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Orientation to College Learning

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ISBN-10: 0534245285

ISBN-13: 9780534245283

Edition: 1st 1995

Authors: Dianna L. Van Blerkom

List price: $36.95
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This text contains 15 chapters covering major survival and study skills. It provides adequate examples to support discussions, although it is briefer than similar texts for this type of course. The text is extensively class-tested, exhibiting the authors wide teaching experience and real understanding of students needs.
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Book details

List price: $36.95
Edition: 1st
Copyright year: 1995
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 7/21/1994
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 298
Weight: 0.990
Language: English

Dianna L. Van Blerkom is an experienced author and educator. She is an assistant professor in the Academic Support Center at the University of Pittsburgh, Johnstown, and previously served as the director. She also has published numerous articles and textbooks, including COLLEGE STUDY SKILLS: BECOMING A STRATEGIC LEARNER, TAKING CHARGE OF YOUR LEARNING: A GUIDE TO COLLEGE SUCCESS, and COLLEGE READING AND STUDY STRATEGIES with co-author Patricia Mulcahy-Ernt.

To the Instructorp. xxi
To the Studentp. xxix
Getting Ready to Learnp. 1
Characteristics of Successful Studentsp. 2
Becoming an Active Learnerp. 3
Becoming a Strategic Learnerp. 3
Using Learning Styles to Enhance Performancep. 6
What Are Learning Styles?p. 6
Characteristics of Learning Modalitiesp. 6
Why Your Learning Style Is Importantp. 12
Getting Motivated to Learnp. 13
Factors That Influence Motivationp. 13
Strategies to Increase Motivationp. 14
Getting Your Money's Worthp. 15
Why Are You in College?p. 16
Making the Transition to Learnp. 16
Balancing School, Home, and Work Responsibilitiesp. 17
Accepting New Responsibilitiesp. 17
Managing Stressp. 18
Decision Making and Problem Solvingp. 20
TIPS for Making the Transition to Collegep. 21
Making the Most of Your College Resourcesp. 22
Getting to Know the Turfp. 22
Student Support Servicesp. 23
Your College Libraryp. 23
Your Professorsp. 24
Your College Advisorp. 24
Summaryp. 25
Activitiesp. 25
Review Questionsp. 27
Goal Settingp. 29
What Are Goals?p. 30
Characteristics of Goalsp. 31
Long- and Short-Term Goalsp. 33
Academic and Personal Goalsp. 33
Goal Setting Improves Performancep. 34
Writing Effective Goal Statementsp. 34
Use the Five-Step Approachp. 34
Develop an Action Planp. 36
Setting Goals for the New Semesterp. 37
Set Priorities for the First Three Weeksp. 38
Plan for Early Successp. 38
Plan Rewardsp. 38
Ten Tips to Get Off to the Right Start This Semesterp. 39
Consider Consequencesp. 40
Revise Your Goals Periodicallyp. 40
Summaryp. 41
Activitiesp. 41
Review Questionsp. 43
Time Managementp. 45
Analyze Your Use of Timep. 47
Why Is Time Management Important?p. 47
How Do You Manage Your Time Now?p. 48
Identify Time Available for Studyp. 48
Identify Time Needed for Studyp. 52
Establish a New Time Planp. 53
Organize Your Study Timep. 54
Create a Semester Calendarp. 54
Prepare Weekly Task Listsp. 56
Use Daily "To Do" Listsp. 57
Set Up Your Study Schedulep. 59
Work Aheadp. 60
Use Time-Management Strategies to Stay Motivatedp. 61
Study in One-Hour Blocksp. 61
Take Breaksp. 61
Time Management TIPS for Nontraditional Studentsp. 62
Tackle Difficult Assignments Firstp. 62
Switch Subjectsp. 63
Plan Rewardsp. 63
Reevaluate Your Time Planp. 63
Coping with Procrastinationp. 64
Main Causes of Procrastinationp. 64
Other Reasons Why Students Procrastinatep. 65
Strategies for Overcoming Procrastinationp. 66
Summaryp. 68
Activitiesp. 69
Review Questionsp. 70
Improving Concentrationp. 73
What Is Concentration?p. 75
The Three Levels of Concentrationp. 75
The Concentration Cyclep. 77
Causes of Poor Concentrationp. 78
Concentration Problems During Lecture Classesp. 79
Concentration Problems When Your Read Your Textp. 80
Concentration Problems When You Study for Examsp. 81
Strategies for Improving Concentrationp. 81
Create a Positive Learning Environmentp. 82
Deal with Internal Distractionsp. 83
Ten Tips for Setting Up a Good Study Environmentp. 84
Use Active Learning Strategiesp. 85
Match Your Learning Style to the Taskp. 87
Monitor Your Concentrationp. 87
Benefits of Improved Concentrationp. 88
Summaryp. 88
Activitiesp. 89
Review Questionsp. 91
Taking Lecture Notesp. 93
Why Take Lecture Notes?p. 95
How to Take Lecture Notesp. 96
Prepare Before Taking Notesp. 96
Become an Active Listenerp. 97
Use an Effective Note-Taking Systemp. 98
What to Include in Your Notesp. 104
Headingsp. 105
Detailsp. 105
Additional Strategies for Taking Lecture Notesp. 106
Discussion Classesp. 107
Math and Science Classesp. 107
How to Edit Your Notesp. 108
Fill in the Gapsp. 108
Check for Accuracyp. 108
Clarify Meaningp. 109
Rewrite to Improve Organizationp. 109
Develop a Recall Columnp. 110
How to Review Your Notesp. 113
When and Why You Should Reviewp. 113
How You Should Reviewp. 114
Summaryp. 114
Activitiesp. 115
Review Questionsp. 117
Reading Your Textbookp. 119
General Strategies for Reading College Textsp. 121
Buy Your Textbooks Earlyp. 121
TIPS for Reading College Textbooksp. 122
Preview Your Textbooksp. 123
Read the Chapter Before the Lecturep. 123
Read Ten Pages at a Timep. 123
Monitor Your Comprehensionp. 124
Become a Critical Readerp. 124
What Is Critical Reading?p. 125
Understanding Critical Reading Skillsp. 125
Use a Text Reading/Study Systemp. 127
The P2R Reading/Study Systemp. 128
The SQ3R Reading/Study Systemp. 129
The S-RUN-R Reading/Study Systemp. 132
Summaryp. 133
Activitiesp. 134
Review Questionsp. 136
Marking Your Textbookp. 137
Why Should You Mark Your Text?p. 139
How Should You Mark Your Text?p. 139
Highlightp. 140
Underlinep. 140
Make Marginal Notesp. 141
Avoid Complex Marking Systemsp. 142
What Should You Mark?p. 143
Mark Headingsp. 144
Mark Main Ideasp. 144
Focus on Supporting Detailsp. 145
How Much Should You Mark?p. 145
How to Review Your Text Markingp. 147
Re-Mark Your Textp. 147
TIPS for Marking Your Textp. 148
Take Notes on Your Markingp. 149
How to Evaluate Your Text Markingp. 150
Be Sure Your Marking Makes Sensep. 150
Get Feedback on Your Markingp. 150
Test Your Marking After an Examp. 151
Summaryp. 151
Activitiesp. 152
Review Questionsp. 153
Taking Text Notesp. 155
Why Should You Take Text Notes?p. 157
Note Taking Promotes Active Readingp. 157
Note Taking Condenses the Materialp. 158
When Should You Take Text Notes?p. 158
When You First Read the Chapterp. 158
After the Lecturep. 159
At the End of the Weekp. 159
When You Prepare for the Examp. 159
How Should You Take Text Notes?p. 160
Written Notesp. 160
Mappingp. 164
Chartingp. 167
TIPS for Taking Text Notesp. 171
How Should You Review Your Text Notes?p. 172
Recite Your Notesp. 172
Replicate Your Notesp. 172
Create a Recall Columnp. 172
How Should You Evaluate Your Text Notes?p. 174
Summaryp. 174
Activitiesp. 175
Review Questionsp. 176
Preparing for Examsp. 179
Gather Information Before You Studyp. 181
Learn About the Examp. 181
Levels of Questionsp. 181
Learn About Yourselfp. 182
Use the Five-Day Study Planp. 183
Space Your Studyp. 183
Divide the Materialp. 185
Study the Oldest Material Firstp. 185
Plan Active Study Tasksp. 186
Monitor Your Learningp. 189
Use Active Study Strategiesp. 190
Reread and Re-Mark Your Text and Notesp. 190
Prepare Word Cardsp. 192
Make Question Cardsp. 194
Create Study Sheetsp. 197
Make Self-Testsp. 199
Use Recitation Strategiesp. 200
More Active Study Strategiesp. 201
Study in a Groupp. 202
Evaluate Your Preparationp. 202
Evaluate as You Preparep. 203
Evaluate After You Complete Your Planp. 203
Evaluate After the Examp. 203
Summaryp. 204
Activitiesp. 204
Review Questionsp. 206
Improving Memoryp. 209
Understanding Memory Processesp. 211
Information Processing Modelp. 211
Retrieval and Forgettingp. 214
Why You Need Memory Strategiesp. 215
General Memory Strategiesp. 216
Spaced Practicep. 216
Breaking Down Tasksp. 217
Repetitionp. 217
Overlearningp. 218
Specific Memory Strategiesp. 218
Rehearsal Strategiesp. 218
Elaboration Strategiesp. 219
More TIPS for Improving Your Memoryp. 222
Organizational Strategiesp. 224
Comprehension Monitoring Strategiesp. 227
Affective and Motivational Strategiesp. 228
Summaryp. 229
Activitiesp. 230
Review Questionsp. 231
Taking Objective Testsp. 233
Reduce Test Anxietyp. 235
What Is Test Anxiety?p. 235
What Causes Test Anxiety?p. 236
Is Test Anxiety Normal?p. 236
Coping with Test Anxietyp. 238
Don't Let Test Anxiety Become an Excusep. 240
General Test-Taking Strategiesp. 240
Prepare Wellp. 241
Follow Directionsp. 241
Budget Your Timep. 241
Answer the Easiest Questions Firstp. 242
Specific Test-Taking Strategiesp. 243
Strategies for Matching Testsp. 244
Strategies for True/False Testsp. 245
Strategies for Multiple-Choice Testsp. 246
Guessing Strategiesp. 248
Look for Patternsp. 249
Check for Balanced Answer Keysp. 249
Guessing Doesn't Replace Proper Preparationp. 249
Learning from Examsp. 249
End-of-Exam Strategiesp. 250
Evaluate Your Preparationp. 251
Learn from Your Mistakesp. 251
Get Help Before the Next Examp. 251
Summaryp. 252
Activitiesp. 253
Review Questionsp. 254
Preparing for Essay Testsp. 257
Predict Questionsp. 259
Predict Extra Questionsp. 259
Predict the Right Kinds of Questionsp. 260
Predict Challenging Questionsp. 260
Gather Informationp. 262
Treat Each Question Separatelyp. 262
Organize Informationp. 263
Label Each Pointp. 264
Outline Your Answerp. 264
Learn the Informationp. 267
Identify and Learn Key Pointsp. 267
Use Mnemonic Devicesp. 267
Write Out the Answerp. 267
Why You Should Write Out Your Answerp. 268
Practice Using Your Outlinep. 268
Write Out the Most Difficult Questionsp. 268
Prepare All Sample Questionsp. 269
TIPS for Preparing for Essay Testsp. 270
Summaryp. 271
Activitiesp. 272
Review Questionsp. 273
Taking Essay Testsp. 275
How to Take an Essay Testp. 277
Read the Directions Carefullyp. 277
Plan Before You Writep. 278
Write Your Answerp. 281
Factors That Influence Your Gradep. 286
Contentp. 286
Organizationp. 286
TIPS for Taking Essay Testsp. 287
Formatp. 288
Mechanicsp. 288
Neatnessp. 289
Strategies for Gaining More Pointsp. 289
Use the Exam as a Resourcep. 289
Always Write Somethingp. 290
Leave Extra Spacep. 290
What If You Run Out of Time?p. 291
Learning from Examsp. 291
What Can You Learn?p. 291
How Can You Evaluate Your Answer?p. 292
Rewrite Your Answers for Comparisonp. 292
Summaryp. 293
Activitiesp. 294
Review Questionsp. 295
Preparing for Final Examsp. 297
What Are Final Exams?p. 299
How Should You Prepare?p. 299
Manage Your Time Efficientlyp. 299
Make Academics Your Top Priorityp. 300
Set Priorities for Examsp. 301
Attend All Classesp. 303
Reduce Test Anxietyp. 303
Preparation Strategiesp. 304
Make a Final-Exam Schedulep. 304
Set Up a Study Schedulep. 305
Prepare for Comprehensive Finalsp. 307
Use Active Study Strategiesp. 311
Stay Motivatedp. 311
TIPS for Preparing for Final Examsp. 312
Put Forth Your Best Effort on Each Examp. 313
Monitor Your Progressp. 313
Summaryp. 313
Activitiesp. 314
Review Questionsp. 315
Communicating on Paper, Orally, and on the Internetp. 317
Communicating on Paperp. 319
Writing Is a Processp. 319
Getting Startedp. 320
Brainstormp. 321
Get Focusedp. 322
Getting Organizedp. 323
List and Select Ideasp. 323
Develop a Tentative Thesisp. 323
Outline Your Paperp. 324
Drafting Your Paperp. 325
The Introductionp. 325
The Body Paragraphsp. 325
The Conclusionp. 326
Revising Your Paperp. 327
Revise as You Planp. 327
Revise After Your Paper Is Returnedp. 327
Evaluating Your Paperp. 328
Compare Your Paper with Previous Papersp. 328
Discuss Your Paper with Your Professorp. 328
Communicating Orallyp. 329
Preparing a Speechp. 329
Choose the Topicp. 329
Research the Topicp. 331
Organize the Informationp. 332
Prepare Your Speaking Aidsp. 333
Practice the Speechp. 334
Delivering a Speechp. 335
Prepare Yourself to Speakp. 335
Use Good Delivery Techniquesp. 335
Evaluating a Speechp. 336
Communicating on the Internetp. 337
What Is the Internet?p. 337
Getting Connectedp. 337
Finding Information on the Internetp. 338
Browsing for Informationp. 338
Searching for Informationp. 338
Narrowing Your Searchp. 341
Doing Library Research On-linep. 341
TIPS for Communicating on the Internetp. 342
Summaryp. 343
Activitiesp. 344
Review Questionsp. 345
Indexp. 347
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