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Nature of Science : Problems and Perspectives Problems and Perspectives

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ISBN-10: 0534247504

ISBN-13: 9780534247508

Edition: 1997

Authors: Edwin Hung

List price: $206.95
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This text, the first comprehensive text in philosophy of science in many years, is divided into two books. Book I deals with traditional problems in the philosophy of science: logic, explanation, and epistemology. Book II presents various schools and systems of thought from the philosophy of science. Prominently featured are: rationalism, empiricism, logical positivism and constructivism. The text offers both breadth and depth, but is written in a clear and accessible style, making it appropriate for philosophy of science courses at the undergraduate and graduate levels.
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Book details

List price: $206.95
Copyright year: 1997
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 7/25/1996
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 512
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.738
Language: English

Preface
A Word to Instructors
A Word to Students
Introduction: What Is The Philosophy Of Science?
A Tale of Two Theories: The Story of Light
Truth, Explanation And Reality: The Classical Tradition And Its Problems
Basic Types of Reasoning in Science
Hypotheses
Deductive Reasoning
Inductive Reasoning
Statistical and Probalistic Reasoning
The Search for Truth
Empirical Discovery of Plausible Hypotheses
Empirical Evaluation I: Indirect Tests and Auxiliary Hypotheses
Empirical Evaluation II: Crucial Tests and AD HOC Revisions
Theoretical Justification: Theories and Their Uses
Conventionalism and the Duhem-Quine Thesis
The Quest for Explanation
Covering-Law Thesis of Explanation
Universal Laws of Nature
Probalistic Explanation and Probalistic Causality
Teleological Explanation, Mind, and Reductionism
Other Theories of Explanation: the Contextual, the Casual, and the Unificatory
The Pursuit of Reality
The Classical View of Scientific Theories
Realism Versus Instrumentalism
Critiques of the Classical View
Antirealism I: The Empiricist Challenge
Intermezzo: So, How Does Science Work?
Rationalism, Empiricism, Positivism And Constructivism: Evolving Views And Perspectives
Rationalism and Empiricism
Rationalism and Then Empiricism
Problems of Empiricism IA: Hume''s Problem
Problems of Empiricism IB: Goodman''s Paradox and Hempel''s Paradox
Problems of Empiricism II: Problem of Observation
The Classical Dynasty
Logical Positivism
Popper''s Falsificationism
The Weltanschauung Revolution
Introduction: Two Paradigm Theories
Kuhn I: Normal Science and Revolutionary Science
Kuhn II: Incommensurability and Relativism
Towards History, Sociology and Artificial Intelligence
Lakatos: The Revisionist Popperian
Laudan: The Eclectic Historicist
History, Sociology, and Philosophy of Science
Antirealism Ii: The Constructivist Rebellion
Artificial Intelligience and the Philosophy of Science
Epilogue
Bibliography
Index