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Cultural Feast An Introduction to Food and Society

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ISBN-10: 0534525822

ISBN-13: 9780534525828

Edition: 2nd 2004 (Revised)

Authors: Carol A. Bryant, Kathleen M. DeWalt, Anita Courtney, Jeffery Schwartz

List price: $189.95
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THE CULTURAL FEAST looks at the impact of evolution, geography, environment, social structure, and religion on food practices around the world. The text is comprised of three units. The first unit explains the myriad influences on human diet and examines the role of evolution on contemporary food practices. The second unit looks at factors that influence current food practices, such as dietary revolutions that accompany advancements in agricultural practices; the influence of culture in what, how, when, and why we eat; and the influence of religion, social organizations and industrialization on foodways. The third unit of the text looks at nutrition problems and solutions to those problems.…    
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Book details

List price: $189.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Brooks/Cole
Publication date: 3/11/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 416
Size: 8.00" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.090

Preface
Evolutionary and Historical Roots of Human Dietary Practices
Setting the Table for a Cultural Feast
Biocultural Framework for the Study of Diet and Nutrition
Nutritional Status
Biological Makeup
Human Nutrient Needs
Diet
Cuisine
The Environment
Physical Environment
Sociocultural Environment
Economic and Political Environment
Food Systems
Next Steps
Diet and Human Evolution
Exploring the Diets of Extinct Humans Through Paleontology
Teeth
Skulls and Jaws
The Postcranial Skeleton
What Is Adaptation?
Using Chemistry to Infer the Diets of Extinct Hominids
Our Place in Nature
A Brief Who's Who of the Early Hominids
What Did Early Hominids Eat?
What Can We Say About the Diets of Fossil Homo?
Summary
Highlight: Lactose Intolerance
Food in Historical Perspective: Dietary Revolutions
The Agricultural Revolution of the Neolithic Era
Development of Agriculture in the Tehuacan Valley
Nutritional Consequences of the Agricultural Revolution: A Comparison of Foragers and Agriculturalists
Social and Political Consequences of the Agricultural Revolution
The Search for Spices
The Exchange of Food Between the Old and New Worlds
The Industrial Revolution
Agricultural Change in England, Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
Food and the Industrial Revolution
The Emergence of National Cuisines
Transportation, Refrigeration, and Canning
Transportation
Refrigeration
Canning
Unforeseen Drawbacks of Food Processing
The Scientific Revolution
Adulteration of Food
Food Preservation
The Discovery of Vitamins
Complicating Factors Associated with Modern Food Technology
Modern-Day Adaptations
Summary
Highlight: Vegetarian Diets: Then and Now
Food and Culture
Eating Is a Cultural Affair
Some Definitions
Culture as a Mechanism for Responding to the Environment
Culture Is Learned
Culture as a Guide for Behavior
Culture Is Expressed Through Behavior and Artifacts
Culture as a Functionally Integrated System
Intracultural Variation
Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativity
Implications for Health Care Professionals
Summary
Highlight: Body Image and Health
Food Technologies: How People Get Their Food in Nonindustrial Societies
Foraging
Demographic Issues of Foragers
Social, Political, and Ideological Features of Foragers
Diet and Health of Foragers
Food Preferences of Foragers
Nutrition and Health of Foragers
Horticulture
Social, Political, and Ideological Features of Horticulturalists
Diet and Health of Horticulturalists
Pastoralism
Social, Political, and Ideological Features of Pastoralism
Diet and Health of Pastoralists
Intensive Agriculture
Social, Political, and Ideological Features of Intensive Agriculture
Contemporary Peasant Societies
The Transition to Market Economies
Where Do Cuisines Come From?
Summary
Highlight: Farming Strategies in the Andean Region of Ecuador
Food Technologies: How People Get Their Food in Industrialized Societies
Features of Industrialized Agriculture
Farm Size
Contract Farming, or Vertical Integration
Energy Used in Food Production
Soil Erosion
Water Pollution and Shortages
Social Costs
Alternative Strategies
Diet and Health of Industrialized Agriculturalists
Summary
Highlight: Genetically Modified Foods: Friends or Foes?
Food and Social Organization
Food as a Means of Solidifying Social Ties
Kinship and Familial Alliances
Building Relationships with Neighbors and Friends
Food as a Means of Strengthening Economic and Political Alliances
Trade
Food as a Gift
Political Alliances
Food and Social Status
Food and Gender
Food and Socioeconomic Position
Food as a Symbol of Prestige
Summary
Highlight: Food and the Life Cycle
Worldview, Religion, and Health Beliefs: The Ideological Basis of Food Practices
Food in a Forest of Symbols
The Meaning of Food
Food as an Ethnic Marker
Worldview
Religion
Ethnicity and Ethnic Identity
Health Beliefs and Local Knowledge
Perceptions of Symptoms and Disease
Preventive and Curative Practices
Health Care Providers: Shamans, Curers, and Others
Alternative Health Belief Systems in a Plural Society
Summary
Highlight: Becoming Culturally Competent
Strategies for Addressing Nutrition Challenges
Hunger in Global Perspective
Malthus vs. Boserup
The Factors in the Food Sufficiency Equation
Population
The Effect of HIV/AIDS on World Population
Food Production
Consequences of the Agricultural Revolution
Decrease Food Aid to Other Countries
Trade Imbalances
What Is Meant by Hunger and Malnutrition?
Who Are the Hungry and Malnourished?
Hunger and Undernourishment
Types of Undernutrition
Measuring PEM
Overweight in Children
What Are the Causes of Undernourishment and Malnutrition?
Projections for the Future--Enough for All?
Summary
Highlight: Hidden Hunger: Micronutrient Malnutrition
Addressing Global Food Issues
Hunger and Malnutrition: The Factors Influencing Adequate Nutrition
Food Availability
Agricultural Research and Extension
The Role of Biotechnology
Policy Options: Self-Sufficiency vs. Food Security
Food Self-Sufficiency and National Food Security
What Makes NSSS Important?
Commercialization of Agriculture and Household Food Security of Small Farmers
Income
Protecting Food Crop Production
Land Tenure
Health
Entitlements
Alleviating Poverty and Redistributing Income
Land Distribution and Agrarian Reform
Agrarian Reform
Credit, Marketing, and Price Systems
Food Aid as Food Subsidy
Nutritional Quality of Food, Education, and Household Distribution
Health and Sanitation
Summary
Highlight: Women: A Pivotal Link in the Food Chain
Dietary Behavior Change: How People Change Eating Habits
The Behavior Change Process
Stages of Change
Processes of Change
Factors That Influence the Change Process
Health Beliefs
Attitudes
Social Influences
Skills and Self-Efficacy
Intentions
Goal Setting
Other Factors That Influence Behavior Change
Implications for Practice
Summary
Highlight: U.S. Federal Food Programs
Designing Large-Scale Programs to Change Dietary Practices
Community-Based Health Promotion
Community
Distinguishing Features of Community Organization
Stages in the Community Organizing Process
Case Study
Advantages of Community-Based Interventions
Challenges Associated with Community-Based Interventions
Social Marketing
Distinguishing Features
Steps in the Social Marketing Process
Loving Support Makes Breastfeeding Work
Putting It All Together to Improve Dietary Practices
Summary
Highlight: Moving from Theory to Practice: A Case Study Using a Multilevel Approach to Changing Dietary Behavior
References
Index