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Introducing Phonetic Science

ISBN-10: 0521808820

ISBN-13: 9780521808828

Edition: 2005

Authors: Michael F. Ashby, John A. Maidment

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Description:

Assuming no prior knowledge of the topic, this textbook provides a clear and practical introduction to phonetics, the study of speech. Students are provided with the essential skills needed for recognising, describing and transcribing a range of speech sounds.
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Book details

Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 3/24/2005
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 232
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.342
Language: English

Introduction to speech
Introduction
Sounds and symbols
Transcribing sounds
Types of transcription
Syllables
Segments: vowels and consonants
Suprasegmentals
Speech as an acoustic signal
Writing systems
The relationship between speech and writing
Problems with syllables and segments
Chapter summary
Exercises
Further reading
Voice
Introduction
The larynx
Vocal folds
Voiced and voiceless sounds
Observing vocal fold vibration
Voicing in languages
Whisper
Aperiodic waves
Chapter summary
Exercises
Further reading
Place of articulation
Introduction
A brief tour of the vocal tract
Articulation
Place
Complex articulations
Homorganic sounds
Instrumental techniques
Places of articulation used in languages of the world
Chapter summary
Exercises
Further reading
Manner of articulation
Introduction
Airflow, pressure, turbulence
Degree of stricture: obstruent and sonorant
Stops: oral and nasal, plosive and affricate
Fricatives: median and lateral
Approximants: median and lateral
Taps, flaps and trills
Voice, place, manner labels
Use of manners of articulation in the world's languages
Chapter summary
Exercises
Further reading
Vowels
Introduction
Spectrum and resonance
Vowel articulation
Long and short vowels
Oral and nasalised vowels
Monophthong vs diphthong
The vowel quadrilateral
Cardinal vowels
Vowel systems
Vowel instability and variability
Chapter summary
Exercises
Further reading
Voice II
Introduction
Voice Onset Time
Aspiration
Devoicing
Phonation type
Chapter summary
Exercises
Further reading
Airstream mechanisms
Introduction
Airstream generation
Ejectives
Implosives
Clicks
Chapter summary
Exercises
Further reading
Speech sounds and speech movements
Introduction
Primary and secondary articulation
The linguistic use of secondary articulation
Coarticulation
Acoustic and physiological data
Chapter summary
Exercises
Further reading
Basic phonological concepts
Contrast
Minimal pair
Environment and distribution
Alternation
Phonological processes
Features
Underlying and surface forms
Phonological rules
The syllable
Phonotactics
Chapter summary
Exercises
Further reading
Suprasegmentals
Introduction
Fundamental frequency and pitch
Stress
Rhythm
Lexical tone
Intonation
Paralinguistic features
Chapter summary
Exercises
Further reading
Speaker and hearer
Introduction
The hearing mechanism
Visual cues
Speech perception tests
Cue redundancy
Speech development
Hearing impairments
Chapter summary
Further reading
Glossary
Solutions to the exercises
Index