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Introduction to the Standard Model of Particle Physics

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ISBN-10: 0521852498

ISBN-13: 9780521852494

Edition: 2nd 2007 (Revised)

Authors: W. N. Cottingham, D. A. Greenwood

List price: $80.00
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Description:

The new edition of this introductory graduate textbook provides a concise but accessible introduction to the Standard Model. It has been updated to account for the successes of the theory of strong interactions, and the observations on matter-antimatter asymmetry. It has become clear that neutrinos are not mass-less, and this book gives a coherent presentation of the phenomena and the theory that describes them. It includes an account of progress in the theory of strong interactions and of advances in neutrino physics. The book clearly develops the theoretical concepts from the electromagnetic and weak interactions of leptons and quarks to the strong interactions of quarks. Each chapter…    
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Book details

List price: $80.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 2/22/2007
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 294
Size: 7.50" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

Noel Cottingham is a theoretician working in the H. H. Wills Physics Laboratory at the University of Bristol.

Derek Greenwood is a theoretician working in the H. H. Wills Physics Laboratory at the University of Bristol.

Preface to the second edition
Preface to the first edition
Notation
The particle physicist's view of Nature
Introduction
The construction of the Standard Model
Leptons
Quarks and systems of quarks
Spectroscopy of systems of light quarks
More quarks
Quark colour
Electron scattering from nucleons
Particle accelerators
Units
Lorentz transformations
Rotations, boosts and proper Lorentz transformations
Scalars, contravariant and covariant four-vectors
Fields
The Levi-Civita tensor
Time reversal and space inversion
The Lagrangian formulation of mechanics
Hamilton's principle
Conservation of energy
Continuous systems
A Lorentz covariant field theory
The Klein-Gordon equation
The energy-momentum tensor
Complex scalar fields
Classical electromagnetism
Maxwell's equations
A Lagrangian density for electromagnetism
Gauge transformations
Solutions of Maxwell's equations
Space inversion
Charge conjugation
Intrinsic angular momentum of the photon
The energy density of the electromagnetic field
Massive vector fields
The Dirac equation and the Dirac field
The Dirac equation
Lorentz transformations and Lorentz invariance
The parity transformation
Spinors
The matrices [gamma][superscript mu]
Making the Lagrangian density real
Free space solutions of the Dirac equation
A Dirac particle at rest
The intrinsic spin of a Dirac particle
Plane waves and helicity
Negative energy solutions
The energy and momentum of the Dirac field
Dirac and Majorana fields
The E >> m limit, neutrinos
Electrodynamics
Probability density and probability current
The Dirac equation with an electromagnetic field
Gauge transformations and symmetry
Charge conjugation
The electrodynamics of a charged scalar field
Particles at low energies and the Dirac magnetic moment
Quantising fields: QED
Boson and fermion field quantisation
Time dependence
Perturbation theory
Renornmalisation and renormalisable field theories
The magnetic moment of the electron
Quantisation in the Standard Model
The weak interaction: low energy phenomenology
Nuclear beta decay
Pion decay
Conservation of lepton number
Muon decay
The interactions of muon neutrinos with electrons
Symmetry breaking in model theories
Global symmetry breaking and Goldstone bosons
Local symmetry breaking and the Higgs boson
Massive gauge fields
SU(2) symmetry
The gauge fields
Breaking the SU(2) symmetry
Identification of the fields
The Weinberg-Salam electroweak theory for leptons
Lepton doublets and the Weinberg-Salam theory
Lepton coupling to the W[superscript plusminus]
Lepton coupling to the Z
Conservation of lepton number and conservation of charge
CP symmetry
Mass terms in L: an attempted generalisation
Experimental tests of the Weinberg-Salam theory
The search for the gauge bosons
The W[superscript plusminus] bosons
The Z boson
The number of lepton families
The measurement of partial widths
Left-right production cross-section asymmetry and lepton decay asymmetry of the Z boson
The electromagnetic and weak interactions of quarks
Construction of the Lagrangian density
Quark masses and the Kobayashi-Maskawa mixing matrix
The parameterisation of the KM matrix
CP symmetry and the KM matrix
The weak interaction in the low energy limit
The hadronic decays of the Z and W bosons
Hadronic decays of the Z
Asymmetry in quark production
Hadronic decays of the W[superscript plusminus]
The theory of strong interactions: quantum chromodynamics
A local SU(3) gauge theory
Colour gauge transformations on baryons and raesons
Lattice QCD and asymptotic freedom
The quark-antiquark interaction at short distances
The conservation of quarks
Isospin symmetry
Chiral symmetry
Quantum chromodynamics: calculations
Lattice QCD and confinement
Lattice QCD and hadrons
Perturbative QCD and deep inelastic scattering
Perturbative QCD and e[superscript +]e[superscript -] collider physics
The Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix
Leptonic weak decays of hadrons
V[subscript ud] and nuclear [beta] decay
More leptonic decays
CP symmetry violation in neutral kaon decays
B meson decays and B[Degree], B[Degree] mixing
The CPT theorem
Neutrino masses and mixing
Neutrino masses
The weak currents
Neutrino oscillations
The MSW effect
Neutrino masses and the Standard Moael
Parameterisation of U
Lepton number conservation
Sterile neutrinos
Neutrino masses and mixing: experimental results
Introduction
K2K
Chooz
KamLAND
Atmospheric neutrinos
Solar neutrinos
Solar MSW effects
Future prospects
Majorana neutrinos
Majorana neutrino fields
Majorana Lagrangian density
Majorana field equations
Majorana neutrinos: mixing and oscillations
Parameterisation of U
Majorana neutrinos in the Standard Model
The seesaw mechanism
Are neutrinos Dirac or Majorana?
Anomalies
The Adler-Bell-Jackiw anomaly
Cancellation of anomalies in electroweak currents
Lepton and baryon anomalies
Gauge transformations and the topological number
The instability of matter, and matter genesis
Epilogue
Reductionism complete?
An aide-memoire on matrices
Definitions and notation
Properties of n x n matrices
Hermitian and unitary matrices
A Fierz transformation
The groups of the Standard Model
Definition of a group
Rotations of the coordinate axes, and the group SO(3)
The group SU(2)
The group SL (2,C) and the proper Lorentz group
Transformations of the Pauli matrices
Spinors
The group SU(3)
Annihilation and creation operators
The simple harmonic oscillator
An assembly of bosons
An assembly of fermions
The parton model
Elastic electron scattering from nucleons
Inelastic electron scattering from nucleons: the parton model
Hadronic states
Mass matrices and mixing
K[Degree] and K[Degree]
B[Degree] and B[Degree]
References
Hints to selected problems
Index