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Elementary Hydraulics

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ISBN-10: 0534494838

ISBN-13: 9780534494834

Edition: 2007

Authors: James F. Cruise, Vijay P. Singh, Mohsen M. Sherif

List price: $207.95
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Description:

Elementary Hydraulics is written for the undergraduate level and contains material to appeal to a diversified class of students. The book, divided into three parts, blends fluid mechanics, hydraulic science, and hydraulics engineering. The first part of the text draws upon fluid mechanics and summarizes the concepts deemed essential to the teaching of hydraulics. The second part builds on the first section while discussing the science of hydraulics. The third section looks at the engineering practice of hydraulics and illustrates practical applications of the material covered in the text. In addition to these applications, the text contains a number of numerical problems and a reading aid…    
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Book details

List price: $207.95
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 4/25/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 560
Size: 8.20" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.728
Language: English

Introduction
Definition of Hydraulics
Distinction Among Hydraulics, Hydrology, and Fluid Mechanics
Classification of Hydraulics
Subject Matter of Hydraulics
Environmental and Water Resources Problems Involving Hydraulic Applications
Classification of Hydraulic Problems
Scientific Approach to Investigating Hydraulic Problems
Simplification of Scientific Approach
Hydraulic Modeling
Scientific Foundations for the Study of Hydraulics
Dimensions
Systems of Units
Scope and Organization of the Book Reading Aid Problems References
Fluid Mechanic Preliminaries
Fundamental Properties of Fluids and Flow Types
Measures of Fluid Mass and Weight
Viscosity
Compressibility of Fluids
Thermal Expansion
Surface Tension
Vapor Pressure Reading Aid Problems References
Forces, Motion, and Energy
Hydraulic Parameters
Forces
Motions
Relation between Forces and Motions
Energy
Relation between Force and Energy
Mass, Momentum and Energy Fluxes
Significance of Relative Magnitudes of Forces and Energy
Regimes of Flow Reading Aid Problems References
Hydrostatics
Pressure at a Point
Pressure Field
Variation of Pressure in a Fluid at Rest
Standard Atmosphere
Hydrostatic Force on Immersed Surfaces
Graphical Representation of Hydrostatic Forces
Buoyancy and Stability
Measurement of Pressure
Manometer Reading Aid Problems References
Hydraulic Principles
Governing Equations
Mass Conservation: The Continuity Equation
Energy Conservation: The Bernoulli Equation
Momentum Conservation: The Momentum Equation
Choice between Momentum and Energy Equations Reading Aid Problems References
Dimensional Analysis and Hydraulic Similarity
Fundamental Dimensions, Systems of Units and Hydraulic Variables
Empirical Formulation of General Flow Equation
Methods of Dimensional Analysis
Hydraulic Scale Models
Types of Similarity
Dominating Forces
Distorted Models Reading Aid Problems References
Flow Resistance and Velocity Distributions
Factors Affecting Flow Resistance
Steady Uniform Flow
Resistance Equations for Steady Uniform Flow
Velocity Distributions in Steady, Uniform Flow
Power Law Velocity Distributions Reading Aid Problems References
Closed Conduit Flow
General Energy Considerations
Resistance Applications and Friction Losses in Pipes
Empirical Resistance Equations
Minor Losses in Pipes
Water Distribution Systems
Transient Flow in Closed Conduits
Surge tanks Reading Aid Problems References
Pumps
Introduction
Overall Efficiency of Hydraulic Machines
Classification of Pumps
Positive (Displacement) Pumps
Dynamic Pressure Pumps
Pumps Operating in Combination Reading Aid Problems References
Channel Geometry
Channel Flow
Types of Open Channels
Channel Geometry
Geometric Elements
Cross Section Asymmetry
Compound Sections
Channel Slope
River Hydraulic Geometry
Hydraulic Geometry of Basins
Measurement of Geometric Elements of Natural Rivers Reading Aid Problems References
Resistance in Open Channels
Steady, Uniform Flow in Open Channels
Calculation of Normal depth
Other Applications
Channel Efficiency
Resistance in Steady, Nonuniform Flow
Concluding Remarks Reading Aid Problems References
Energy Principle in Open Channels
Total Energy and Specific Energy
Specific Energy Diagram
Mathematical Solution of the Energy Equation
Critical Flow Conditions
Discharge-Depth Relation for Constant Specific Energy
Application of Energy Principle
Dimensionless Representation of Specific Energy Diagram Reading Aid Problems References
Momentum Principle in Open Channels
Momentum Function
Hydraulic Jump (Standing Wave)
Conjugate or Sequent Depths
Energy Loss in Hydraulic Jump
Geometry of Hydraulic Jumps
Classification of Hydraulic Jumps
Underflow (Sluice) Gates
Forced Jumps
Hydraulic Jumps in Expanding Sections
Jumps in Rectangular Channels with Sloping Beds
Oblique Jumps Reading Aid Problems References
Gradually Varied Flow
Gradually Varied Flow Equation
Water surface Profiles
Outlining Water Surface Profiles
Jump Location and Water Surface Profiles Between Steep and Mild Reaches
Control Sections Reading Aid Problems References
Hydraulic Applications and Design
Computation of Water Surface Profiles
Numerical Integration Method
Direct Step Method
Standard Step Method
HEC-RAS
Geographical Information Systems Applications Reading Aid Problems References
Design of Hydraulic Controls and Structures
Basic Principles
Design of Hydraulic Drainage and Control Structures Reading Aid Problems References
Conversion Factors
Table for Determining F (U, N) for Positive Slopes