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Writing and Reporting News A Coaching Method

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ISBN-10: 0534562787

ISBN-13: 9780534562786

Edition: 4th 2003

Authors: Carole Rich

List price: $88.95
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Book details

List price: $88.95
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 4/22/2002
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 608
Size: 7.52" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.936
Language: English

Carole Rich is a retired journalism professor, formerly at the University of Alaska Anchorage, where she was the Atwood professor before accepting a full-time position. She also served as chair of the journalism department at Hofstra University in New York for two years, taught journalism at the University of Kansas for 11 years, and worked for 16 years in the newspaper industry. She was a reporter for the former PHILADELPHIA EVENING BULLETIN, city editor of the SUN-SENTINEL in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, and deputy metropolitan editor of the HARTFORD COURANT in Connecticut. In addition to serving as a visiting writing coach at newspapers throughout the United States, Professor Rich has…    

Prefacep. xiii
Introduction: Tips From Award-winning Journalistsp. xix
Understanding News
Write From the Start: A Coaching Methodp. 1
The Reporting and Writing Processp. 2
How to Be Your Own Writing Coachp. 3
Determining Your Focusp. 3
What's the story about?p. 3
How would you tell the story to a friend?p. 3
Putting It All Togetherp. 4
Adding Visual Elementsp. 6
Point of entryp. 6
Summary blurbp. 6
Facts boxp. 7
Empowerment boxp. 8
Pull quotep. 8
Infographicp. 9
Exercisesp. 9
Changing Concepts of Newsp. 13
The Internetp. 13
Increasing Competitionp. 14
Changing Reporting Skillsp. 14
Increasing Job Opportunitiesp. 16
The Changing Newsroom Structurep. 16
Public Journalismp. 17
Hard News and Featuresp. 18
Ethicsp. 19
Qualities of News Storiesp. 20
The Importance of Graphicsp. 26
Exercisesp. 28
The Basic News Storyp. 31
Conflict and Resolutionp. 32
Elements of the Basic News Storyp. 33
Headlinep. 33
Leadp. 33
Backup for the Leadp. 34
Nut Graphp. 34
Lead Quotep. 35
Impactp. 36
Attributionp. 37
Backgroundp. 38
Elaborationp. 38
Endingp. 39
Graphicsp. 39
Examples of Basic News Storiesp. 39
Quotes and Attributionp. 41
Coaching Tipsp. 41
When to Use Direct Quotesp. 43
How to Write Quotesp. 45
When to Use Attributionp. 48
Plagiarismp. 49
Wording of attributionsp. 50
Overview attributionp. 50
Second referencesp. 50
Titlep. 51
Courtesy titlesp. 51
Ethicsp. 51
Exercisesp. 52
Grammar and Usagep. 57
Exercisesp. 65
Story Ideasp. 69
The Internetp. 70
Other Ways to Find Story Ideasp. 71
Ethicsp. 76
Press Releasesp. 76
Coaching Tipsp. 76
Idea Budgetsp. 78
Exercisesp. 78
Collecting Information
Curiosity and Observationp. 81
Curiosityp. 82
Observationp. 83
The Show-in-action Techniquep. 84
Hard News vs. Soft Newsp. 85
Fact vs. Opinionp. 85
Observation to Find Questionsp. 86
Observation for Visual Presentationp. 86
Ethicsp. 87
Exercisesp. 87
Sources of Informationp. 91
Human Sourcesp. 92
Anonymous Sourcesp. 95
Promisesp. 96
On and off the recordp. 97
Multicultural Sourcesp. 98
Written Sourcesp. 99
Electronic Sourcesp. 100
Databasesp. 100
Public Recordsp. 101
Online Sourcesp. 102
Other Public Recordsp. 105
The Freedom of Information Actp. 107
Exercisesp. 110
Listening and Note-taking Skillsp. 113
The Pros and Cons of Tape Recordersp. 114
Listening Tipsp. 115
Note-taking Tipsp. 116
Exercisesp. 119
Interviewing Techniquesp. 121
Sensitivityp. 123
Tips for Interviewersp. 123
Planning the Interviewp. 124
Conducting the Interviewp. 125
Reporting for Graphicsp. 129
The GOAL Method of Interviewingp. 130
Ethicsp. 131
Telephone Interviewingp. 131
E-mail Interviewingp. 134
Exercisesp. 134
Constructing Stories
The Writing Processp. 137
Ways to Approach the Writing Processp. 138
The FORK Methodp. 138
Focusp. 138
Orderp. 139
Repetition of Key wordsp. 140
The Kiss offp. 141
Briefsp. 143
The Online Writing Processp. 143
How to Revise Storiesp. 145
Writing Process Tipsp. 146
Exercisesp. 148
Leads and Nut Graphsp. 151
Hard-news Leads, Soft Leads and Nut Graphsp. 152
The Wow Testp. 155
The Impact of Graphics on Leadsp. 155
Hard-news Leadsp. 156
Summary Leadsp. 156
Order of informationp. 157
Active versus passive voicep. 158
Where to say whenp. 159
Delayed identificationp. 160
Second-day Leadsp. 161
Impact Leadsp. 162
Attribution in Leadsp. 162
Fact versus opinionp. 163
Accusationsp. 163
Quotesp. 164
Attribution first or lastp. 165
Cluttered attributionp. 166
Soft Leadsp. 167
Coaching Tipsp. 167
Descriptive Leadsp. 168
Anecdotal Leadsp. 168
Narrative Leadsp. 169
Other Soft Leadsp. 169
Focus-on-a-person leadsp. 169
Contrast leadsp. 170
Teaser leadsp. 171
Mystery leadsp. 171
Build-on-a-quote leadsp. 172
List leadsp. 173
Question leadsp. 173
Cliche leadsp. 174
Leads to Avoidp. 174
How to Find Your Leadp. 178
Exercisesp. 178
Body Buildingp. 183
Middles of Storiesp. 184
Transition Techniquesp. 184
Techniques for Maintaining Interestp. 185
Parallelismp. 185
Pacingp. 186
Anecdotesp. 186
Dialoguep. 187
BBI: Boring but important stuffp. 187
Simple sentences for complex informationp. 188
Listsp. 188
Cliffhangers: Mystery middlesp. 188
Endingsp. 190
Circle Kickersp. 190
Quote Kickersp. 191
Future-action Kickersp. 191
Climaxesp. 192
Cliffhangersp. 193
Factual Kickersp. 194
Out-of-gas Endingsp. 194
Body Building From Start to Finishp. 195
Exercisesp. 196
Story Structuresp. 199
Inverted Pyramidp. 201
Wall Street Journal Formulap. 202
Hourglass Structurep. 205
List Techniquep. 206
Pyramid Structurep. 207
Sections Techniquep. 208
Nonlinear Structure for the Webp. 214
Exercisesp. 215
Storytelling and Feature Techniquesp. 221
Narrative Writingp. 222
Reading to Writep. 224
Storytelling Conceptsp. 224
Reporting Toolsp. 226
Writing Toolsp. 228
Themep. 228
Descriptive Techniquesp. 229
Avoid adjectivesp. 229
Use analogiesp. 229
Limit physical descriptionsp. 230
Avoid sexist/racist descriptionsp. 230
Show people in actionp. 231
Use lively verbsp. 231
Set the scenep. 231
Narrative Techniquesp. 233
Use foreshadowingp. 234
Create tonep. 234
Storytelling Structurep. 236
Narrative Storytellingp. 238
Online Storytellingp. 240
Exercisesp. 241
Public Relations Writingp. 243
Media Resistancep. 245
The Media's Needsp. 246
Newsworthinessp. 246
Good Writingp. 246
Credibilityp. 247
Ethicsp. 247
Media Kitsp. 248
Writing Skills for Press Releasesp. 249
A Direct Approachp. 249
The Structure of Press Releasesp. 251
Corporate Publicationsp. 254
Press Release Checklistp. 255
Online Resourcesp. 256
Exercisesp. 257
Broadcast Writingp. 261
Planning a Newscastp. 263
Writing for Broadcastp. 268
Broadcast vs. Newspaper Writingp. 271
The Writing Processp. 274
Story Structurep. 275
Leadp. 275
Bodyp. 277
Endingp. 280
Teasers and Lead-insp. 280
Copy Preparation and Stylep. 282
Punctuationp. 283
Numbersp. 283
Names and Titlesp. 284
Using Broadcast Termsp. 284
Writing a Packagep. 285
Ethicsp. 288
Broadcasting Onlinep. 289
Exercisesp. 289
Understanding Media Issues
Accuracy and Libelp. 293
The Importance of Accuracyp. 294
Checking Informationp. 295
Showing Copy to Sourcesp. 295
Libelp. 296
Times v. Sullivanp. 297
Public Officialsp. 297
Public Figuresp. 298
Private Figuresp. 299
Correctionsp. 300
Privilegep. 301
Neutral Reportagep. 302
Fair Comment and Criticismp. 303
Invasion of Privacyp. 303
Intrusion Into a Person's Solitudep. 303
Public Disclosure of Private Factsp. 304
Publicity That Puts a Person in a False Lightp. 305
Use of Person's Name or Picture Without Permissionp. 306
Online Legal Issuesp. 306
Exercisesp. 308
Media Ethicsp. 311
Deceptionp. 311
Privacy Issuesp. 313
Public Officialsp. 313
Celebritiesp. 316
Rape Victimsp. 318
Photo Subjectsp. 319
A Guideline for Privacy Issuesp. 320
Political Correctnessp. 320
Media Manipulationp. 321
Moral Reasoningp. 322
The Poynter Institute Modelp. 322
Philosophical Approachesp. 323
Codes of Ethicsp. 324
Exercisesp. 325
Multicultural Sensitivityp. 329
The Language of Multiculturalismp. 330
Minorities in the Newsp. 330
The Ethnic Beatp. 333
Gender Differencesp. 334
Guidelines for Writing About Special Groupsp. 338
People With Disabilitiesp. 338
Stories About Agingp. 339
AIDS Storiesp. 341
The writer's taskp. 342
A Pulitzer Prize AIDS storyp. 342
Ground rules for sensitive questionsp. 344
Terminologyp. 345
Online Multicultural Resourcesp. 345
Exercisesp. 346
Applying the Techniques
Beat Reportingp. 349
Developing Story Ideasp. 350
Cultivating and Keeping Sourcesp. 351
Ethicsp. 352
Checking Records and Human Sourcesp. 353
Beginning a Beatp. 354
Covering Specialty Beatsp. 356
The Education Beatp. 357
Health and Environmental Writingp. 359
Business Writingp. 361
Sportswritingp. 363
Online Beat Resourcesp. 367
Exercisesp. 367
Obituariesp. 369
The Importance of Factsp. 371
Obituary Guidelinesp. 372
Basic Obituariesp. 374
Feature Obituariesp. 375
Exercisesp. 378
Speeches, Press Conferences and Meetingsp. 381
Media Manipulationp. 383
Preparationp. 385
Stories About Speechesp. 385
Stories About Press Conferencesp. 388
Stories About Meetingsp. 389
Understanding the Systemp. 390
Writing the Advancep. 390
Covering the Meetingp. 391
Writing the Storyp. 392
Online Resources for Speeches and Press Conferencesp. 395
Exercisesp. 396
Government and Statistical Storiesp. 403
Reporting Tipsp. 405
Graphicsp. 407
Writing Tipsp. 407
Statistical Storiesp. 412
Budget Storiesp. 415
Budget and Tax Termsp. 416
Writing Techniquesp. 417
Government and Statistical Online Resourcesp. 419
Exercisesp. 420
Crime and Punishmentp. 423
Crime Storiesp. 424
Accessp. 424
To previous criminal recordsp. 425
To university recordsp. 425
To records of juvenile offendersp. 426
To the crime scenep. 426
Use of Namesp. 426
Wording of Accusationsp. 427
Attributionp. 428
Newspaper Clipsp. 428
Guidelines for Reporting Crime Storiesp. 429
Stories About Specific Types of Crimesp. 430
Motor vehicle accidentsp. 430
Burglaries and robberiesp. 431
Homicidesp. 434
Ethicsp. 436
Firesp. 437
Court Storiesp. 438
Criminal and Civil Casesp. 439
Federal Courts and State Courtsp. 439
Criminal Court Processp. 440
Arrestp. 440
Bookingp. 441
Chargesp. 442
Arraignmentp. 442
Preliminary hearingp. 442
Grand juryp. 442
Pretrial hearings and motionsp. 443
Trialp. 443
Sentencingp. 443
Appealp. 443
Civil Court Processp. 443
Terms Used in Court Reportingp. 444
Court Story Examplesp. 447
Online Resources for Crime and Court Storiesp. 451
Exercisesp. 451
Disasters, Weather and Tragediesp. 457
Reporting Techniquesp. 462
Sidebarsp. 464
Graphicsp. 466
Online Informationp. 467
Disaster Basicsp. 467
Death Tollsp. 470
Interviews With Grief-stricken Peoplep. 470
Follow-up Storiesp. 472
Airplane Crashesp. 473
Natural Disastersp. 474
Weather Storiesp. 477
Personal Tragedyp. 479
Online Resources for Disasters, Weather and Tragediesp. 483
Exercisesp. 483
Profilesp. 491
Writing Profilesp. 492
Transitionsp. 493
Themep. 494
The Writing Processp. 495
Basic Elements of Profilesp. 496
Slice-of-life Profilesp. 496
The GOAL Methodp. 497
Graphicsp. 499
Finding Profile Sourcesp. 499
Organizing the Profilep. 501
Putting It All Togetherp. 502
Writing Snapshot Profilesp. 505
Ethicsp. 508
Exercisesp. 508
Computer-assisted Journalismp. 511
Using the Internetp. 513
Netscape Communicatorp. 513
Microsoft Internet Explorerp. 515
Search Enginesp. 517
Searching tipsp. 518
People search enginesp. 518
Map search enginesp. 519
Discussion Groupsp. 519
Newsgroupsp. 520
E-mailp. 520
Telnetp. 521
FTPp. 521
Using Databasesp. 522
Using Excel Spreadsheetsp. 523
Sorting Datap. 524
Making Calculationsp. 526
Importing Online Databasesp. 530
Using Relational Databasesp. 531
Understanding Statistical Termsp. 531
Writing Database Storiesp. 532
Using Online Resourcesp. 533
Exercisesp. 533
Media Jobs and Internshipsp. 535
Job Application Skillsp. 536
Where to Applyp. 537
Online job sitesp. 537
Printed directoriesp. 537
Whom to Contactp. 538
How to Applyp. 538
Cover letterp. 538
Resumep. 538
Clips or videotapep. 539
Follow-up phone callp. 540
Research for the interviewp. 540
Interview follow-upp. 540
Cover Lettersp. 540
Resumesp. 544
Interviewsp. 546
Online Job Resourcesp. 548
Exercisesp. 549
Style Guidep. 550
Online Resources for Journalistsp. 559
Creditsp. 561
Indexp. 569
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.