947-1989)
Complementary Interests among the Western Powers
Africa as a Proxy Battlefield for East-West Conflict
Contradictions in the Search for Allies
Cold War to Cold Peace (1989-Present)
Evolving Foreign Policy Interests
Economic Competition among the Great Powers
Rhetoric versus Reality in Support for Democratization
Involvement in the United Nations
Influence of International Financial Institutions
Evolving Equation of Military Intervention
Rival Theoretical Perspectives
Study of Africa in the Liberal Tradition
Predominance of Modernization Theory (1950s-Early 1960s)
Rise of Modernization Revisionism (Late 1960s)
Concern with Stability and the Politics of Order (Late 1960s-Early 1970s)
Demands for Policy Relevance and Public Policy Research (Mid-1970s-1980s)
New Directions (1990s-Present)
Study of Africa in the Critical Tradition
Dependency Theory and the Development of Underdevelopment (Late 1960s-Early 1970s)
Circulationist Revisions of Dependency Theory (1970s)
Marxism's Impact on the Development of Critical Thought (Early 1970s)
Marxism and the Emergence of a Neo-Marxist School of Thought (Late 1970s-1980s)
New Directions (1990s-Present)
List of Acronyms
Country Name Changes in Africa during the Contemporary Independence Era
Political Leadership in Africa during the Contemporary Independence Era