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Earth Science Today

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ISBN-10: 0534384757

ISBN-13: 9780534384753

Edition: 2001

Authors: Brendan Murphy, Damian Nance

List price: $225.95
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Covering all traditional topics in comfortable depth, this text presents a process-oriented approach to understanding how Earth systems work. Emphasis is placed upon understanding fundamental principles and concepts over memorizing terminology. The authors' vision of Earth as a "planet in process" reinforces throughout the text the dynamic properties of Earth's systems.
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Book details

List price: $225.95
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Brooks/Cole
Publication date: 12/22/2000
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 576
Size: 8.50" wide x 11.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 3.784
Language: English

Preface
Introduction
Earth and Its Environment
Earth Science: A Study of Earth Systems
A Revolution in the Earth Sciences
Earth Science and the Scientific Method
Earth Science and Society
Goals for the Rest of the Book
Foundations and the solid earth
Earth materials: minerals and rocks
Chapter Overview
Minerals
Rocks
Revisiting the Rocks Cycle
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Review Questions
Study Questions
Geologic time and the age of the earth
Chapter Overview
The Vastness of Geologic Time
A Short History of Geologic Time
Relative Dating
Relative Time and the Geologic Time Scale
How Old Is the Earth?: The Quest for an Absolute Age
Radiometric Dating
Absolute Time and the Geologic Time Scale
A Sense of Time
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Review Questions
Study Questions
Plate tectonics: development of a theory
Chapter Overview
Continental Drift
Paleomagnetism and Sea Floor Spreading
Subduction: Where Does the Old Ocean Crust Go?
Plate Tectonics
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Review Questions
Study Questions
Plate tectonics: plates and plate boundaries
Chapter Overview
Moving Plates
The Structure of Plates
Buoyancy and the Principle of Isostasy
Plate Boundaries
Plate Driving Mechanisms
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Review Questions
Study Questions
Mountains and volcanoes
Chapter Overview
Introduction
Mountains at Divergent Margins
Mountains with Oceanic Plates
Mountains Produced By Subduction
Mountains Produced by Collision
Mountains Produced along Transform Faults
Mountains in the Past
Mountain Building and Deformation of Rocks
Mountain Building and Geologic Maps
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Review Questions
Study Questions
The earth's interior
Chapter Overview
Introduction
Clues from Heat and Density
Earthquake Waves
Journey to the Center of the Earth
Circulation in the Earth's Interior
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Review Questions
Study Questions
The hydrosphere: the origin and motion of water on our planet
Ocean water
Chapter Overview
Introduction
The Water Molecule
The Hydrologic Cycle
Sea Level
Ocean Basins and Plate Tectonics
Composition of Ocean Water
Why Is Ocean Water Salty? The Relationship between Composition and Source Region
The Origin of Ocean Waters
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Review Questions
Study Questions
Circulation of ocean water
Chapter Overview
Introduction
Waves
Coastal Regions
Tides
A General Overview of Ocean Water Circulation
Vertical Profiles of Ocean Water
Ocean Currents
Putting it All Together: El Nino
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Review Questions
Study Questions
Fresh water
Chapter Overview
Introduction
The Hydrologic Cycle and the Water Budget
Global Precipitation Patterns
Groundwater
Surface Water
Human Exploitation of Fresh Water
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Review Questions
Study Questions
The atmosphere: the air we breathe
The atmosphere
Chapter Overview
Introduction: The Composition of the Atmosphere
Interaction between Water and Air
The Layers of the Atmosphere
Weather and Climate
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Review Questions
Study Questions
Circulation of the atmosphere
Chapter Overview
Atmosphere Circulation
Storms
Persistent Global Atmospheric Circulation Patterns
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Review Questions
Study Questions
The evolution of the earth systems and the biosphere
Evolution Of The Earth Systems I: The Precambrian
Chapter Overview
Introduction
Principles in the Earth's Evolution
Earth Systems in the Hadean and Archean
Earth Systems in the Proterozoic
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Review Questions
Study Questions
Evolution Of The Earth Systems II: The Phanerozoic
Chapter Overview
Introduction: Geologic Time Scale Re