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Sociology Discovering Society

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ISBN-10: 0534565220

ISBN-13: 9780534565220

Edition: 2nd 2000 (Guide (Pupil's))

Authors: Jean Stockard

List price: $98.95
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Book details

List price: $98.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2000
Publisher: CENGAGE Learning
Publication date: 9/3/1999
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 224
Size: 7.75" wide x 9.50" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.836
Language: English

Doing Sociology
What Is Sociology?
The Sociological Imagination
Looking at Individual Experiences with a Sociological Perspective
Dispassionately Looking at the Passion of Life
A Passionate Science: How Sociology Developed
Responding to Social Ferment: The Classical Theorists
Building Concepts: The Perspectives of Four Major Classical Theorists
Sociology Today
Building Concepts: Macrolevel, Mesolevel, and Microlevel Analysis
Discovering Sociology: Three Key Themes
Sociologists at Work: Janet Chafetz
Methodology and Social Research
Asking Questions: The Logic of Social Research
Steps in Research
Variables, Correlation, and Causation
Gathering Data: Observing Social Structure and Social Action
Sampling: Choosing Cases to Study
Measurement: Finding Real-Life Indicators of Theoretical Concepts
Observation: Gathering Data on the Social World
Answering Questions: Data Analysis and Theory Revisions
Analyzing the Data
Asking More Questions
Applying Sociology to Social Issues: Being an Aware Consumer of Sociology in the Media
Ethical Issues in Research
Protecting Research Subjects
Sociologists at Work: Lawrence Sherman
Separating Personal Views and Research Findings
Individuals and Society
Culture and Ethnicity
Cultural Universals and Variability
Caring for Children and Each Other
Making Sense of the World
Explaining Cultural Variations and Regularities
Understanding Cultural Dynamics
Building Concepts: Structural Functionalism and Cultural Materialism
Culture at the Microlevel: Cultural Identity
A Nation of Subcultures
Cultural Identity and Ethnocentrism
Understanding Ethnic Groups and Subcultures: The Chicago School
Ethnic Identity in the United States Today
Featured Research Study: Creating Ethnic Identities
Sociologists at Work: Mary Waters
Applying Sociology to Social Issues: Measuring Ethnic Identity and Race-Ethnicity
Ethnic Identity: Limited Choices for People of Color
Socialization and the Life Course
Becoming Part of the Social World
The Interaction of Biology and Environment
Social Networks and Social Roles
Targets and Agents of Socialization
Early Socialization: Interactions with Parents and Peers
Theoretical Perspectives on Learning and Development
Developing a Notion of the Self
Building Concepts: Theoretical Perspectives on Learning and Development
Aspects of the Self: A Developmental View
Social Roles and Self-Identity
Featured Research Study: Developing Gender Schemas: The Influence of Peer Groups
Sociologists at Work: Gary Fine
Socialization Through the Life Course
Developmental Change or Age Effects
History or Period Effects
Peer Group or Cohort Effects
Applying Sociology to Social Issues: Developing Healthy Children
Social Interaction and Social Relationships
Linking Social Actors: Social Networks
Opportunities and Constraints in Networks
Social Capital
Creating Social Structure Through Interactions: Three Perspectives
Balancing Costs and Benefits: Exchange Theory
Norms Associated with our Place in Society: Role Theory
Taking Others' Roles: Symbolic Interaction Theory
Building Concepts: Exchange Theory, Role Theory, and Symbolic Interactionism
Producing Social Structure Through Interactions: Nonverbal and Verbal Communication
Actions and Social Ties: Nonverbal Interaction
Words and Social Ties: Verbal Interaction
Interactions in Groups: The Influence of Status Characteristics
Expectation States Theory
Featured Research Study: Overcoming Status Generalizations
Sociologists at Work: Elizabeth Cohen
Status Attainment: Social Networks, Social Interaction, and Life Chances
Applying Sociology to Social Issues: Status Characteristics and Effective Group Interactions
Deviance and Social Control
Defining Deviance
Patterns of Deviance: Crime in the United States
Defining and Measuring Crime
Changes in Crime over Time
Patterns in Victimization
The Inevitability of Deviance: The Classical Theorists
Durkheim: Deviance and the Collective Consciousness
Marx: Social Control and Maintenance of Power
Weber: Legitimation of Social Control
Building Concepts: Perspectives on Deviance and Social Control
Explaining Deviant Actions: Contemporary Middle-Range Theories
Deviance as the Result of Interactions: Labeling Theory
Positions within Society: Strain Theory
The Importance of Peer Groups: Differential Association and Subcultures of Deviance
Relationships and Social Bonds: Control Theory
Sociologists at Work: Freda Adler
Featured Research Study: Deviance and Crime over the Life Course
Applying Sociology to Social Issues: Street Kids, Social Capital, and Deviant Behavior
Social Inequality
Social Stratification
Social Stratification in the United States
Stratification in Local Communities: Yankee City
Measuring Prestige and Social Class Today
Why Does Stratification Exist? Four Theoretical Perspectives
Economic Exploitation: Marxian Views
Bargaining Power in the Economy: Weber's Views
Building Concepts: Why Does Stratification Exist?
Supply and Demand of Special Skills: A Functionalist Perspective
Societal Complexity and Technology: Lenski's Views
The American Dream: Mobility, Poverty, Wealth, and Power
Social Mobility
Poverty and Inequality
Applying Sociology to Socila Issues: Childhood Poverty: Looking at Other Countries
Featured Research Study: The Wealthy in America
Sociologists at Work: Michael Allen
Racial-Ethnic Stratification
Racial-Ethnic Groups and Stratification in the United States
Racial-Ethnic Groups in the U.S. Population
Racial-Ethnic Stratification and Social Stratification
Social Structure and Racial-Ethnic Stratification
The Pre-Civil War South: The Plantation Economy and Racial-Caste Oppression
The Civil War to World War II: Industrialization, Segregation, and a Split Labor Market
World War II to the Present: Advanced Industrialization and a Segmented Occupational Structure
Sociologists at Work: William Julius Wilson
Individual Discrimination: Social Actions and Racial-Ethnic Stratification
Prejudiced Attitudes
Discriminatory Actions
Prejudice and Discrimination in Everyday Life
Prejudice and "Group Threat": Linking Macro- and Microlevels of Analysis to Diminish Prejudice
Featured Research Study: Group Threat and Racial-Ethnic Prejudice: The Work of Lincoln Quillian
Decreasing Group Threat in Everyday Interactions: The Contact Hypothesis
Applying Sociology to Social Issues: Creating an Equitable Environment: The Case of the United States Army
Gender Stratification
Comparing Gender, Racial-Ethnic, and Social Stratification
Gender Segregation and Stratification
Gender Stratification in Preindustrial Societies
Gender Stratification in Contemporary Societies
Explaining Gender Segregation and Stratification
Sociologists at Work: Paula England
The Structure of the Occupational World
Social Actions of Employers and Employees
Building Concepts Macrolevel and Microlevel Theories on Gender Segregation and Stratification
A Psychoanalytic View of Gender Stratification
Sociologists at Work: Michael Kimmel
Featured Research Study: Testing Psychoanalytic Theory
Applying Sociology to Social Issues: Understanding Sexual Harassment
Social Organizations and Social Institutions
The Family
Defining Social Institutions
Sociological Study of the Family
Variations in Family Forms: A Macrolevel View
Cross-Cultural Variations in the Family
The Changing Family in the United States
The Family as a Social Group: A Mesolevel View
Family Structure: A Combination of Statuses
Family Roles: Obligations and Expectations
Family Development: Changes over Time
The Family and Individuals: A Microlevel View
Studying Single-Parent Families: A Politically Sensitive Issue
Building Concepts: Macrolevel, Mesolevel, and Microlevel Analysis of the Family
Featured Research Study: Taking a Dispassionate Approach to the Issue of Single-Parent Families
Applying Sociology to Social Issues: Helping Children in Disrupted Families
Sociologists at Work: Murray Straus
Formal Organizations
Bureaucracies as an Ideal Type: Weber's Classical View
Characteristics of Bureaucracies
Dysfunctions of Bureaucracies
Organizations: A Mesolevel Analysis
Structure
Technology
Organizational Culture
Organizational Environments: A Macrolevel View
Adapting to the Environment
Sociologists at Work: James Lincoln
Surviving the Environment
Organizations and Individuals: A Microlevel Perspective
Featured Research Study: Building Successful Organizations: The Importance of Structure, Environment, and Leadership
Applying Sociology to Social Issues: Creating Humane Organizations
Religion
The Sociological Study of Religion
Religious Beliefs and Economies: A Macrolevel View
Religious Beliefs Around the World
Religious Economies
Sociologists at Work: Andrew Greeley
Religious Organizations: A Mesolevel View
Religious Organizations in the Judeo-Christian Tradition
Cults or New Religious Movements
Individuals' Beliefs and Religious Choices: A Microlevel View
Featured Research Study: Lapsed Presbyterians
Building Concepts: Social Networks, Subcultures, and Rational Choice Theory
Sociologists at Work: Benton Johnson
Applying Sociology to Social Issues: Religious Conflict and Religious Identity
The Political World
Power, Public Goods, and the Political World
Individual Influence: A Microlevel View
Choosing to Participate: Who Actually Votes?
Beyond Voting: Who Is Politically Active?
Pluralist or Elitist: Two Macrolevel Views of the Power Structure
Power as Competing Interests: The Pluralist View
The Power of the Few: The Elitist View
Building Concepts: Microlevel, Mesolevel, and Macrolevel Analyses of the Political World
Interactions Between Organizations: A Mesolevel View of the Political World
The Nature of PACs
Featured Research Study: The Political Power of Business
Sociologists at Work: Dan Clawson
Applying Sociology to Social Issues: Voting in the United States and in Other Countries
The Economy
Sociological Study of the Economy
The Economy: A Macrolevel View
Resources, Geography, and Economic Opportunities
Technology and Economic Opportunities
The Political World and Economic Activity
Building Concepts: Capitalism and Socialism
Industries and Organizations: A Mesolevel View
Industries
Work Organizations
Featured Research Study: Work and Careers as Social Relationships: A Microlevel View
Sociologists at Work: Mark Granovetter
Applying Sociology to Social Issues: Can Ethnic Enclaves Promote Economic Success?
Education
The Development of Mass Schooling: A Macrolevel View
Mass Schooling as a Worldwide Phenomenon
Explanations for the Development of Mass Schooling: Societal Functions Versus Schools as Organizations
Promoting School Achievement: Microlevel Analyses
Family Interactions and Educational Achievement
Peer Interactions and Educational Effort
Teacher-Student Interactions and Educational Achievement
Increasing the Effectiveness of School: Mesolvel Analyses
The Effectiveness of Catholic Schools
Building Concepts: Microlevel, Mesolevel, and Macrolevel Analyses of Education
Featured Research Study Effective Schools: Multiple Approaches
Sociologists at Work: Joyce Epstein
Applying Sociology to Social Issues: Building Better Schools
Health and Society
The Health of Individuals: A Microlevel Perspective
Placement on the Health Hierarchy
Stress and Health
Health -Related Behavior
The Organization of Health Care: Mesolevel Analyses
The "Fee-for-Service" System of the United States
Systems of Guaranteed Health Care
Health and Global Stratification: A Macrolevel Perspective
Historical Changes in Health and Disease
Health and Global Stratification
Featured Research Study Inequality and the Health of Nations -- The Work of Richard G. Wilkinson
Applying Sociology to Social Issues: Changing the Health Care System in the United States: The Polity at Work
Sociologists at Work: William C. Cockerham
Social Change
Population
Looking at Populations: Demographic Data
Gathering Demographic Data
Using Demographic Data
Population Growth: Balancing Fertility and Mortality
Tracing Patterns in Population Growth: Pre-Industrial versus Industrializing Societies
Modeling Population Changes: Demographic Transition Theory
Explaining Declines in Fertility
The Effect of Population Changes
Age Structures and Dependency
Economic Opportunities and Constraints
Environmental Costs
The Wild Card of Migration
Building Concepts: Gathering and Analyzing Demographic Data
Featured Research Study: Social Action and Population Change
Applying Sociology to Social Issues: Baby Boomers and Retirement
Sociologists at Work: Judith Treas
Communities and Urbanization
Urbanization and Changes in Communities
Urbanization in the United States
Urbanization in Developing Countries
Sustaining Communities in Modern Cities
Theories of Urbanization and Community
Research on Urbanization and Community
Urban Structures and Opportunities and Constraints
Social Ecology and the Structure of Cities
Building Concepts: Three Models of City Growth
Neighborhood Segregation
Featured Research Study: Urban Segregation
Sociologists at Work: Douglas Massey
Applying Sociology to Social Issues: How Can Residential Segregation Be Reduced?
Technology and Social Change
Technology, The Environment, and Social Institutions
Changing Societies: A Long-Range View
The First Revolution: Domestication of Plants and Animals
The Second Revolution: Invention of the Plow
The Third Revolution: The Steam Engine
A Fourth Revolution? The Global Information Age
Featured Research Study: The Telephone, Social Action, and Social Change--The Work of Claude Fischer
Sociologists at Work: Claude Fischer
Applying Sociology to Social Issues: How Can Change Efforts Be Effective?
Social Change and Technology in a Global Perspective
Modernization
Rural Development, Land Reform, and Sustainable Development
Collective Behavior and Social Movements
Collective Behavior: People Acting Together
Collective Behavior and Other Group Behavior
Explaining Collective Behavior
Social Movements: Creating Social Change
Featured Research Study: The Environmental Movement as a Social Movement
Building Concepts: Macrolevel, Mesolevel, and Microlevel Analyses of Social Movements
A Final Word
Sociologists at Work: Riley Dunlap
Applying Sociology to Social Issues: Can the Practice of Female Genital Mutilation Be Changed
Notes
Glossary
References
Photo Credits
Index