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Common Sense, Science and Scepticism A Historical Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

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ISBN-10: 0521436257

ISBN-13: 9780521436250

Edition: 1993

Authors: Alan E. Musgrave

List price: $51.99
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Description:

Can we know anything for certain? Dogmatists think we can, sceptics think we cannot, and epistemology is the great debate between them. Some dogmatists seek certainty in the deliverances of the senses. Sceptics object that the senses are not an adequate basis for certain knowledge. Other dogmatists seek certainty in the deliverances of pure reason. Sceptics object that rational self-evidence is no guarantee of truth. This book is an introductory and historically-based survey of the debate, siding for the most part with scepticism to show that the desire to vanquish it has often led to doctrines of idealism or anti-realism. Scepticism, science and common sense produce another view,…    
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Book details

List price: $51.99
Copyright year: 1993
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 2/11/1993
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 328
Size: 5.50" wide x 8.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.990
Language: English

Preface
Acknowledgements
The problem of knowledge
Knowledge as justified true belief
Some objections to the justified true belief account
Dogmatism, scepticism and infinite regresses
Stopping the regresses: empiricism and rationalism
Scepticism under attack
Is scepticism consistent?
Is scepticism impractical?
Does scepticism matter?
Scepticism regarding the senses
Sextus Empiricus versus empiricism
An Aristotelian reply
How belief and experience interact
The problem of perceptual error
Bacon's cure
Observation is theory-laden
Empiricist psychology
The bucket theory of the mind
Tradition and the importance of language
Language learning
The role of repetition
Innate ideas or inborn know-how?
Idea-ism, appearance and reality
A new empiricism--idea-ism
Reifying the data
The causal theory of perception and the time-lapse argument
The sceptic fights back--appearance and reality again
Primary and secondary qualities
The distinction before Locke
Locke's theory
Are secondary qualities subjective?
Berkeley's critique of Locke
Berkeley: idea-ism becomes idealism
How to turn appearance into reality
Immaterialism
God and other minds
Immaterialism, phenomenalism and science
Hume: idea-ism becomes irrationalism
Hume's irrationalism
Hume and external objects
Hume's inductive scepticism
Countering Hume on induction
The appeal to inductive principles
Probabilism
The 'No true Scotsman' ploy
Non-deductivism
Deductivism
The rationalist alternative
The rationalist paradigm--Euclid
Why mathematical knowledge is a problem for empiricists
Three sceptical objections
Rationalism defended: Descartes
Systematic doubt and the Cogito
Metaphysical doubt and the evil genius
God and the Cartesian circle
Kant and the synthetic a priori
Kant's question
Kant's answer
Kant's idealism
Alternative geometries
How non-Euclidean geometries were invented
Why non-Euclidean geometries are philosophically important
Logical empiricists take comfort
Platonism and logicism about mathematics
Truth and truth-theories
The problem of truth and its common-sense solution
Subjective truth-theories
Tarski's T-scheme
Conceptual idealism
The liar paradox and Godel's incompleteness theorem
Fallibilist realism
Sophisticated indirect realism about perception
Scepticism, irrationalism and fallibilism
Fallibilism and the grue problem
New objections
Conjectural knowledge
References
Index