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Everyday Morality : An Introduction to Applied Ethics

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ISBN-10: 0534520340

ISBN-13: 9780534520342

Edition: 3rd 2001

Authors: Mike W. Martin

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Description:

The book is aimed at courses that combine theory and applied (practical) ethics, with an emphasis on the practical topics of everyday interest. This book is an introduction to the philosophy of morality as it applies to practical moral needs. Moral character is explored in all its dimensions: virtues, vices, attitudes, emotions, commitments, and personal relationships, in addition to right and wrong conduct. The aim is to stimulate personal reflection and group dialogue, rather than offer solutions. It seeks to sharpen ideas which we use as tools in coping responsibly with our daily lives.
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Book details

Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 4/10/2000
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 440
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.430
Language: English

Prefacep. xii
Character and Conductp. 2
Morality and Self-Interestp. 4
What Is Morality?p. 4
Applied Ethicsp. 6
Ethical Subjectivismp. 8
Ethical Egoismp. 11
Psychological Egoismp. 14
Self-Fulfillmentp. 15
Summaryp. 17
Discussion Topicsp. 18
Suggested Readingsp. 19
Theories of Right Actionp. 21
Aims of Ethical Theoriesp. 21
Utilitarianism: Mill and Act-Utilitarianismp. 22
Utilitarianism: Brandt and Rule-Utilitarianismp. 26
Rights Ethics: Locke and Liberty Rightsp. 27
Rights Ethics: Melden and Welfare Rightsp. 29
Duty Ethics: Kant and Respect for Personsp. 31
Duty Ethics: Ross and Prima Facie Dutiesp. 33
Which Theory Is Best?p. 35
Pragmatismp. 37
Summaryp. 39
Discussion Topicsp. 40
Suggested Readingsp. 42
Theories of Virtuep. 43
Virtues as Desirable Character Traitsp. 43
Human Nature and Virtue Theoriesp. 44
Plato: Moral Healthp. 44
Aristotle: Rational Emotions and Desiresp. 46
Difficulties with Greek Ethicsp. 49
Aquinas: Religious Virtuesp. 50
Hume: Benevolence and Sympathyp. 51
From Theory to Practicep. 52
MacIntyre: Self-Knowledge and Social Goodsp. 53
Pincoffs: Choices Among Personsp. 55
Summaryp. 58
Discussion Topicsp. 59
Suggested Readingsp. 60
Multicultural Ethicsp. 62
Diversity and Relativismp. 64
Ethical Conventionalismp. 65
Ethical Pluralismp. 70
Conceptual Relativismp. 72
Multiculturalismp. 74
Disabilities and Diversityp. 75
Summaryp. 77
Discussion Topicsp. 78
Suggested Readingsp. 79
Religious Ethicsp. 81
Motivation: Surrender, Community, and Karmap. 81
Guidance: The Golden Rulep. 83
Ideals and Exemplarsp. 85
Justification: Divine Command Ethicsp. 87
Moral Critiques of Religionp. 88
Summaryp. 89
Discussion Topicsp. 90
Suggested Readingsp. 92
Feminismp. 93
Gender Rolesp. 93
Care Ethicsp. 95
Languagep. 100
Rapep. 101
Sexual Harassmentp. 104
Summaryp. 105
Discussion Topicsp. 107
Suggested Readingsp. 108
Race and Ethnic Identityp. 110
Racism, Race, and Ethnicityp. 110
Explaining Racismp. 113
Moral Perspectivesp. 113
Psychological-Social Perspectivesp. 114
Biological Perspectivesp. 114
Assimilationist and Pluralistic Idealsp. 114
Speech Codesp. 118
Affirmative Actionp. 120
Summaryp. 121
Discussion Topicsp. 122
Suggested Readingsp. 124
Moral Standingp. 126
Abortionp. 128
Are Fetuses Persons?p. 129
Conservativesp. 129
Liberalsp. 131
Moderatesp. 132
Balancing Moral Reasonsp. 133
Conflicting Rights: Liberals Versus Conservativesp. 133
Moderatesp. 135
Laws and Government Policiesp. 136
Summaryp. 138
Discussion Topicsp. 138
Suggested Readingsp. 140
Animalsp. 141
Animals as Companionsp. 141
No Moral Worthp. 144
Full Moral Statusp. 145
Partial Moral Statusp. 148
Summaryp. 149
Discussion Topicsp. 150
Suggested Readingsp. 152
Environmentp. 153
Human-Centered Ethicsp. 153
Nature-Centered Ethicsp. 155
Sentientist Ethicsp. 156
Biocentric Ethicsp. 156
Ecocentric Ethicsp. 157
Rules of Conductp. 158
Practical Conflicts and Consensusp. 160
Summaryp. 162
Discussion Topicsp. 162
Suggested Readingsp. 164
Sexual Moralityp. 166
Sex and Lovep. 169
Definitions of Lovep. 170
Arguments for Sex without Lovep. 172
Arguments for Sex with Lovep. 173
True Love: Obligations or Ideals?p. 175
Summaryp. 177
Discussion Topicsp. 177
Suggested Readingsp. 179
Homosexuality and Homophobiap. 181
Closets and Coming Outp. 182
The Reproductive Purpose of Sexp. 183
Other Senses of "Unnatural"p. 185
Promiscuityp. 187
Homophobiap. 188
Summaryp. 189
Discussion Topicsp. 190
Suggested Readingsp. 191
Pornography and Fantasyp. 192
A Definition of Pornographyp. 193
Examples of Pornographyp. 194
Fantasyp. 196
Fantasy as Morally Neutralp. 196
Fantasy as Sometimes Immoralp. 197
A Synthesis of Opposing Viewsp. 199
Obscenityp. 200
Summaryp. 202
Discussion Topicsp. 203
Suggested Readingsp. 204
Caring Relationshipsp. 206
Marriage and Adulteryp. 208
Is Marriage a Moral Issue?p. 208
Potential Drawbacks to Marriagep. 209
Outside Controlp. 209
Psychological Constrictionp. 210
Sexual Confinementp. 212
Extramarital Affairs: Two Casesp. 213
Taylor's Defense of Extramarital Affairsp. 214
Jealousyp. 216
Summaryp. 218
Discussion Topicsp. 219
Suggested Readingsp. 220
Parents and Childrenp. 222
Two Examples: Franz Kafka and Maya Angeloup. 222
Parental Responsibility: Respect Versus Abusep. 225
Definitions of Child Abusep. 226
Filial Duties and Gratitudep. 228
Dutiesp. 229
Gratitudep. 229
Lovep. 231
Surrogate Motherhoodp. 232
Summaryp. 233
Discussion Topicsp. 234
Suggested Readingsp. 235
Friendshipp. 237
An Example of Friendshipp. 237
Definition of Friendshipp. 239
The Value of Friendshipp. 240
Responsibilitiesp. 242
Moral Limits on Friendshipp. 243
Summaryp. 245
Discussion Topicsp. 246
Suggested Readingsp. 247
Interpersonal Conflictsp. 249
Angerp. 249
Envyp. 250
Ressentimentp. 252
Hatredp. 253
Forgivenessp. 254
Conflict Resolution and Peacemakingp. 255
Compromisep. 257
Summaryp. 258
Discussion Topicsp. 259
Suggested Readingsp. 260
Moral Autonomy and Integrityp. 262
Self-Respectp. 264
Responsibilities to Oneselfp. 264
Self-Respect Versus Self-Esteemp. 266
Masochismp. 269
Self-Deprecationp. 270
Irrational Shame and Guiltp. 272
Snobberyp. 274
Summaryp. 276
Discussion Topicsp. 276
Suggested Readingsp. 278
Self-Knowledge and Self-Deceptionp. 280
Self-Knowledgep. 280
Self-Deceiving Tacticsp. 281
Paradoxesp. 282
Responsibilityp. 284
Self-Respect, Self-Esteem, and Immoralityp. 286
Summaryp. 289
Discussion Topicsp. 290
Suggested Readingsp. 292
Self-Control and Couragep. 294
Loss of Self-Controlp. 294
Paradoxesp. 295
Inner Conflict and Self-Respectp. 297
Excusesp. 299
Forms of Couragep. 300
Courage, Cowardice, and Fearp. 302
A Definition of Courageous Actionsp. 302
The Good of Couragep. 304
Summaryp. 305
Discussion Topicsp. 305
Suggested Readingsp. 307
Moral Healthp. 308
Responsibility and Therapyp. 310
The Therapeutic Trendp. 311
Nietzsche's Therapeutic Critique of Moralityp. 313
Freud's Therapeutic Critique of Moralityp. 315
Integrating Morality and Therapyp. 317
Determinism and Responsibilityp. 319
Summaryp. 320
Discussion Topicsp. 321
Suggested Readingsp. 323
Drug Abusep. 324
Problem Drugsp. 324
Why Use Drugs?p. 325
Dependency and Addictionp. 327
Problem Drinkersp. 328
The Right to Smokep. 330
Illegal Drugsp. 331
Summaryp. 332
Discussion Topicsp. 333
Suggested Readingsp. 334
Suicide and Euthanasiap. 336
What Is Suicide?p. 336
Is Suicide Ever Justified?p. 337
Preventing Suicidep. 339
Assisting Suicidep. 340
Euthanasiap. 342
Active Euthanasia, Mercy, and Autonomyp. 344
Summaryp. 345
Discussion Topicsp. 346
Suggested Readingsp. 347
Community and Wealthp. 350
Moneyp. 352
Money and Happinessp. 352
Money Madness and Financial Responsibilityp. 354
Gamblingp. 357
Economic Justicep. 360
Summaryp. 364
Discussion Topicsp. 365
Suggested Readingsp. 366
Meaningful Workp. 367
Examples of Two Workersp. 367
Alienation and Work Ethicsp. 369
Collegialityp. 370
Loyaltyp. 371
Career Choice and Communityp. 374
Summaryp. 376
Discussion Topicsp. 377
Suggested Readingsp. 379
Community Servicep. 380
An Example of Community Servicep. 381
Individualism and Communityp. 382
How Much Should We Give?p. 383
Generosity and Supererogationp. 385
To Whom Should We Give?p. 387
Summaryp. 388
Discussion Topicsp. 389
Suggested Readingsp. 390
Notesp. 393
Indexp. 417
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