Sensation and Perception

ISBN-10: 0534539645

ISBN-13: 9780534539641

Edition: 6th 2002

Authors: E. Bruce Goldstein

List price: $111.95
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Long regarded as the gold standard in sensation and perception texts, E. Bruce Goldstein's SENSATION AND PERCEPTION has helped more than 100,000 students make the connection between perception and physiology. Goldstein has crafted an easier-to-understand, and more student-friendly book, without sacrificing the text's comprehensive examination of sensation and perception. Goldstein takes readers on an intriguing journey through their senses, and chronicles scientists' efforts to understand the fascinating behind the scenes activity that allows us to perceive.With balanced coverage of all senses, this book offers an integrated examination of how the senses work together. Goldstein shows readers how seemingly simple experiences are actually extremely complex mechanisms and examines both the psychophysical and physiological underpinnings of perception. All material is presented in a way students find interesting and easy to follow. The book's visually dynamic presentation includes numerous color plates that are presented as visual topic essays. In addition, more than 50 hands-on demonstrations illustrate perceptual experiences. All are simple enough for students to do and are seamlessly integrated into the flow of the text.
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Book details

List price: $111.95
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 8/6/2001
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 704
Size: 6.30" wide x 9.06" long
Weight: 3.322
Language: English

BRUCE GOLDSTEIN is Associate Professor Emeritus of Psychology at the University of Pittsburgh and Adjunct Professor of Psychology at the University of Arizona. He has received the Chancellor's Distinguished Teaching Award from the University of Pittsburgh for his classroom teaching and textbook writing. He received his bachelor's degree in chemical engineering from Tufts University and his PhD in experimental psychology from Brown University; he was a postdoctoral fellow in the Biology Department at Harvard University before joining the faculty at the University of Pittsburgh. Bruce has published papers on a wide variety of topics, including retinal and cortical physiology, visual attention, and the perception of pictures. He is the author of SENSATION AND PERCEPTION, 9th Edition (Cengage, 2014), and the editor of the BLACKWELL HANDBOOK OF PERCEPTION (Blackwell, 2001) and the two-volume SAGE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PERCEPTION (Sage, 2010).

Introduction to Perceptionp. 1
The Importance of Perceptionp. 2
The Perceptual Processp. 4
Studying the Perceptual Processp. 8
The Psychophysical Approach: Linking Stimulation and Perceptionp. 11
Summary Table 1.1p. 12
The Physiological Approach: Linking Stimulation and Neural Firingp. 18
The Approach in This Bookp. 28
Summary Table 1.2p. 30
Study Questionsp. 31
Receptors and Neural Processingp. 35
The Stimulus for Vision and the Structure of the Visual Systemp. 37
The First Transformations: Light, Receptors, and Electricityp. 40
Visual Pigments and Perceptionp. 48
Neural Processing by Convergencep. 54
Summary Table 2.1p. 55
Neural Processing by Excitation and Inhibitionp. 58
Neural Processing and Perceptionp. 64
Brain Scan: Going Beyond the Information on the Retinap. 71
Across the Senses: The Indirectness of Perceptionp. 72
Summary Table 2.2p. 73
Study Questionsp. 74
The Lateral Geniculate Nucleus and Striate Cortexp. 77
Information Flow and Organization in the Lateral Geniculate Nucleusp. 78
Information Processing in the Striate Cortex (V1)p. 81
Brain Scan: The Oblique Effect in the Striate Cortexp. 89
Summary Table 3.1p. 94
Organization of the Striate Cortexp. 95
The Plasticity of Perception: Selective Rearing for Orientationp. 100
Across the Senses: Maps and Columnsp. 103
Summary Table 3.2p. 104
Study Questionsp. 105
Higher-Level Visual Processingp. 109
Higher-Level Processing in the Striate Cortex (V1)p. 110
Processing Streams in the Extrastriate Cortexp. 112
Modularity in the Extrastriate Cortexp. 117
Brain Scan: The Human Face Areap. 123
Summary Table 4.1p. 124
The Sensory Code: How Objects Are Represented in the Visual Systemp. 123
How Do Neurons Become Specialized?p. 127
Connecting Physiology and Perceptionp. 129
Visual Attention: Visual and Neural Selectivityp. 130
The Binding Problem: Combining Information from Different Areasp. 134
The Plasticity of Perception: Improved Neural Response Leads to Improved Perceptionp. 137
Across the Senses: Neurons That Respond to Vision and Touchp. 138
Summary Table 4.2p. 140
Study Questionsp. 141
Perceiving Objectsp. 145
The Gestalt Approach to Perceptual Organization: How Elements Are Groupedp. 146
Perceptual Segregation: How Objects Are Separatedp. 156
Summary Table 5.1p. 161
How Objects Are Constructedp. 160
Brain Scan: Representation of Global Three-Dimensional Structurep. 170
The Intelligence of Object Perceptionp. 172
The Plasticity of Perception: The Co-Occurrence Effectp. 178
Across the Senses: Object Perception Across the Sensesp. 179
Summary Table 5.2p. 181
Study Questionsp. 182
Perceiving Colorp. 185
Four Questions About Colorp. 186
The Trichromatic Theory of Color Visionp. 190
Opponent-Process Theory of Color Visionp. 195
What We Still Don't Know About the Code for Colorp. 200
Brain Scan: Distributed Nature of Color Representation in the Human Cortexp. 201
Summary Table 6.1p. 201
Color Deficiencyp. 200
Creating Color Experiencep. 204
Color Constancyp. 206
Lightness Constancyp. 209
The Plasticity of Perception: Color Vision as an Adaptation to the Environmentp. 216
Across the Senses: How Color Affects Taste and Smellp. 218
Summary Table 6.2p. 219
Study Questionsp. 220
Perceiving Depth and Sizep. 225
Oculomotor Cuesp. 226
Monocular Cuesp. 227
Binocular Depth Cuesp. 233
Brain Scan: Stereopsis in the Brainp. 242
Depth Information Across Speciesp. 244
Summary Table 7.1p. 247
Perceiving Sizep. 248
Visual Illusionsp. 254
The Plasticity of Perception: Sensitive Periods in the Development of Binocular Visionp. 261
Across the Senses: Visual and Auditory Spacep. 264
Summary Table 7.2p. 265
Study Questionsp. 266
Perceiving Movementp. 269
Four Ways to Create Perception of Movementp. 272
Neural Feature Detectors and Movement Perceptionp. 276
Corollary Discharge Theory: Taking Eye Movements into Accountp. 279
Information for Movement in the Optic Arrayp. 283
Summary Table 8.1p. 284
Perceptual Organization and Movement Perceptionp. 285
The Intelligence of Movement Perceptionp. 290
Brain Scan: Brain Activity During Apparent Movement by the Human Bodyp. 294
The Plasticity of Perception: Selective Rearing and Movement Perceptionp. 294
Across the Senses: Movement Perception Across the Sensesp. 295
Summary Table 8.2p. 297
Study Questionsp. 298
Perception and Actionp. 301
Perception and the Moving Observerp. 302
Visual Control of Actionp. 307
Summary Table 9.1p. 316
Grasping Objects: Where Perception Meets the Motor Systemp. 320
Brain Scan: The Magnetoencephalogram (MEG): A Way to Measure Rapid Activity in Humansp. 324
Across the Senses: Action, Hearing, and Visionp. 325
Summary Table 9.2p. 326
Study Questionsp. 327
Sound, the Auditory System, and Pitch Perceptionp. 331
The Functions of Hearingp. 332
The Sound Stimulus: Pressure Changes in the Airp. 334
Sound as a Perceptual Response: The Experience of Hearingp. 339
Summary Table 10.1p. 343
Auditory System: Structure and Functionp. 343
Frequency Analysis in the Cochlea and Auditory Nervep. 351
Summary Table 10.2p. 361
Frequency Analysis in the Cortexp. 361
The Plasticity of Perception: Stimulation Changes in the Auditory Cortexp. 366
Brain Scan: Musicians Have Larger Auditory Areasp. 368
Across the Senses: Cross-Modality Experience: Bright Tones and Colored Wordsp. 368
Summary Table 10.3p. 370
Study Questionsp. 371
Auditory Localization, Sound Quality, and the Auditory Scenep. 375
Auditory Localization: Locating Single Sounds in Spacep. 376
Brain Scan: A Motion Area in the Auditory Cortexp. 386
Summary Table 11.1p. 390
Sound Quality: What a Stimulus Sounds Likep. 391
Auditory Scene Analysis: Identifying Sound Sourcesp. 395
Across the Senses and Plasticity: How Vision Can Affect Hearingp. 402
Summary Table 11.2p. 405
Study Questionsp. 406
Speech Perceptionp. 409
The Speech Stimulusp. 410
Problems Posed by the Speech Stimulusp. 413
Stimulus Dimensions of Speech Perceptionp. 416
Brain Scan: Activation of Auditory Cortex During Silent Lipreadingp. 420
Summary Table 12.1p. 421
Cognitive Dimensions of Speech Perceptionp. 421
The Physiology of Speech Perceptionp. 425
Is Speech "Special"?p. 427
The Plasticity of Perception: Differences Between American and Japanese Listenersp. 429
Across the Senses: Tadoma: "Hearing" with Touchp. 430
Summary Table 12.2p. 431
Study Questionsp. 432
The Cutaneous Sensesp. 435
The Skin and Its Receptorsp. 437
Neural Processing for Touchp. 444
Summary Table 13.1p. 451
Tactile Object Recognitionp. 451
The Plasticity of Perception: Plasticity in the Cutaneous Systemp. 456
Summary Table 13.2p. 460
Pain Perception: Neural Firing and Cognitive Influencesp. 460
Brain Scan: Where Is the Unpleasantness of Pain Signaled in the Brain?p. 462
Across the Senses: Parallels Between Touch and Visionp. 467
Summary Table 13.3p. 468
Study Questionsp. 469
The Chemical Sensesp. 473
Olfaction: Uses and Factsp. 475
The Olfactory Systemp. 478
The Neural Code for Odor Moleculesp. 482
Brain Scan: Sniff Responses in the Human Brainp. 486
Summary Table 14.1p. 487
The Taste Systemp. 487
Taste Qualityp. 490
The Neural Code for Taste Qualityp. 491
The Perception of Flavorp. 495
The Plasticity of Perception: Learning Smell-Taste Associationsp. 502
Across the Senses: Seeing a Smell: A Colorometric Electronic Nosep. 503
Summary Table 14.2p. 505
Study Questionsp. 506
Perceptual Developmentp. 509
Measuring Infant Perceptionp. 510
Infant Perceptual Capacities: Visionp. 513
Summary Table 15.1p. 528
Infant Perceptual Capacities: Hearing and the Chemical Sensesp. 528
The Plasticity of Perception: The Development of Myopiap. 538
Across the Senses: Intermodal Perception in Infantsp. 540
Summary Table 15.2p. 542
Study Questionsp. 543
Clinical Aspects of Vision and Hearingp. 545
Visual Impairmentp. 546
How Can Vision Become Impaired?p. 546
Focusing Problemsp. 547
Decreased Transmission of Lightp. 551
Damage to the Retinap. 554
Optic Nerve Damage: Glaucomap. 557
The Eye Examinationp. 558
Summary Table 16.1p. 565
Hearing Impairmentp. 564
How Can Hearing Become Impaired?p. 564
Conductive Hearing Lossp. 566
Sensorineural Hearing Lossp. 567
The Ear Examination and Hearing Evaluationp. 569
Managing Hearing Lossp. 572
The Plasticity of Perception: Decrease in Cortical Function Due to Agingp. 577
Across the Senses: Deafness and Visual Attentionp. 578
Summary Table 16.2p. 579
Study Questionsp. 580
Signal Detection: Procedure and Theoryp. 583
Is There an Absolute Threshold?p. 583
A Signal Detection Experimentp. 584
Signal Detection Theoryp. 587
Determining Spatial Frequencies Using Fourier Analysisp. 591
Glossaryp. 595
Referencesp. 621
Author Indexp. 655
Subject Indexp. 663
Creditsp. 679
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