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Ethics Discovering Right and Wrong

ISBN-10: 0534561381

ISBN-13: 9780534561383

Edition: 4th 2002

Authors: Louis P. Pojman

List price: $57.95
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Description:

Concise yet comprehensive, this text surveys the realm of ethical theory and includes many examples from classical and contemporary sources. Written in an interesting and conversational manner, DISCOVERING RIGHT AND WRONG challenges students to develop their own moral theories and to solve various problems for themselves.
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Book details

List price: $57.95
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 6/1/2001
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 304
Size: 5.91" wide x 9.06" long
Weight: 0.946
Language: English

Louis P. Pojman (1935-2005) was Professor of Philosophy, Emeritus, at the United States Military Academy and a Life Member of Clare Hall, Cambridge University. He received an M.A. and Ph.D. from Union Theological Seminary/Columbia University. He was a Fulbright Fellow at the University of Copenhagen and a Rockefeller Fellow at Hamburg University. He received his D.Phil. in Philosophy from Oxford University in 1997.His first position was at the University of Notre Dame, after which he taught at the University of Texas at Dallas. Later, at the University of Mississippi, he served for three years as Chair of the Department of Philosophy and Religion. In 1995, he became Professor of Philosophy at the United States Military Academy at West Point. He most recently was Visiting Professor at Brigham Young University in Utah and Visiting Fellow at Clare Hall, Oxford University. Pojman won several research and teaching awards, including the Burlington Northern Award for Outstanding Teaching and Scholarship (1988) and the Outstanding Scholar/Teacher in the Humanities at the University of Mississippi (1994). He wrote in the areas of philosophy of religion, epistemology, ethics, and political philosophy and authored or edited more than 30 books and 100 articles. Pojman passed away in 2005.

Prefacep. xi
A Word to the Student: Why Study Moral Philosophy?p. xvii
Introduction: What Is Ethics?p. 1
Morality as Compared with Other Normative Subjectsp. 3
Traits of Moral Principlesp. 6
Domains of Ethical Assessmentp. 9
Why Do We Need Morality?p. 12
The Purposes of Moralityp. 16
Conclusionp. 18
For Further Reflectionp. 20
For Further Readingp. 23
Ethical Relativism: Who's to Judge What's Right and Wrong?p. 24
An Analysis of Relativismp. 26
Subjective Ethical Relativism (Subjectivism)p. 28
Conventional Ethical Relativism (Conventionalism)p. 31
A Critique of Ethical Relativismp. 35
Conclusionp. 38
For Further Reflectionp. 39
For Further Readingp. 41
The Case for Moral Objectivismp. 42
Natural Lawp. 43
Moderate Objectivismp. 49
An Explanation of the Attraction of Ethical Relativismp. 54
Conclusionp. 57
For Further Reflectionp. 58
For Further Readingp. 59
Value: The Quest for the Goodp. 61
What Types of Value Are There?p. 63
What Things Are Good?p. 65
Are Values Objective or Subjective?p. 69
What Is the Relation of Value to Morality?p. 71
What Is the Good Life?p. 74
For Further Reflectionp. 79
For Further Readingp. 80
Egoism, Self-Interest, and Altruismp. 81
An Overview of the Problemp. 81
Psychological Egoismp. 84
Ethical Egoismp. 89
A Critique of Ethical Egoismp. 92
Attempted Refutations of Egoismp. 94
Evolution and Altruismp. 96
Egoism and the Problem of Posterityp. 99
Conclusionp. 100
For Further Reflectionp. 101
For Further Readingp. 102
Utilitarianismp. 104
What Is Utilitarianism?p. 107
Two Types of Utilitarianismp. 111
The Strengths and Weaknesses of Utilitarianismp. 115
External Criticisms of Utilitarianismp. 118
Utilitarian Responses to Standard Objectionsp. 121
The Problem of Posterityp. 126
Conclusionp. 128
For Further Reflectionp. 130
For Further Readingp. 132
Kantian and Deontological Systemsp. 134
Two Types of Deontological Systemsp. 134
Kant's Rule-Deontological Systemp. 138
The Categorical Imperativep. 141
Kant's Other Formulations of the Categorical Imperativep. 149
Kant's Ethics and Religionp. 153
A Reconciliation Projectp. 154
For Further Reflectionp. 157
For Further Readingp. 158
Virtue-Based Ethical Systemsp. 159
The Aretaic Critique of Action-Based (Deontic) Ethical Systemsp. 160
The Nature of Virtue Ethicsp. 164
Types of Relationships between Virtue Ethics and Action Ethicsp. 169
Conclusionp. 177
For Further Reflectionp. 180
For Further Readingp. 180
Why Should I Be Moral?p. 182
The Paradox of Morality and Self-Interestp. 186
For Further Reflectionp. 192
For Further Readingp. 193
Religion and Ethicsp. 194
Does Morality Depend on Religion?p. 195
Is Religious Ethics Essentially Different from Secular Ethics?p. 199
Is Religion Irrelevant or Even Inimical to Morality?p. 200
Does Religion Enhance the Moral Life?p. 203
Conclusionp. 207
For Further Reflectionp. 209
For Further Readingp. 210
The Fact-Value Problem: Metaethics in the 20th centuryp. 211
Nonnaturalismp. 213
Emotivismp. 217
Prescriptivismp. 222
The Renaissance of Naturalismp. 232
Conclusionp. 235
For Further Reflectionp. 237
For Further Readingp. 238
Moral Realism and the Challenge of Skepticismp. 239
Mackie's Error Theory of Moralityp. 242
Harman's Moral Nihilismp. 246
Conclusionp. 251
For Further Reflectionp. 253
For Further Readingp. 253
A Concluding Reflection: Minimal Morality, Virtue Ethics, and the Development of Characterp. 255
An Analysis of the Modified Divine Command Theoryp. 261
A Critique of the Modified Divine Command Theoryp. 263
How to Read and Write a Philosophy Paperp. 267
Suggestions for Reading a Philosophy Textp. 268
Suggestions for Writing a Philosophy Paperp. 269
Glossaryp. 271
Indexp. 279
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