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Palaeopathology

ISBN-10: 0521861373

ISBN-13: 9780521861373

Edition: 2009

Authors: Tony Waldron

List price: $113.00
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Description:

Paleopathology is designed to help bone specialists with diagnosis of diseases in skeletal assemblages. It suggests an innovative method of arriving at a diagnosis in the skeleton by applying what are referred to as 'operational definitions'. The aim is to ensure that all those who study bones will use the same criteria for diagnosing disease, which will enable valid comparisons to be made between studies. This book is based on modern clinical knowledge and provides background information so that those who read will understand the natural history of bone diseases, and this will enable them to draw reliable conclusions from their observations. Details of bone metabolism and the fundamentals of basic pathology are also provided, as well as a comprehensive and up-to-date bibliography. A short chapter on epidemiology provides information on how best to analyze and present the results of a study of human remains.
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Book details

List price: $113.00
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 10/20/2008
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 298
Size: 7.00" wide x 10.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.496
Language: English

Professor Tony Waldron teaches palaeopathology at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London. The author of about 300 peer-reviewed papers in medical, scientific, and archaeology journals, as well as books on occupational medicine and palaeoepidemiology, he is co-founder of the International Journal of Osteoarchaeology and served as co-editor for its first decade. He is a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of London, the Royal Society of Medicine, the Institute of Biology, and the Royal Anthropological Institute.

List of Figures
Preface
Introduction and Diagnosis
Diagnosis in Palaeopathology
Other Comparisons
A Note on Health ...
... and Mummies
Bone Metabolism and Pathology
Types of Bone
The Bone Matrix
Bone Cells and Cytokines
Bone Mass
Remodelling
Bone Pathology
Pathology, Pseudopathology and Normal Variation
Diseases of Joints, Part 1
Osteoarthritis
Precipitants of Osteoarthritis
The Natural History of Osteoarthritis
Diagnosis of Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis at Individual Sites
The Association Between Osteoarthritis and Other Conditions
Rotator Cuff Disease and Intervertebral Disc Disease
Schmorl's Nodes
Diseases of Joints, Part 2
Rheumatoid Arthritis
The Natural History of Rheumatoid Arthritis
Sero-Negative Arthropathies
Erosive Osteoarthritis
The Spondyloarthritides
Ankylosing Spondylitis
Reiter's Syndrome (Reactive Spondyloarthropathy)
Psoriatic Arthropathy
Enteropathic Arthropathy
Undifferentiated Spondyloarthritides
Juvenile Arthritis
Gout
Bunions
Bone forming and DISH
Bone Forming and Bone Formers
Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH)
Ossification in the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament
Hyperostosis Frontalis Interna
Heterotopic Ossification
Osteopetrosis
Infectious Diseases
Osteomyelitis
Special Forms of Osteomyelitis
Tuberculosis
Leprosy
Venereal Syphilis
The Origins of Syphilis
Changes in the Skeleton
Poliomyelitis
Smallpox
Fungal Infections of Bone
Parasitic Disease
Non-Specific Infections
Metabolic Diseases
Osteoporosis
Paget's Disease of Bone (PDB)
Rickets and Osteomalacia
Osteomalacia
Scurvy
Other Metabolic Diseases
Thyroid Disease
Hyperparathyroidism
Diabetes
Anaemia
Trauma
Fractures and Dislocations
Fractures
Treatment of Fractures
Complications of Fractures
Healing of fractures
The Epidemiology of Fractures
Comments of the Aetiology of Some Fractures
Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD)
Dislocations and Subluxations
Dislocation of the Shoulder
Wounding
Gunshot Wounds
Amputation
Trephination
The Autopsy
Legalised Trauma
Beheading
Hanging
Tumours
Epidemiology of Bone Tumours
The Diagnosis of Tumours in Human Remains
Benign Tumours
Tumours Arising from Bone
Tumours Arising from Cartilage
Malignant Tumours
Primary Malignant Bone Tumours
The Periosteal Response to Malignant Bone Tumours
Ewing's Sarcoma
Metastatic Bone Tumours
Diagnosing Secondary Tumours
Disorders of Growth and Development
Normal Growth
Abnormal Growth and Development
Dwarfism
Pituitary Dwarfism
Turner's Syndrome
Achondroplasia
Other Forms of Dwarfism
Gigantism
Disorders of Skull Growth
Cleft Palate
Developmental Disorders of the Hips
Fibrous Dysplasia
Kyphosis and Scoliosis
Klippel-Feil Syndrome
Other Spinal Anomalies
Soft Tissue Diseases
Cardio-Vascular Lesions
Neurological Lesions
Stones and Cysts
Dental Disease
Caries
Ante-Mortem Tooth Loss
Periodontal Disease
Dental Calculus
Periapical Cavities
Developmental Defects of Enamel
Ectopic Teeth and Morphological Variation
Dental Tumours
Dental Cysts
An Introduction to Epidemiology
Disease Frequency
Incidence
Prevalence
Outcome Variables
Missing Data
Overall Prevalence
Denominator-Free Methods
Ranking
Proportional Morbidity or Mortality Ratio
Analytical Epidemiology
Case-Control Studies in Palaeopathology
Planning a Study
A Note about Teeth
Select Bibliography
Index