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String Theory and Particle Physics An Introduction to String Phenomenology

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ISBN-10: 0521517524

ISBN-13: 9780521517522

Edition: 2012

Authors: Luis E. Ib��ez, Angel M. Uranga

List price: $87.95
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Book details

List price: $87.95
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 2/9/2012
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 688
Size: 7.25" wide x 10.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 3.278
Language: English

Luis E. Ib�uez is Professor of Theoretical Physics at the Universidad Aut�noma de Madrid and member of the Instituto de F�sica Te�rica-UAM/CSIC. One of the world leaders in physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics, he has made important contributions to the construction of the supersymmetric Standard Model and superstring phenomenology.

Angel M. Uranga is Research Professor at the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient�ficas at the Instituto de F�sica Te�rica-UAM/CSIC. He is one of the leading young string theorists working in the construction of models of particle physics, in particular due to his contribution on the use of D-branes to build realistic brane-world models.

Preface
The Standard Model and beyond
The Standard Model of particle physics
Grand Unified Theories
The SM fine-tuning puzzles
Extra dimensions
Supersymmetry
Four-dimensional N = 1 supersymmetry
SUSY breaking
N=1 Supergravity
Extended supersymmetry and supergravity
Non-perturbative dynamics in supersymmetric theories
Low-energy supersymmetry and the MSSM
Introduction to string theory: the bosonic string
Generalities
Closed bosonic string
Open bosonic string
Unoriented bosonic string theory
Superstrings
Fermions on the worldsheet
Type II string theories
Heterotic string theories
Type I string theory
Summary
Toroidal compactification of superstrings
Type EI superstrings
Heterotic superstrings
Type I toroidal compactification and D-branes
Branes and string duality
D-branes in string theory
Supergravity description of non-perturbative states
Strings at strong coupling and 10d string duality
AdS/CFT and gauge/gravity dualities
Brane-antibrane systems and non-BPS D-branes
Calabi-Yau compactification of heterotic superstrings
A road map for string compactifications
Generalities on Calabi-Yau compactification
Heterotic CY compactifications: standard embedding
Heterotic CY compactifications: non-standard embedding
CY compactifications of Horava-Witten theory
Heterotic string orbifolds and other exact CFT constructions
Toroidal orbifolds
Heterotic compactification on toroidal orbifolds
Non-standard embeddings and Wilson lines
Asymmetric orbifolds
The fermionic construction
Gepner models
Heterotic string compactifications: effective action
A first look at the heterotic 4d N = 1 effective action
Heterotic M-theory effective action
Effective action of orbifold models
Gauge couplings and Kac-Moody level
Anomalous U/(1)s and Fayet-Illiopoulos terms
T-duality and the effective action
Orbifold model building revisited
Higher Kac-Moody level models and string GUTs
Type IIA orientifolds: intersecting brane worlds
Type E on CY and orientifolding
Intersecting D6-branes in flat 10d space
Compactification and an example of a toroidal model
Introducing O6-planes
Non-supersymmetric particle physics models
Supersymmetric particle physics models in T<sup>6</sup>/Z<sub>2</sub> � Z<sub>2</sub> orientifolds
Generalizations and related constructions
Type IIB orientifolds
Generalities of type IIB orientifold actions
Type IIB toroidal orientifolds
D-branes at singularities
Magnetized D-brane models
F-theory model building
Type II compactifications: effective action
The closed string moduli in type II orientifolds
K�hler metrics of matter fields in toroidal orientifolds
The gauge kinetic function
U(1)'s and FI terms
Superpotentials and Yukawa couplings in type II orientifolds
Effective action of an MSSM-like example
Yukawa couplings in local F-theory models
String instantons and effective field theory
Instantons in field theory and string theory
Fermion zero modes for D-brane instantons
Phenomenological applications
Flux compatifications and moduli stabilization
Type ITB with 3-form fluxes
Fluxes in type II toroidal orientifolds
D-branes and fluxes
Mirror symmetry, T-duality, and non-geometric fluxes
Fluxes in other string constructions
Moduli stabilization and supersymmetry breaking in string theory
SUSY and SUSY breaking in string compactifications
SUSY breaking and moduli fixing in heterotic models
SUSY breaking and moduli fixing in type II orientifolds
Soft terms from fluxes in type IIB orientifolds
General parametrization of moduli/dilaton induced SUSY breaking
Modulus/dilaton dominated SUSY breaking spectra and the LHC
Other mediation mechanisms in string theory
Further phenomenological properties. Strings and cosmology
Scales and unification in string theory
Axions in string theory
R-parity and B/L-violation
Extra U(1) gauge bosons
Strings at the weak scale
Strings and cosmology
The space of string vacua
General properties of the massless spectrum in string compactifications
The flavour landscape
The flux landscape
Outlook
Modular functions
Some topological tools
Forms and cycles: cohomology and homology
Hodge dual
Application: p-form gauge fields
Homotopy groups
Spectrum and charges of a semi-realistic Z<sub>3</sub> heterotic orbifold
Computation of RR tadpoles
RR tadpoles in type I theory
Tadpoles for T<sup>6</sup>/Z<sub>N</sub> type HB orientifolds
CFT toolkit
Conformal symmetry and conformal fields
Vertex operators and structure of scattering amplitudes
Kac-Moody algebras
N = 2 superconformal field theories
Rational conformal field theory and simple currents
Bibliography
References
Index