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Life and Death A Reader in Moral Problems

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ISBN-10: 0534508251

ISBN-13: 9780534508258

Edition: 2nd 2000 (Revised)

Authors: Louis P. Pojman

List price: $223.95
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This anthology examines 11 key issues dealing with the beginning and end of life, and presents a balanced set of 67 classic and contemporary readings on each of them. It is unique in its coverage of applied ethics, medical topics, and broad theoretical considerations of issues of life and death?the sanctity of life versus the quality of life, and the meaning of life and death. The section on Ethical Theory covers the classic theories as well as ethical relativism to orient students to the nature and importance of ethics. The section on the sanctity of life versus the quality of life examines a vital but often neglected issue in moral philosophy. Introductions and study questions accompany…    
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Book details

List price: $223.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2000
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 7/9/1999
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 592
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.980
Language: English

Louis P. Pojman (1935-2005) was Professor of Philosophy, Emeritus, at the United States Military Academy and a Life Member of Clare Hall, Cambridge University. He received an M.A. and Ph.D. from Union Theological Seminary/Columbia University. He was a Fulbright Fellow at the University of Copenhagen and a Rockefeller Fellow at Hamburg University. He received his D.Phil. in Philosophy from Oxford University in 1997.His first position was at the University of Notre Dame, after which he taught at the University of Texas at Dallas. Later, at the University of Mississippi, he served for three years as Chair of the Department of Philosophy and Religion. In 1995, he became Professor of Philosophy…    

Preface
Ethical Theories
Classical Theories
Immanual Kant: Deontological Ethics
John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism
Thomas Hobbes: Contractual Ethics
Relativism and Objectivism
Herodotus: Custom Is King
Ruth Benedict: A Defense of Ethical Relativism
Louis P. Pojman: A Defense of Ethical Objectivism
The Sanctity of Life and the Quality of Life
The Bible: Genesis and Psalm 8: The Devine Creation of Humanity
Albert Schweitzer: Reverence for Life
Jonathan Glover: Against the Sanctity of Life Doctrine
H. Tristram Englehardt, Jr.: The Sanctity of Life and the Concept of a Person
Daniel Callahan: The Sanctity of Life Principle: The New Consensus
Death and the Meaning of Life
Plato: Death and Immortality
Epicurus: Death Is Nothing to Us
Richard Taylor: Does Life Have a Meaning?
Lois Hope Walker: Religion and the Meaning of Life and Death
Jeffrie Murphy: Rationality and the Fear of Death
Prasannatma Das: A Hindu Theory of Life and Death
Suicide
Thomas Aquinas: Suicide Is Unnatural and Immoral
David Hume: On the Naturalness of Suicide
Albert Camus: Life Is Absurd
Richard Brandt: On the Morality and Rationality of Suicide
Margaret Pabst Battin: Suicide: A Fundamental Right?
Euthanasia
Yale Kamisar: Against Legalizing Euthanasia
Glanville Williams: For Legalizing Euthanasia: A Rejoinder
James Rachels: Active and Passive Euthanasia
Thomas D. Sullivan: Active and Passive Euthanasia: An Impertinent Distinction?
The Oregon Law on the Right to Die
What Is Death? The Crisis of Criteria
Robert M. Veatch: Defining Death Anew
David J. Mayo and Daniel Wikler: Euthanasia and the Transition from Life to Death
Abortion
John T. Noonan, Jr.: Abortion Is Morally Wrong
Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion
Baruch Brody: Against an Absolute Right to Abortion
Mary Anne Warren: The Personhood Argument in Favor of Abortion
Harry J. Gensler: The Golden Rule Argument Against Abortion
Don Marquis: Why Abortion Is Immoral
Gerald H. Paske: Abortion and the Neo-Natal Right to Life: A Critique of Marquis's Futurist Argument
Human Cloning
Leon R. Kass: The Wisdom of Repugnance
National Bioethics Advisory Board: Against Cloning Human Beings
Richard Lewontin: The Confusion over Cloning
Gregory E. Pence: Will Cloning Harm People?
The Death Penalty
Immanual Kant: Retributivism: The Right to Capital Punishment
Thurgood Marshall: The Death Penalty Is a Denial of Human Dignity
Burton Leiser: A Retributivist Justification of the Death Penalty
Hugo Adam Bedau: Against Retributive Justification of the Death Penalty
Sidney Hook: The Death Sentence: Limited Use
Ernest van den Haag and Louis Schwartz: The Death Penalty: Pro and Con
Animal Rights
Immanual Kant: We Have Only Indirect Duties to Animals
Peter Singer: All Animals Are Equal
R. G. Frey: A Utilitarian Critique of Animal Rights
Tom Regan: The Radical Egalitarian Case for Animal Rights
Robert White: The Case for Animal Experimentation
Tom Regan: The Case Against Animal Experimentation
Mary Anne Warren: Difficulties with the Strong Animal Rights Position
Carl Cohen: The Case Against Animal Rights
James Rachels: Vegetarianism and "The Other Weight Problem"
War
Robert Phillips: Just War Theory
Jan Narveson: A Critique of Pacifism
Cheyney Ryan: A Defense of Pacifism
The U.S. Catholics Bishops: Against the Use of Nuclear Weapons
Charles Krauthammer: On Nuclear Morality
Douglas Lackey: Missiles and Morals
William James: The Moral Equivalent of War
World Hunger
Garrett Hardin: Lifeboat Ethics: The Case Against Helping the Poor
William Murdoch and Allen Oaten: Population and Food: Metaphors and the Reality
Peter Singer: Famine, Affluence, and Morality
Richard Watson: Reason and Morality in a World of Limited Food
John Arthur: Famine Relief and the Ideal Moral Code