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Biotechnology

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ISBN-10: 0521711932

ISBN-13: 9780521711937

Edition: 5th 2008

Authors: John E. Smith

List price: $66.99
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Description:

Biotechnology is the major technology of the 21st century, yet few people realise how much it impacts on many aspects of human society. The defining aim of this new fifth edition is to re-establish the correct understanding of the term biotechnology. Using the straightforward style that made the previous editions of his textbook so popular, John Smith once again helps students with the deciphering and use of biological knowledge. He explains the historical developments in biotechnology and the range of activities from brewing beer, the treatment of sewage and other wastes, and the creation of biofuels. He also discusses the innovations in molecular biology, genomics and proteomics, systems biology and their impact on new biotechnology. In this edition John Smith also re-examines the ethics and morality of aspects of biotechnology and puts new emphasis on stem cells and regenerative medicine and micro RNA.
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Book details

List price: $66.99
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 1/8/2009
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 276
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.75" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.320

Preface
The nature of biotechnology
Introduction
What is biotechnology?
Biotechnology: an interdisciplinary pursuit
Biotechnology: a three-component central core
Product safety
Public perception of biotechnology
Biotechnology and the developing world
Biomass: a biotechnology substrate?
A biomass strategy
Natural raw materials
Availability of by-products
Raw materials and the future of biotechnology
Genetics and biotechnology
Introduction
Industrial genetics
Protoplast and cell fusion technologies
Genetic engineering
The polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing
Nucleic acid probes
Genomics and proteomics
Antisense and RNA interference
Systems biology
Potential laboratory biohazards of genetic engineering
Bioprocess/fermentation technology
Introduction
Principles of microbial growth
The bioreactor
Scale-up
Media design for fermentation processes
Solid substrate fermentation
Technology of mammalian and plant cell culture
Metabolic engineering
Downstream processing
Enzyme technology
The nature of enzymes
The application of enzymes
Selection and development of producer strains for enzyme production
The technology of enzyme production
Immobilised enzymes
Biological fuel generation
Global warming and the significance of fossil fuels
Photosynthesis: the ultimate energy source
Biofuels from biomass
Bioethanol from biomass
Biodiesel
Methane
Hydrogen
The way ahead for biofuels
Contrasting views on climate change
Environmental biotechnology
Introduction
Microbial ecology/environmental biotechnology
Waste water and sewage treatment
Landfill technologies
Composting
Bioremediation
Detection and monitoring of pollutants
Microbes and the geological environment
Environmental sustainability and clean technology
Plant and forest biotechnology
Introduction
Plant biotechnology
Forest biotechnology
Animal and insect biotechnology
Introduction
Genetic manipulation and transgenic animals
Genetically engineered hormones and vaccines
Animal organs for human patients
Genetically modified insects
A look to the future
Diagnostics in plant and animal agriculture
Food and beverage biotechnology
Introduction
Food and beverage fermentations
Microorganisms as food
Enzymes and food processing
Amino acids, vitamins and sweeteners
Organic acids and polysaccharides
Rapid diagnostics
Bioprocess technology
Public acceptance and safety of new biotechnology foods
Biotechnology and medicine
Introduction
Pharmaceuticals and biopharmaceuticals
Antibiotics
Vaccines and monoclonal antibodies
Biopharmaceuticals/therapeutic proteins
Pharmacogenetics
Molecular biology and human disease
Diagnostics in developing countries
Gene therapy
Systems biology and medicine
Stem cell biotechnology
The nature of stem cells
Stem cell cultivation
Human-animal embryos
Commercial potential for stem cell therapies
Protection of biotechnological inventions
Introduction
Patent protection
Trade secrets
Plant breeders' rights
Safety in biotechnology
Introduction
Concepts of hazard and risk
Problems of organism pathogenicity
Problems of biologically active biotechnology products
Biowarfare and bioterrorism
Public perception of biotechnology: genetic engineering - safety, social, moral and ethical considerations
Introduction
Release of genetically manipulated organisms into the environment
Genetic modification and food uses
The applications of human genetic research
Looking to the future
Glossary
Further reading
Index