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Cognitive Structure of Scientific Revolutions

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ISBN-10: 0521855756

ISBN-13: 9780521855754

Edition: 2005

Authors: Peter Barker, Hanne Andersen, Xiang Chen

List price: $103.00
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Description:

Thomas Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions became the most widely read book about science in the twentieth century. His terms 'paradigm' and 'scientific revolution' entered everyday speech, but they remain controversial. In the second half of the twentieth century, the new field of cognitive science combined empirical psychology, computer science, and neuroscience. In this book, the recent theories of concepts developed by cognitive scientists are used to evaluate and extend Kuhn's most influential ideas. Based on case studies of the Copernican revolution, the discovery of nuclear fission, and an elaboration of Kuhn's famous 'ducks and geese' example of concept learning, the volume offers new accounts of the nature of normal and revolutionary science, the function of anomalies, and the nature of incommensurability.
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Book details

List price: $103.00
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 4/24/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 220
Size: 6.00" wide x 8.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.990

Hanne Andersen is professor of medical philosophy and clinical theory at the University of Copenhagen.

Peter Barker is professor of history of science at the University of Oklahoma.

Xiang Chen is associate professor of philosophy at California Lutheran University.

List of Figures
Acknowledgments
Revolutions in Science and Science Studies
The Place of Kuhn's Work in Studies of Science
Revolutions in Science
Theories of Concepts
The Classical Theory of Concepts
The Roschian Revolution
Three Responses to the Roschian Revolution
Nature and Scope of the Present Work
Kuhn's Theory of Concepts
Exemplars
The Learning Procedure
Similarity, Dissimilarity, and Kind Hierarchies
Knowledge of Ontology and Knowledge of Regularities
Individual Differences and Graded Structures
Generalization to Scientific Concepts
Nomic and Normic Concepts
A Scientific Conceptual Structure: Early Nuclear Physics
Representing Concepts by Means of Dynamic Frames
Constituents of Dynamic Frames
Frames in Human Cognition
Evidence for Attribute-Value Sets
Evidence for Intraconceptual Relations
Family Resemblance and Graded Structure in Frames
Frames and Kind Hierarchies
Knowledge of Regularities and Ontological Knowledge
Value Constraints and Causal Theories
Scientific Change
The Phase Model of Scientific Development
Hierarchical Principles of Stable Conceptual Structures
The No-Overlap Principle
The Exhaustion Principle
The Inclusion Principle
Anomalies as Violations of the Hierarchical Principles
Sundevall's Taxonomy: Conceptual Revision in Normal Science
Core Concepts of Nuclear Physics in the 1930s
Anomalies in Nuclear Physics during the 1930s
Types of Conceptual Change
Revolutionary Change
The Gadow Taxonomy: Revolutionary Change without Communication Failure
Noddack, Fermi, and Fission: Revolutionary Change with Communication Failure
Conclusion: A Place for the Cognitive History of Science
Incommensurability
Introduction
The Development of Kuhn's Concept of Incommensurability
Representing Incommensurability in Frames
Galileo's Discoveries and the Conceptual Structure of Astronomy
The Copernican Revolution
The Conceptual Structure of Ptolemaic Astronomy
The Conceptual Structure of Copernican Astronomy
The Problem of the Equant Point
From Orbs to Orbits
The Conceptual Structure of Kepler's Astronomy
Incommensurability, Incremental Change, and the Copernican Revolution
Realism, History, and Cognitive Studies of Science
Results
Realism
Incommensurability and Realism
Entities in a Phenomenal World
Anomalies and Restructuring of the Phenomenal World
Chain-of-Reasoning Arguments, Conceptual Continuity, and Incommensurability
The Symmetry Thesis
References
Index